Common Compounds for the Function Group Flashcards Preview

Organic Chem > Common Compounds for the Function Group > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Compounds for the Function Group Deck (12):
1

Alkanes

(Fuels)
Methane (main component of natural gas)
Propane (used as fuel for heating)
Butane (propellant in aerosols)
Octane (component of gasoline)

2

Alkenes

Ethylene (ethene – to make
polyethylene for sandwich bags)

Propylene (propene – to make polypropylene for milk jugs)

3

Alkynes

Acetylene (welding and cutting)

4

Aromatics

Benzene (used to make plastics)
Toluene (solvent in nail polish remover)
Styrene (styrofoam)
Naphthalene (moth balls)

5

Alcohols

Methanol (drinking alcohol)
Ethanol (Solvent in antifreeze)
Isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol)

6

Ketone

Acetone (Solvent for plastics)

7

Aldehyde

Vanillin
Cinnamaldehyde

8

Ester

Methyl salicyate (wintergreen)
Benzyl acetate (strawberry)
Butyl propanoate (pears)
Ethyl pentanonate (apple)

9

Carboxylic acid

Formic acid (methanoic acid – bee stings)
Vinegar (ethanoic acid)
Salicylic acid (aspirin)

10

Amine

Serotonin (carries signals between nerves)
Adrenaline (fight or flight response)
Histamine (produced my immune system)
Morphine (opioid pain medication)

11

Alkenes

ethene – to make polyethylene for sandwich bags)
Propylene (propene – to make polypropylene for milk jugs)

12

Amide

Amino Acid (building blocks of protein)
Nylon (fabric or yarn)