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Flashcards in Common Words Deck (188):
1

Abate

to reduce in amount, degree, or severity - ebb, lapse, let up, moderate, relent, slacken, subside, wane

2

Abscond

to leave secretly - flee, decamp, escape

3

Abyss

very deep hole - chasm, void,

4

Aesthetic

artistic, tasteful

5

Aggrandize

to increase in power, influence, and reputation - amplify, apotheosize, augment, dignify, elevate, enlarge, ennoble, exalt, glorify, magnify swell, uplift, wax

6

Amalgamate

to combine/mix - admix, commingle, commix, fuse, intermingle, intermix, merge, mingle

7

Anachronism

something out of place in time - archaism, incongruity

8

Arbitrate

to judge a dispute between two parties - adjudge, adjudicate, decide, determine, moderate, referee, rule

9

Ardor

intense and passionate feeling - devotion, fervidity, fire, zealousness, enthusiasm, fervency, fervidness, fervor, passion, zeal

10

Archaic

old

11

Austere

severe and stern in appearance - bleak, dour, grim, hard, harsh, severe

12

Banal

predictable - bland, bromidic, commonplace, fatuous, hackneyed, innocuous, insipid, jejune, musty, platitudinous, prosaic, quotidian, shopworn, stale, threadbare, timeworn, tired, trite, vapid

13

Bombastic

pompous in speech and manner - bloated, declamatory, fustian, grandiloquent, grandiose, magniloquent, orotund, pretentious, rhetorical

14

Candid

honest in speech - direct, forthright, frank, sincere, undisguised

15

Castigate

to punish or criticize harshly - admonish, chastise, chide, rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove, scold, tax, upbraid

16

Caustic

biting in wit - acerbic, mordant, trenchant

17

Chauvinist

someone in favor of a group to which he or she belongs

18

Chicanery

deception by means of craft or guile - artifice, conniving, deception, deviousness, pettifoggery, shadiness, sophistry, subterfuge

19

Cogent

convincing - persuasive

20

Condone

to overlook - exculpate, remit

21

Credulous

gullible

22

Decorum

appropriateness of behavior or conduct/propriety - etiquette, mores, seemliness

23

Deference

respect - homage, obeisance, reverence, veneration

24

Desultory

Disconnected - aimless, erratic, haphazard, indiscriminate, objectless, purposeless, stray, unconsidered

25

Diatribe

an abusive, condemnatory speech - fulmination, harangue, jeremiad, malediction, tirade

26

Diffident

lacking self-confidence - bashful, demure, modest, shy, self-effacing

27

Dilatory

intended to delay - dragging, flagging, lagging, slow, laggard, tardy

28

Dilettante

someone with an amaterish and superficial interest in a topic - dabbler, tyro

29

Dirge

mournful speech - elegy, lament

30

Disabuse

to set right - correct

31

Disparate

different - divergent

32

Dissemble

to present a false appearance - affect, assume, cloak, counterfeit, dissimulate, feign, masquerade, pose, simulate

33

Dogma

a firmly held opinion, often a religious belief - creed credo, doctrine, teaching, tenet

34

Dogmatic

dictatorial i one's opinions - authoritarian, dictorial, doctrinaire, domineering, imperious, magisterial, masterful, overbearing, peremptory

35

Dupe

to deceive - beguile, betray, cozen, fool, hoodwink, delude, humbug

36

Eclectic

selecting from or made up from a variety of sources - broad, catholic, diverse

37

Efficacy

effectiveness - dynamism, force, proficiency, vigor

38

Elegy

a sorrowful poem or speech - dirge, lament

39

Eloquent

persuasive and moving - articulate, expressive, meaningful, fluent

40

Enumerate

to count or list - catalog, index, tabulate

41

Esoteric

understood by only a few - abstruse, arcane, obscure

42

Estimable

admirable - commendable, creditable, honorable, laudable, meritorious, venerable

43

Exculpate

to clear from blame - absolve, acquit, exonerate, vindicate

44

Exigent

urgent - critical, imperative

45

Fanatical

acting excessively enthusiastic - fiery, frenzied, zealous

46

Fawn

to grovel - pander, toady

47

Florid

excessively decorated - baroque, flamboyant, ornate, sonorous

48

Iconoclast

one who opposes established beliefs - maverick, rebel

49

Imperturbable

not capable or being disturbed - serene, stoical, impassive, dispassionate, composed

50

Impetuous

quick to act without thinking - precipitate, rash, reckless

51

Implacable

unable to be calmed - inexorable, intransigent, irreconcilable, relentless, remorseless, unforgiving, unrelenting

52

Inchoate

not fully formed, disorganized - amorphous, incoherent,

53

Inimical

hostile, unfriendly - adverse, antagonistic, dissident, recalcitrant

54

Insipid

lacking interest or flavor - banal, stale, vapid, dull

55

Intransigent

uncompromising/refusing to be reconciled - implacable, inexorable, irreconcilable, obdurate, obstinate, remorseless, rigid, unrelenting

56

Inundate

to overwhelm/to cover with water - deluge, flood, submerge, engulf

57

Irascible

easily made angry - cantankerous, irritable, ornery, testy

58

Lament

to grieve - bewail, deplore, mourn

59

Lavish

extremely generous or extravagant - bestow, confer, exuberant, luxuriant, prodigal, profuse, extravagant, opulent, superabundant

