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Flashcards in Common Medical Prefixes Deck (126):
0

a-

Without; away from Ex) aphasia (without speech)

1

ab-

Away from

2

ad-

Toward

3

allo-

Other, different from usual

4

an-

Without Ex) anoxia (without oxygen)

5

ante-

Before; in front of Ex) antepartum (before birth)

6

anti-

Against Ex) antibiotic (against life)

7

auto-

Self Ex) autograft (graft from ones own skin)

8

bi-

Two

9

brady-

Slow

10

circum-

Around

11

contra-

Against Ex) contraception (against conception)

12

de-

Without

13

dis-

apart

14

dys-

Painful, difficult, abnormal Ex) dyspnea (difficulty breathing)

15

e-

Outward, without

16

en-

Inward

17

endo-

Within; inner

18

epi-

Upon; over Ex) epigastric (on or over the stomach)

19

eso-

Inward Ex) esotropia (inward turning)

20

eu-

Normal; good Ex) eupnea (normal breathing)

21

ex-

External Ex) exostosis (condition of external bone)

22

exo-

Outward Ex) exotropia (outward turning)

23

extra-

Outside of Ex) extracorporeal (outside the body)

24

hemi-

Half

25

hetero-

Different Ex) heterograft (graft from different species)

26

homo-

Same Ex) homograft (graft from the same species)

27

hydro-

Water Ex) hydrotherapy (water therapy)

28

hyper-

Over; excessive Ex) hypertrophy (overdevelopment)

29

hypo-

Under; below Ex) hypodermic (under the skin)

30

in-

Not; inward Ex) infertility (not fertile); inhalation (to breathe in)

31

inter-

Among; between Ex) intervertebral (between the vertebrae)

32

intra-

Within; inside Ex) intravenous (inside a vein)

33

macro-

Large Ex) macrotia (having large ears)

34

micro-

Small Ex) microtia (having small ears)

35

mono-

One

36

multi-

Many

37

myo-

Shut Ex) myopia (to shut eyes or squint)

38

neo-

New Ex) neonatology (study of newborns)

39

nulli-

None

40

pan-

All Ex) pansinusitis (inflammation of all sinuses)

41

para-

Near; abnormal; a pair Ex) paranasal (near the nose); parasthesia (abnormal feeling); paraplegia (paralysis of a pair/ the legs)

42

per-

Through Ex) percutaneous (through the skin)

43

peri-

Around Ex) pericardial (around the heart)

44

poly-

Many

45

post-

After Ex) postpartum (after birth)

46

pre-

Before; in front of Ex) preoperative (before an operation)

47

primi-

First

48

pro-

Before Ex) prolactin (before milk)

49

pseudo-

False Ex) pseudocyesis (false pregnancy)

50

quadri-

Four

51

re-

Again

52

retro-

Backward; behind Ex) retroperitoneal (behind the peritoneum)

53

semi-

Half

54

sub-

Below Ex) subcutaneous (below the skin)

55

supra-

Above Ex) suprapubic (above the public bone)

56

tachy-

Rapid Ex) tachycardia (rapid heartbeat)

57

tetra-

Four

58

trans-

Across

59

tri-

Three

60

ultra-

Beyond; excess Ex) ultrasound (high frequency sound waves)

61

un-

Not, without Ex) unconscious (not conscious)

62

xeno-

Strange

63

Without; away from Ex) aphasia (without speech)

a-

64

Away from

ab-

65

Toward

ad-

66

Other, different from usual

allo-

67

Without Ex) anoxia (without oxygen)

an-

68

Before; in front of Ex) antepartum (before birth)

ante-

69

Against Ex) antibiotic (against life)

anti-

70

Self Ex) autograft (graft from ones own skin)

auto-

71

Two

bi-

72

Slow

brady-

73

Around

circum-

74

Against Ex) contraception (against conception)

contra-

75

Without

de-

76

apart

dis-

77

Painful, difficult, abnormal Ex) dyspnea (difficulty breathing)

dys-

78

Outward, without

e-

79

Inward

en-

80

Within; inner

endo-

81

Upon; over Ex) epigastric (on or over the stomach)

epi-

82

Inward Ex) esotropia (inward turning)

eso-

83

Normal; good Ex) eupnea (normal breathing)

eu-

84

External Ex) exostosis (condition of external bone)

ex-

85

Outward Ex) exotropia (outward turning)

exo-

86

Outside of Ex) extracorporeal (outside the body)

extra-

87

Half

hemi-

88

Different Ex) heterograft (graft from different species)

hetero-

89

Same Ex) homograft (graft from the same species)

homo-

90

Water Ex) hydrotherapy (water therapy)

hydro-

91

Over; excessive Ex) hypertrophy (overdevelopment)

hyper-

92

Under; below Ex) hypodermic (under the skin)

hypo-

93

Not; inward Ex) infertility (not fertile); inhalation (to breathe in)

in-

94

Among; between Ex) intervertebral (between the vertebrae)

inter-

95

Within; inside Ex) intravenous (inside a vein)

intra-

96

Large Ex) macrotia (having large ears)

macro-

97

Small Ex) microtia (having small ears)

micro-

98

One

mono-

99

Many

multi-

100

Shut Ex) myopia (to shut eyes or squint)

myo-

101

New Ex) neonatology (study of newborns)

neo-

102

None

nulli-

103

All Ex) pansinusitis (inflammation of all sinuses)

pan-

104

Near; abnormal; a pair Ex) paranasal (near the nose); parasthesia (abnormal feeling); paraplegia (paralysis of a pair/ the legs)

para-

105

Through Ex) percutaneous (through the skin)

per-

106

Around Ex) pericardial (around the heart)

peri-

107

Many

poly-

108

After Ex) postpartum (after birth)

post-

109

Before; in front of Ex) preoperative (before an operation)

pre-

110

First

primi-

111

Before Ex) prolactin (before milk)

pro-

112

False Ex) pseudocyesis (false pregnancy)

pseudo-

113

Four

quadri-

114

Again

re-

115

Backward; behind Ex) retroperitoneal (behind the peritoneum)

retro-

116

Half

semi-

117

Below Ex) subcutaneous (below the skin)

sub-

118

Above Ex) suprapubic (above the public bone)

supra-

119

Rapid Ex) tachycardia (rapid heartbeat)

tachy-

120

Four

tetra-

121

Across

trans-

122

Three

tri-

123

Beyond; excess Ex) ultrasound (high frequency sound waves)

ultra-

124

Not, without Ex) unconscious (not conscious)

un-

125

Strange

xeno-