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Etiology And pathology II > common cold > Flashcards

Flashcards in common cold Deck (63):
1

external wind invades the lungs (defensive qi) causing what sxs?

aversion to cold
fever
occipital stiffness
headache
floating pulse

2

exterior wind can be combined with what other factors?

cold, heat, dampness, dryness and water

3

common cold , acupuncture works well. 6 stages exterior pathogenic factors, can be outside, inside-outside, or inside. taiyang. invasion of wind cold where cold or wind predominates.
deeper, it will be shaoyang stage, inside and outside- more like the flu.
yangming (4 bigs)
wei stage and qi stage are the most important stages in the four stages. wei, pathogenic heat.
qi stage

q

4

windo cold sx

aversion to cold, sneezing, runny nose with white water discharge, cough, fever, severe occipital stiffness and ache, NO sweating, NO thirst, floating tight pulse, tongue regular

5

wind heat sx

aversion to cold, fever, sneezing, cough, running nose with slight yellow mucus, occipital stiffness and ache, SWEATING itchy throat, sore throat, swollen tonsils, THIRST. floating rapid pulse, red tongue body and red tip or red sides. thing white coat.

6

wind damp sx

aversion to cold, fever, swollen neck glands, nausea, sweating, occipital stiffness, body aches, mm ache
feeling of heaviness in the body, swollen joints, floating slipper pulse

7

wind dryness sx

fever, slight aversion to cold, slight sweating, dry skin, dry nose, dry mouth, dry thorat, dry cough, sore throat, dry tongue with thin white coat, floating rapid pulse

8

wind water sx

aversion to cold,facial edema, swellen eyes, cough with profuse white and watery mucus, sweating, no thirst, floating pulse

9

6 stages- waht are the stages

taiyang- wind cold with prevalence of cold
- wind cold wiht prevalence of wind
shaoyang- channel pattern (stomach heat)
- organ pattern (stomach fire)
yangming

10

FOUR LEVELS

defensive qi level
qi level
nutritive level
blood level

11

defensive qi level of the 4 levels relates to what pathology

wind heat
damp heat
summer heat
wind dry heat

12

qi level of the 4 levels

lung heat, stomach heat, stomach and intestines dry heat, gallbladder heat, stomach and spleen damp heat

13

nutritive level

heat in the pericardium, heat in the nutritive qi

14

blood level

heat agitates blood, stirs wind, agitates the interior, collapses yin, collapses yang

15

in defensive qi level there is wind cold, prevalence of cold. the sx are aversion to cold, fever, no sweat occipital ha, stiff neck, body aches slight cough, runny nose with white dc, sneezing, floating pulse. WHAT IS THE TX PRINCIPLE?

release the exterior, expel wind, scatter cold, resotre the diffusing and descending of lung qi

16

what acupuncture points should be used for windo cold with a prevalence for cold?

Lu7, LI4,BL12- three most important points to expel wind cold. can cup on bl12
GB20, DU16- expel wind and tx ha and stiff neck
BL13- restores the diffusing and descending of lung qi, and is selected for cough
LI20, DU23- expels wind and clears the nose and are used if sneezing and runny nose are pronounced
DU20- expels wind and relieves headache
Ki7- used in conjunction with LI4 to cause sweating.

17

wind cold prevalence wind sx

aversion to cold, shivering, fever, slight sweating, occipital ha, stiff neck, body aches, slight cough, runny nose with white discharge, sneezing, pulse floating and slow

18

treatment principle for wind cold prevalence of wind

release the exterior, expel wind cold and harmonize nutritive and defensive qi

19

acupoints to treat wind cold prevalence wind

Lu7, LI4 BL12- three most important points to expel wind wold. can cup on bl12
st36- harmonizes nutritive and defensive qi
bl18 nourishes nutritive qi and blood thereby harmonizing them.
LI20, du23 expel wind and clear the nose
bl13- restores diffusing and descending of lung qi

20

wind heat sx

aversion to cold, shivering, fever, slight sweat, runny nose with yellow discharge, ha, body aches, sore throat, swollen tonsils, thirst, slightly dark urine, tongue, red on sides or front, p- gloating and rapid

21

tx principle for wind heat

release the exterior, expel wind heat, and restore diffusing and descending of lu qi

22

acupu points for wind heat

li4, li11 and tw5 are the three most important points to expel wind heat
bl12 - releases the exterior
bl13 diffuses and disperses lu qi
if severe ha add gb20 and du 16. li11 also for the sore throat and can be bled for severe sore throat

23

wind damp heat sx

aversion to cold, shivering, fever, feeling of heaviness of the head and body, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands, headache, feeling worse in the afternoon, feeling of oppression in the chest and epigastrium, sticky taste in mouth, tongue- sticky yellow coat, p- slippery and floating

24

tx principle of wind damp heat

release the exterior, expel wind heat, resolve damp

25

acupoints to tx wind damp heat

LI4, LI11- release the exterior and expel wind heat and resolve damp heat
sp9- resolves damp heat
cv9 and 13 resolve damp and harmonize the center and subdue rebellious st qi
TW5- expels wind heat
du14- clears heat
lu 11

26

wind dry heat sx

aversion to cold, fever, slight sweating, dryness of nose and motuh and throat, dry cough. t- slight red, and dry
p- floating

27

tx principle for wind dry heat

release the exterior, expel wind, restore the descending of lunng qi, benefit fluids

28

acupoints for wind dry heat

Lu7, li4, li11- release the exterior and expel wind heat. lu11 is bled if sore throat.
sp6 and cv12 and ki6 promote fluids. ki6 soothes the throat

29

acupoints for hoarsness

cv23 benefits throat
du14- clear heat and expel wind
li11 and li4- expel wind heat
lu7- descend lu qi and clear throat
ht5- benefits throat

