Flashcards in Common Abbreviations Deck (206):
ABG arterial blood gases*
AC before meals*
Ante = Before
Cibo=English words for the Italian word cibo. cheer, fare, food, grub, meat
"Ay, before you Consume your food....."
ACE angiotensin converting enzyme*
ADH antidiuretic hormone*
free to move around*
(Like MadLIbs, free to change up the words in the sentence)
ADL activities of daily living*
AKA above knee amputation*
also known as rennesha, my friend who had her leg amputated bcuz of osteosarcoma.
AMA against medical advice *OR advanced maternal age*
Ama go, I don't care what the dr says.
Ama lil older than most mom's.
AMI acute myocardial infarction*
AP apical pulse *
ARF acute renal failure*
AU both ears* (au - a looks like an ear and u for union)
BG blood glucose*
BI brain injury
BID twice a day*
BKA below knee amputation*
BLE Bilateral lower extremities*
If grandma says her foot goes number, check the pulse BLE to compare side.
"My BLEepin legs are numb."
BM bowel movement* or breast milk
Babies have a BM after some BM :-P
BP blood pressure *
But Peeing's Hard
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy (A common, noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.)
Boy! my Prostate be Hurtin!
BRP bathroom privileges *
(You might wanna see a bathroom about that BuRP.)
BS bowel sounds , breath sounds, bachelor of science, blood sugar*
BUN blood urea nitrogen*
A blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test measures the amount of nitrogen in your blood that comes from the waste product urea. Urea is made when protein is broken down in your body. Urea is made in the liver and passed out of your body in the urine. A BUN test is done to see how well your kidneys are working.
C&S culture and sensitivity*
CA calcium, cancer, carcinoma*
CABG coronary artery bypass graft*
CAD coronary artery disease *
FYI - PAD - peripheral artery disease
CBC complete blood count*
CO cardiac output*
C/O complaint of*
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease*
CPM continuous passive motion*
The continuous passive motion (CPM) machine is attached to, for example, a knee that has had surgery. The CPM machine then constantly moves the knee through a range of motion for a period of time while the patient relaxes.
CSF cerebrospinal fluid, colony stimulating factors*
CXR chest x-ray*
DAT diet as tolerated *
Dat ain't something my stomach can tolerate, so I don't eat dat.
DC (dc) discontinue *
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation*
a condition in which blood clots form throughout the body's (disseminated through the body) small blood vessels (intravascular). These blood clots (coagulation) can reduce or block blood flow through the blood vessels, which can damage the body's organs.
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis*
...is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones; develops when your body is unable to produce enough insulin. Insulin normally plays a key role in helping sugar (glucose) enter your cells. Without enough insulin, your body begins to break down fat as an alternate fuel. This process produces a buildup of toxic acids in the bloodstream called ketones, eventually leading to diabetic ketoacidosis if untreated.
DM diabetes mellitus*
DNR do not resuscitate*
DVT deep vein thrombosis*
ET endotracheal tube*
FUO fever of unknown origin*
UFO is an unidentifed object from unknown place in space
FUO is a fever of unknown origin
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease*
HB or HGB
HB hemoglobin* HGB hemoglobin*
HG A1C hemoglobin A1C*
The hemoglobin A1c test, also called HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin test, or glycohemoglobin, is an important blood test that shows how well your diabetes is being controlled. Hemoglobin A1c provides an average of your blood sugar control over the past 2 to 3 months and is used along with home blood sugar monitoring to make adjustments in your diabetes medicines.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is a hormone that supports the normal development of an egg in a woman's ovary, and stimulates the release of the egg during ovulation. HCG is used to cause ovulation and to treat infertility in women, and to increase sperm count in men.
% of rbcs
HDL high density lipoprotein*
At bedtime "He'S sleepin."
HX = hospital history - history X
H & P history and physical*
ICP intracranial pressure*
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus*
Insulin shots are given intradermal/ID IDDM
INR international normalization ratio*
International Normalized Ratio
Does this test have other names?
INR, standardized prothrombin time
What is this test?
This blood test looks to see how well your blood clots.
The international normalized ratio (INR) is a standardized number that's figured out in the lab. If you take blood thinners, also called anti-clotting drugs or anticoagulants, it's especially important to check your INR. The INR is figured out using the results of the prothrombin time (PT) test, which measures the time it takes for your blood to clot. The INR is an international standard for the PT.
IVPB intravenous piggyback*
IVP intravenous push or intravenous pyelography*
Pyelo - (Anatomy) denoting the renal pelvis
An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is a special x-ray examination of the kidneys, bladder, and ureters (the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder).
py·e·log·ra·phy: X-ray technique for producing an image of the renal pelvis and urinary tract by the introduction of a radiopaque fluid.
