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Flashcards in Common Abbreviations Deck (206):
1

ABG

ABG arterial blood gases*

2

AC

AC before meals*

Ante Cibum
Ante = Before
Cibo=English words for the Italian word cibo. cheer, fare, food, grub, meat

"Ay, before you Consume your food....."

3

ACE

ACE angiotensin converting enzyme*

4

ADH

ADH antidiuretic hormone*

5

Ad lib

free to move around*

(Like MadLIbs, free to change up the words in the sentence)

6

ADL

ADL activities of daily living*

7

AKA

AKA above knee amputation*

also known as rennesha, my friend who had her leg amputated bcuz of osteosarcoma.

8

AMA

AMA against medical advice *OR advanced maternal age*

Ama go, I don't care what the dr says.
Ama lil older than most mom's.

9

AMI

AMI acute myocardial infarction*

10

AP

AP apical pulse *

11

ARF

ARF acute renal failure*

12

au

AU both ears* (au - a looks like an ear and u for union)

13

BG

BG blood glucose*

14

BI

BI brain injury

15

BID

BID twice a day*

16

BKA

BKA below knee amputation*

17

BLE

BLE Bilateral lower extremities*

If grandma says her foot goes number, check the pulse BLE to compare side.

"My BLEepin legs are numb."

18

BM

BM bowel movement* or breast milk

Babies have a BM after some BM :-P

19

BP

BP blood pressure *

20

BPH

But Peeing's Hard

BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy (A common, noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.)

Boy! my Prostate be Hurtin!

21

BRP

BRP bathroom privileges *

(You might wanna see a bathroom about that BuRP.)

22

BS

BS bowel sounds , breath sounds, bachelor of science, blood sugar*

23

BUN

BUN blood urea nitrogen*


A blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test measures the amount of nitrogen in your blood that comes from the waste product urea. Urea is made when protein is broken down in your body. Urea is made in the liver and passed out of your body in the urine. A BUN test is done to see how well your kidneys are working.

24

C&S

C&S culture and sensitivity*

25

CA

CA calcium, cancer, carcinoma*

26

CABG

CABG coronary artery bypass graft*

27

CAD

CAD coronary artery disease *

FYI - PAD - peripheral artery disease

28

CBC

CBC complete blood count*

29

CO

CO cardiac output*

30

C/O

C/O complaint of*

31

COPD

COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease*

32

CPM

CPM continuous passive motion*

The continuous passive motion (CPM) machine is attached to, for example, a knee that has had surgery. The CPM machine then constantly moves the knee through a range of motion for a period of time while the patient relaxes.

33

CSF

CSF cerebrospinal fluid, colony stimulating factors*

34

CXR

CXR chest x-ray*

35

DAT

DAT diet as tolerated *

Dat ain't something my stomach can tolerate, so I don't eat dat.

36

DC

DC (dc) discontinue *

37

DIC

DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation*

a condition in which blood clots form throughout the body's (disseminated through the body) small blood vessels (intravascular). These blood clots (coagulation) can reduce or block blood flow through the blood vessels, which can damage the body's organs.

38

DKA

DKA diabetic ketoacidosis*

...is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones; develops when your body is unable to produce enough insulin. Insulin normally plays a key role in helping sugar (glucose) enter your cells. Without enough insulin, your body begins to break down fat as an alternate fuel. This process produces a buildup of toxic acids in the bloodstream called ketones, eventually leading to diabetic ketoacidosis if untreated.

39

DM

DM diabetes mellitus*

40

DNR

DNR do not resuscitate*

41

DVT

DVT deep vein thrombosis*

42

DX

DX diagnosis*

43

ET

ET endotracheal tube*

44

FX

FX fracture*

45

FUO

FUO fever of unknown origin*

UFO is an unidentifed object from unknown place in space

FUO is a fever of unknown origin

46

GERD

GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease*

47

HB or HGB

HB hemoglobin* HGB hemoglobin*

48

HG A1C

HG A1C hemoglobin A1C*

The hemoglobin A1c test, also called HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin test, or glycohemoglobin, is an important blood test that shows how well your diabetes is being controlled. Hemoglobin A1c provides an average of your blood sugar control over the past 2 to 3 months and is used along with home blood sugar monitoring to make adjustments in your diabetes medicines.

49

HCG

HCG *


Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is a hormone that supports the normal development of an egg in a woman's ovary, and stimulates the release of the egg during ovulation. HCG is used to cause ovulation and to treat infertility in women, and to increase sperm count in men.

50

HCO3

HCO3 bicarbonate*

51

HCT

HCT hematocrit*

% of rbcs

52

HDL

HDL high density lipoprotein*

"Helper" cholesterol

53

HS

HS bedtime*

At bedtime "He'S sleepin."