30

acute tonsilitis is caused by what?

wind heat

31

Points for acute tonsilitis

li11, li4, st44 (stomach heat often causes tonsilitis)
ren 22, lu11, lu10 to expel wind heat

32

sore throat is usually due to what?

wind heat

33

points to tx sore throat

lu11 li4, st43

34

Lung Heat (qi level)

high fever, feeling of heat, cough, breathless, coughing yellow sputum, thirst, restlessness, sweating t- red with yellow coat, p- overflowing and rapid

35

tx principle of lung heat

clear lung heat, prevent injury of yin by heat

36

acupoint for lung heat

lu10- clears heat
lu5- resolves phlegm heat from lungs
lu1- clears lung heat
du14 clears heat
sp6- stops sweating and prevents injury of yin by heat

37

lung phlegm heat

high fever, feeling of heat, restlessness, thirst, vomitin after drinking cough, breathlessness, pn in chest, coughing profuse amounts of yellow sticky sputum, feeling of oppression in the chest, nausea, dry stool dark urine
tongue- red with sticky yellow coat
p- slippery and rapid

38

tx principle of lung phlegm heat

clear heat, resolve phlegm, restore desciending of lung qi, precvent injury of yin

39

acupoints for lung phlegm heat

lu5- resolves phlegm heat in lungs
lu1- resolves heat in lungs
st40- resolves phlegm stimulates descending of lu qi
sp6- nourishes yin

40

stomach heat sx

high fever, intense thirst, feeling of heat, restlessness, profuse sweating, coarse breathing, t- red with dry yellow coat, p- overflowing or big

41

tx principle of st heat

clear stomach heat, prevent injury of yin

42

acupoints for st heat

st44, li11, du14 (clears heat), sp6

43

stomach and intestines dry heat

high fever worse in afternoon, ocnstipation, dry stool, burning feeling in anus, abdominal pn, fullness worse with pressure, restlessness, thirst, faint feeoingk delirium t- red with dry thick yellow brown or black coat, p deep full rapid.

44

tx principle of st and intestines dry heat

drain stomach fire by purging, benefit fluids

45

acupoints for stomach and intestines dry heat

li11- clear heat in st and intestines
st 25 and sp15- regulate intestines, and clear st heat and promote bowel movement
st44 and st45- clear st heat (st 45 for mental restlessness)
bl25- rains st fire by promoting bwel movement
tw8 and ki6- promote bowel movement in heat diseases

46

Gallbladder heat

alternating hot and cold, more hot than cold, bitter taste, thirst, dry throat, irritability, hypochondrial pn, nausea, feeling of fullness in the epigastrium t- red yellow coat p- wiry and rapid

47

tx principle of gallbladder heat

clear heat in the gallbladder, harmonize the shoayang

48

acupoints for gallbladder heat

tw5 and gb41- dai mai- harmonize shaoyang
gb43- clears gb heat
li11- clears heat
du14 clears heat
bl22- resolves dampthat is frequently associated with this pattern

49

lesser yang pattern (shaoyang)

alternating hot and cold, more cold than hot. bitter taste in mouth, dry throat, blurred vision, hypochondrial pn, no thirst, irritability, vomiting, t- white coat, p- wiry and fine

50

tx principle of lesser yang pattern

harmonize the lesser yang, clear the gallbladder

51

acupoints for lesser yang pattern

tw5, gb41, du13 all yto harmonize lesser yang
st36 to tonifiy the nutritive qi

52

stomach and spleen damp heat

fever that decreases after sweating but then returns, a feeling of heaviness in the body and head, feeling of oppression in chest and epigastrium nausea, loose stool, sticky taste.
t- red with sticky yellow coat
p- slippery and rapid

53

treatment principle of st and sp damp heat

resolve damp harmonize the stomach and strengthen spleen

54

acupoints for st and sp damp heat

sp9- resolve damp
sp6 resolve damp and tonify spleen
ren 12- resolve damp
ren 13- subdue rebellious stomach qi
ren 10- stimulates the descending of stomach qi
st36 and bl20- tonigy spleen and resolve damp

55

in seasonal allergic rhinitis, on etreats based on

according to the season. during pollen season, tx is directed at tx the manifestation ie wind cold or wind heat.

56

during perrenial rhinitis, treatment is based on

the manifestation and the root.

57

in treatting the manifestation of the allergic rhinitis
wind cold sx

sneezing, profuse runny nose, water or white discharge, pale complexion, stuffed nose, slight headache, no thirst

58

tx principle of allergic rhinitis due to wind cold

expel wind cold, restore the diffusing and descending of lung qi

59

acuppoints for allergic rhitnitis due to wind cold

bl12, bl13, lu7- restore diffusing and descending of lung qi and expel wind
li20, bitong and yin tang-n expel wind from nose and stop itching and sneezing
du23, gb20- expel wind from head. du23 expels wind from nose and stops nasal discharge

60

allergic rhinitis where one is treating the root while outside of the season. the aim (and treatment principle)is what?

tonify the kidney and lungs defensde qi systems, and strengthen the governing vessel.

61

acupoints to tx the root of allergic rhinitis in off seasons

DU4 and ren 4- strengthen gv
bl23, ki3, bl13, du12- tonigy the lung and strengthen governing vessel locally to stop nasal discharge
gb20- expel wind from head
du14- strengthen gv
si3 and bl62- du mai open the gv

62

perrenial rhinitis treatment principle

tonigy the lung and kidney defensive qi systems, strengthen gv and consolidate the exterior and expel wind.

63

acupoints for perrenial allergic rhinitis

bl13 du12 ren 12 st36 lu7 lu9- to tonify the lungs defensive system
li4, li20, yin tang and bitong du 23 to expel wind from nose