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder*
KVO keep vein open*
LUQ left upper quadrant* or RUQ etc.
MAR medication administration record *
MI myocardial infarction *
MRI magnetic resonance imaging*
MRx2 May repeat times 2*
NKA no known allergies*
NPO nothing by mouth*
Nothing Per Oral
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug*
OD right eye*
right hand is dextrous
O looks like an eyeball
OS left eye*
Left hand is sinister (used for toileting) S=Sinister
O looks like an eye.
OU both eyes*
U for Union or Both
PAD peripheral artery disease*
Peripheral artery disease (also called peripheral arterial disease) is a common circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs
FYI - CAD coronary artery disease *
PC after meals*
post cibum-opposite pf ac ante cibum
(ex PCA pump)
PCA patient controlled analgesia, posterior communicating artery*
PDR physician's desk reference*
Physicians' Desk Reference: A thick volume that provides a guide to prescription drugs available in the United States. Although not exactly recommended fare for bedtime reading, the PDR is the most commonly used drug reference.
PERRLA pupils equal, round, react to light, accommodation*
PICC peripherally inserted central venous catheter*
A central venous catheter, also called a central line, is a long, thin, flexible tube used to give medicines, fluids, nutrients, or blood products over a long period of time, usually several weeks or more. A catheter is often inserted in the arm or chest through the skin into a large vein. The catheter is threaded through this vein until it reaches a large vein near the heart.
PMI point of maximal impulse*
POINT OF MAXIMUM INTENSITY
The apex beat (lat. ictus cordis), also called the point of maximum impulse (PMI), is the furthermost point outwards (laterally) and downwards (inferiorly) from the sternum at which the cardiac impulse can be felt.
PO by mouth*
PR by rectum*
PRN as needed* (Pro Re Nata)
PRBC packed red blood cells*
PUD peptic ulcer disease *
Peptic ulcer disease refers to painful sores or ulcers in the lining of the stomach or first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum.
PVD peripheral vascular disease *
PT Physical Therapist or physical therapy*
QD everyday *
QH every hour*
QID four times a day *
QOD every other day*
QS quantity sufficient, quantity required*
Quantity not sufficient
ROM range of motion *
RUQ right upper quadrant*
S/S signs & symptoms *
SLide it under the tongue
SNF skilled nursing facility*
SOB short of breath*
TIA transient ischemic attack*
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is like a stroke, producing similar symptoms, but usually lasting only a few minutes and causing no permanent damage.
TID three times a day*
TKO to keep vein open*
TKR total knee replacement*
TaKeR knees out if she don't pay up!
TPN total parenteral nutrition*
TX treatment, traction*
UA urinalysis *
Ur Aching when you pee, so you get a UrinAlysis
UTI urinary tract infection*
W/C wheelchair *
WBC white blood cell*
WDL Within desired limits*
WNL within normal limits*
XR x-ray* or extended release
continuous bladder irrigation
ALIVE AND WELL
ACTIVITES OF DAILY LIVING
APICAL PULSE OR ANTERIOR POSTERIOR
CORONARY HEART DISEASE
DYSPNEA ON EXERTION
DYSFUNCTIONAL UTERINE BLEEDING
EAR NOSE THROAT
FULL RANGE OF MOTION
HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN
HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS
JUGULAR VENOUS PRESSURE
LEFT COSTAL MARGINE
LEFT LOWER LOBE (LUNG)
LOCAL MEDIAL DOCTOR
LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS
LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
LEFT STERNAL BORDER
NOSE AND THROAT
NO KNOWN DRUG ALLERGIES
NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM
PAST MEDICAL HISTORY
PREMATURE VENTRICULAR COMPLEX
RAPID EYE MOVEMENT
REVIEW OF SYSTEMS
RIGHT STERNAL BORDER
TONSILLECTOMY AND ADENOIDECTOMY
TEMP PULSE RESPIRATION
UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTION
CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE
DILATION AND CURETTAGE
a surgical instrument used to remove material by a scraping action, especially from the uterus.
clean or scrape with a curette.
DEEP TENDON REFLEXES
EAR, EYE, NOSE, THROAT
FAILURE TO THRIVE
1. a woman's status regarding pregnancy: usu. followed by a numeral designating the number of times the woman has been pregnant. 2. a pregnant woman.
HEAD, EYES, EARS, NOSE AND THROAT
LAST MENSTRUAL PERIOD
LUMBOSACRAL; LUMBAR SPINE
LEFT UPPER LOBE
MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT
PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE
RIGHT COSTAL MARGIN
RIGHT LOWER LOBE (LUNG)
REGULAR RATE AND RHYTHM
RIGHT UPPER LOBE (lung)