54

HX

HX history*



HX = hospital history - history X

55

H&P

H & P history and physical*

56

ICP

ICP intracranial pressure*

57

IDDM

IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus*

Insulin shots are given intradermal/ID IDDM

58

IM

IM intramuscular*

59

INR

INR international normalization ratio*

International Normalized Ratio

Does this test have other names?
INR, standardized prothrombin time

What is this test?
This blood test looks to see how well your blood clots.

The international normalized ratio (INR) is a standardized number that's figured out in the lab. If you take blood thinners, also called anti-clotting drugs or anticoagulants, it's especially important to check your INR. The INR is figured out using the results of the prothrombin time (PT) test, which measures the time it takes for your blood to clot. The INR is an international standard for the PT.

60

IV

IV intravenous*

61

IVPB

IVPB intravenous piggyback*

62

IVP

IVP intravenous push or intravenous pyelography*

Pyelo - (Anatomy) denoting the renal pelvis

An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is a special x-ray examination of the kidneys, bladder, and ureters (the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder).

py·e·log·ra·phy: X-ray technique for producing an image of the renal pelvis and urinary tract by the introduction of a radiopaque fluid.

63

K

K potassium*

64

KUB

KUB kidney, ureter, bladder*

65

KVO

KVO keep vein open*

66

LUQ

LUQ left upper quadrant* or RUQ etc.

67

MAR

MAR medication administration record *

68

MI

MI myocardial infarction *

69

MRI

MRI magnetic resonance imaging*

70

MRx2

MRx2 May repeat times 2*

71

NA

NA sodium*

72

NKA

NKA no known allergies*

73

NPO

NPO nothing by mouth*

Nothing Per Oral

74

NSAID

NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug*

75

OD

OD right eye*

right hand is dextrous
O looks like an eyeball

76

OS

OS left eye*

Left hand is sinister (used for toileting) S=Sinister
O looks like an eye.

77

OU

OU both eyes*

U for Union or Both

78

PAD

PAD peripheral artery disease*

Peripheral artery disease (also called peripheral arterial disease) is a common circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs

FYI - CAD coronary artery disease *

79

PC

PC after meals*

Post Consumption
post cibum-opposite pf ac ante cibum

80

PCA

(ex PCA pump)

PCA patient controlled analgesia, posterior communicating artery*

81

PDR

PDR physician's desk reference*

Physicians' Desk Reference: A thick volume that provides a guide to prescription drugs available in the United States. Although not exactly recommended fare for bedtime reading, the PDR is the most commonly used drug reference.

82

PERRLA

PERRLA pupils equal, round, react to light, accommodation*

83

PICC

PICC peripherally inserted central venous catheter*

A central venous catheter, also called a central line, is a long, thin, flexible tube used to give medicines, fluids, nutrients, or blood products over a long period of time, usually several weeks or more. A catheter is often inserted in the arm or chest through the skin into a large vein. The catheter is threaded through this vein until it reaches a large vein near the heart.

84

PMI

PMI point of maximal impulse*
POINT OF MAXIMUM INTENSITY

The apex beat (lat. ictus cordis), also called the point of maximum impulse (PMI), is the furthermost point outwards (laterally) and downwards (inferiorly) from the sternum at which the cardiac impulse can be felt.

85

PO

PO by mouth*

Per Oral

86

PR

PR by rectum*

Per Rectum

87

PRN

PRN as needed* (Pro Re Nata)

88

PRBC

PRBC packed red blood cells*

89

PUD

PUD peptic ulcer disease *

Peptic ulcer disease refers to painful sores or ulcers in the lining of the stomach or first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum.

90

PVD

PVD peripheral vascular disease *

91

PT

PT Physical Therapist or physical therapy*

92

QD

QD everyday *

93

QH

QH every hour*

94

QID

QID four times a day *

95

QOD

QOD every other day*

96

QS

QNS

QS quantity sufficient, quantity required*

Quantity not sufficient

97

ROM

ROM range of motion *

98

RUQ

RUQ right upper quadrant*

99

S/S

S/S signs & symptoms *

100

SL

SL sublingual*

SLide it under the tongue

101

SNF

SNF skilled nursing facility*

102

SOB

SOB short of breath*

103

Susp

Susp Suspension*

104

TIA

TIA transient ischemic attack*

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is like a stroke, producing similar symptoms, but usually lasting only a few minutes and causing no permanent damage.

105

TID

TID three times a day*

106

TKO

TKO to keep vein open*

107

TKR

TKR total knee replacement*

TaKeR knees out if she don't pay up!

