Common Pediatric Ilnesses and Exanthems Flashcards Preview

ICM -- Pulmonology > Common Pediatric Ilnesses and Exanthems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Pediatric Ilnesses and Exanthems Deck (14):
1

Varicella rash description

Dew Drops on a rosepetal

2

When is varicella contagious

48 hours before lesion to when they are fully crusted

3

Describe the prodrome of measles

Cough, Corysa, conjunctivities, photophobia, fever for 2-8 days

4

Go to markings assocaited with measles

Koplik's spots (Usually 2 days before rash)
Rash - 4/5 day, morbilliform eruption. Head down, gets palms/soles

5

Describe Koplik's spots

Small irregular bright-red spots with a central bluish-white speck on the buccal mucosa. Next to 2nd molars

6

Complications of Measles?

Resp. Infections
Encephalitis
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis

7

Findings in a rubella patient

Low fever
POSTERIOR cervival and occipital lymphadenopathy
Pink, pinpoint maculopapular rash that starts on face and goes down. Usually lasts 3 days

8

Go to mark of Rubella?

Forchheimer Spots 00 exanthem on the soft pallate (palatal petechiae)

9

Why care about Rubella?

Congenital Syndrome -- Hearing Loss, Mental Retardation, CV defects, Ocular defects
"Blueberry muffin" rash

10

Five Syndromes Associated with B19 Infection

1. Fifth Disease
2. Arthropathy
3. Non-immune hydrops fetalis, miscarriage
4. Transient aplastic crisis w/ chronic hemolytic disorders
5. Chronic pure RBC aplasia in IC individuals

11

Three phases of Erythema Infectiosum (B19)

Slapped Cheeks
Fishnet Erythema
Recurrence of rash after resolution

12

Roseola Infantum important details..

HHV 6,7
High fever for 3-4 days
Pale-pink macular rash appears as patient defervesces

13

Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease Important Details

Coxsackie virus (A16) or Enterovirus (A71)
Sore lesions on mouth, less common on hands-feet

14

Other than HFM disease, Coxsackie A Virus can also cause...

Herpangina
Sore throat, fever
Yellowish-greyish white papulovesicular lesions on the tonsils/uvula/palate