Flashcards in Color Deck (57)
What hues are considered warm hues?
Red, red-orange, orange, yellow-orange, yellow and yellow-green
What hues are considered cool hues?
Green, Blue-green, Blue, Blue-violet, violet, red-violet
What are the positive psychological/emotional characteristics of warm colors?
engaging, active, positive, cheery, cozy, and stimulating
What are the positive psychological/emotional characteristics of cool colors?
relaxing, restful, and soothing
What are some negative psychological/emotional characteristics of warm colors?
If used in strong intensity in large areas, warm colors may cause individuals to feel irritable.
What are some negative psychological/emotional characteristics of cool colors?
Can be perceived as cold and unfriendly and may lack variety.
Which colors, warm or cool, recede/advance?
warm colors advance and can enclose a space.; cool colors recede and tend to expand space.
What colors are considered neutral?
gray, white, and black because they are without an identifiable hue.
What colors are called neutralized colors?
Colors falling midway between the warm and cool color groups, such as beige, brown, taupe, cream, ivory, off-black, and off-white Iwhite with small amount of color added ).
What are the positive psychological/emotional characteristics of neutralized colors?
restful, tranquil, livable, unobtrusive, and supportive.
What are some negative effects of neutralized colors?
can produce feelings of boredom and weariness
The standard color wheel is often referred to as what?
Prang color wheel
Who originally developed the standard color wheel?
David Brewster, and it was called the Brewster Theory
What is the standard color wheel based on?
3 primary colors: red, yellow, and blue, which can be mixed in equal parts and complete the 12 colors of the complete wheel.
What is a primary color?
it means that the color cannot be mixed from other pigments, nor can ir be broken down into component colors.
What is a secondary color?
Composed of equal amounts of any two of the primary colors.
Name the secondary colors on the color wheel?
Green, Violet, and orange
What is a tertiary color?
Created by mixing equal amounts of a primary color and a secondary color.
Name the 3 dimensions of color.
Hue, value, and intensity
What is "hue"?
The color name; a singular characteristic that sets each color apart from all the others.
What is "value"?
the degree of luminosity, or lightness and darkness of a hue in relation to black and white.
How many value gradations are said to be easily visible to the eye?
How is the value of a hue raised, and what is the term for this?
By adding white; called a tint
How is the value of a hue lowered, and what is the term for this?
By adding black; called a shade.
How is the value of a hue muted, and what is the term for this?
By adding equal amounts of black and white (gray); called a tone.
What is "intensity" or "chroma"?
The degree of saturation of pure color. It describes the brightness or dullness and strength or weakness of the pure color that a hue contains.
How is a hues intensity or chroma raised and lowered?
Raised by the addition of pure chroma or lessened by the addition of its complement.
How does strong chroma affect objects?
It visually enlarges objects.
Name the basic color schemes.
Achromatic, monotone, monochromatic, analogous, and complementary.