108

TPN

TPN total parenteral nutrition*

109

TX

TX treatment, traction*

110

UA

UA urinalysis *

Ur Aching when you pee, so you get a UrinAlysis

111

UTI

UTI urinary tract infection*

112

W/C

W/C wheelchair *

113

WBC

WBC white blood cell*

114

WDL

WDL Within desired limits*

115

WNL

WNL within normal limits*

116

XR

XR x-ray* or extended release

117

CBI

continuous bladder irrigation

118

A&W

ALIVE AND WELL

119

Abd

ABDOMINAL

120

ADL

ACTIVITES OF DAILY LIVING

121

AK

ABOVE KNEE

122

AP

APICAL PULSE OR ANTERIOR POSTERIOR

123

BK

BELOW KNEE

124

CHD

CHILDHOOD DISEASE
CONGENITAL DISEASE
CORONARY HEART DISEASE

125

CVA

COSTOVERTEBRAL ANGEL

CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT

126

Cx

CERVIX

127

DM

DIABETES MELLITUS

128

DOE

DYSPNEA ON EXERTION

129

DUB

DYSFUNCTIONAL UTERINE BLEEDING

130

ECG EKG

ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; ELECTROCARDIOGRAPH

131

ENT

EAR NOSE THROAT

132

FB

FOREIGN BODY

133

FROM

FULL RANGE OF MOTION

134

Fx

FRACTURE

135

GB

GALLBLADDER

136

GYN

GYNECOLOGIC

137

HCG

HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN

138

HPI

HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS

139

ICS

INTERCOSTAL SPACE

140

IUD

INTRAUTERINE DEVICE

141

JVP

JUGULAR VENOUS PRESSURE

142

LCM

LEFT COSTAL MARGINE

143

LLL

LEFT LOWER LOBE (LUNG)

144

LMD

LOCAL MEDIAL DOCTOR

145

LOC

LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS
LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS

146

LSB

LEFT STERNAL BORDER

147

MCL

MIDCLAVICULAR LINE

148

MSL

MIDSTERNAL LINE

149

N&T

NOSE AND THROAT

150

NA

NO ANSWER
NOT APPLICABLE

151

NKDA

NO KNOWN DRUG ALLERGIES

152

NSR

NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM

153

P

PARA

154

PE

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
PULMONARY EMBOLISM
PULMONARY EDEMA

155

PGF

PATERNAL GRANDFATHER

156

PI

PRESENT ILLNESS

157

PMH

PAST MEDICAL HISTORY

158

PMS

PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROM

159

PVC

PREMATURE VENTRICULAR COMPLEX

160

REM

RAPID EYE MOVEMENT

161

ROS

REVIEW OF SYSTEMS

162

RSB

RIGHT STERNAL BORDER

163

SCM

STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID

164

T&A

TONSILLECTOMY AND ADENOIDECTOMY

165

TPR

TEMP PULSE RESPIRATION

166

URI

UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTION

167

WD

WELL DEVELOPED

168

AB

ABORTION

169

AJ

ANKLE JERK

170

CC

CHIEF COMPLAINT

171

c/o

COMPLAINS OF

172

CV

CARDIOVASCULAR

173

CVP

CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE

174

D&C

DILATION AND CURETTAGE


cu·rette
kyo͝oˈret/Submit
noun
1.
a surgical instrument used to remove material by a scraping action, especially from the uterus.
verb
1.
clean or scrape with a curette.

175

DTRs

DEEP TENDON REFLEXES

176

EENT

EAR, EYE, NOSE, THROAT

177

EOM

EXTRAOCULAR MOVEMENT

178

FH

FAMILY HISTORY

179

FTT

FAILURE TO THRIVE

180

G

GRAVIDA

1. a woman's status regarding pregnancy: usu. followed by a numeral designating the number of times the woman has been pregnant. 2. a pregnant woman.

181

GE

GASTROESOPHAGEAL

182

GU

GENITOURINARY

183

HA

HEADACHE

184

HEENT

HEAD, EYES, EARS, NOSE AND THROAT

185

Hx

HISTORY

186

IOP

INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE

187

KJ

KNEE JERK

188

lat

LATERAL

189

LE

LOWER EXTREMITY

190

LMP

LAST MENSTRUAL PERIOD

191

LS

LUMBOSACRAL; LUMBAR SPINE

192

LUL

LEFT UPPER LOBE

193

MAL

MIDAXILLARY LINE

194

MGF

MATERNAL GRANDFATHER

195

MVA

MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT

196

OM

OTITIS MEDIA

197

PGM

PATERNAL GRANDMOTHER

198

PID

PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE

199

RCM

RIGHT COSTAL MARGIN

200

RLL

RIGHT LOWER LOBE (LUNG)

201

RRR

REGULAR RATE AND RHYTHM

202

RUL

RIGHT UPPER LOBE (lung)

203

Sx

SYMPTOMS

204

TM

TYMPANIC MEMBRANE

205

UE

UPPER EXTREMITY

206

WN

WELL NOURISHED