60

Malinger

to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill - shirk, slack,

61

Obstinate

stubborn - intransigent, mulish, persistent, pertinacious, tenacious

62

Obviate

to prevent/to make unnecessary - forestall, preclude, prohibit

63

Occlude

to stop up/to prevent the passage of - barricade, obstruct

64

Onerous

troublesome and oppressive - arduous, exacting, formidable, laborious, rigorous

65

Opprobrium

public disgrace - infamy, discredit, disrepute, ignominy, obloquy

66

Paragon

model of excellence or perfection - apotheosis, ideal, standard, quintessence

67

Perfidious

willing to betray one's trust - treacherous

68

Perfunctory

done in a routine way - apathetic, automatic, mechanical

69

Permeate

to penetrate - imbue, infuse, suffuse

70

Plastic

able to be molded or altered - adaptable, fliant, malleable, ductile

71

Pragmatic

practical

72

Plethora

glut, superfluity, surfeit

73

Propitiate

to conciliate, to appease - pacify

74

Propriety

correct behavior - decency, decorum, modesty, seemliness

75

Prudence

wisdom, caution, or restraint - astuteness, frugality, thrift, circumspection, discretion, providence, judiciousness

76

Quiescent

motionless

77

Repudiate

to reject the validity of - deny, disavow, disown, renounce, disclaim

78

Reticent

silent - introverted, taciturn, laconic, undemonstrative

79

Rhetoric

eloquence, oratory

80

Satiate

to satisfy fully or overindulge - cloy

81

Soporific

causing sleep or lethargy - hypnotic, slumberous, somnolent

82

Specious

deceptively attractive - illusory, ostensible, spurious, sophistical, plausible

83

Stolid

unemotional - apathetic, impassive, phlegmatic, stoical, indifferent

84

Sublime

lofty or grand - abstract, divine, exalted, transcendent

85

Veracity

truthfulness - candor, exactitude, probity, fidelity

86

Verbose

wordy - superfluous, loquacious, prolix

87

Vex

to annoy - irk, exasperate, peeve, provoke, chafe, nettle

88

Diffidently

hesitantly due to a lack of self-confidence

89

Sagacious

"wise" or "showing sound judgment,"

90

incorrigible

"unable to be corrected" or "unruly,"

91

intransigent

uncompromising

92

circumspect

cautious and well-considered

93

petulant

rude

94

nonplussed

bewildered

95

contrite

remorseful

96

decorous

proper, tasteful

97

perspicacity

insight

98

encomium

form of praise

99

obloquy

"blame" or "disgrace."

100

pastiche

a work of art made up of other works

101

panegyric

form of praise

102

abrogated

officially revoked

103

interred

buried

104

perquisites

“tips” in the form of “perks or gratuities,”

105

portents

omens

106

fortuitous

showing good luck

107

omniscient

all knowing

108

presage

foreshadow

109

thwart

prevent

110

propitiate

appease

111

nefarious

evil

112

deleterious

harmful

113

apostasies

renunciations of faith

114

dilettantish

lacking expert skill

115

garrulous

talkative

116

macabre

gruesome

117

ornate

made in an intricate shape

118

amiable

friendly

119

precarious

dangerously likely to fall or collapse

120

acumen

the ability to make good judgments and quick decisions, typically in a particular domain

121

shrewdness

the quality of having or showing good powers of judgement

122

elusive

difficult to find, catch, or achieve

123

disinterested

not influenced by considerations of personal advantage; not having interest

124

truculent

displaying ferocity

125

bellicose

eager to fight

126

strident

shrill

127

quotidian

ordinary

128

insuperable

unable to overcome

129

tableau

a striking scene

130

paladin

chivalrous hero

131

portiere

a heavy curtain hung across a doorway

132

disparage

to criticize

133

espouse

promote

134

collusion

working together

135

complicity

working together

136

augment

increase

137

marred

damaged

138

sullied

damaged

139

pugnacious

aggressive

140

stalwart

strongly courageous

141

doughty

strongly courageous

142

despotic

ruled by a single person

143

deportment

behavior

144

vehemence

intensity

145

credence

credibility

146

disquietude

uneasiness

147

connivance

acts of wrongdoing

148

adages

old sayings or proverbs

149

aphorisms

old sayings or short pithy statements

150

reliquaries

containers for relics

151

phylacteries

containers for scriptures

152

adumbrations

foreshadowings or suggestions

153

malapropisms

humorous misuses of words

154

languid

sluggish

155

affable

friendly

156

blandishments

flattery words

157

approbation

approval

158

palaver

flattery, cajolery

159

obloquies

abusive criticisms

160

prolixity

verbosity, wordiness

161

tacit

implied without direct expression

162

apocryphal

of doubtful authenticity

163

calumnious

slanderous

164

categorical

unconditional

165

acrimony

hostility

166

impertinence

insolence, audacity

167

extol

praise

168

regales

delights

169

subverts

undermines

170

inculcated

indoctrinated, teach (a person or group) to accept a set of beliefs uncritically

171

elucidated

clarified

172

imbued

invested with

173

indelible

unable to be removed

174

gratuitous

uncalled-for

175

ululate

to howl

176

preponderance

prevalence

177

despondency

despair

178

artifice

clever trick

179

monolith

something having a massive and uniform structure

180

abrogated

formally revoke

181

equivocate

to avoid the truth

182

prevaricate

to avoid the truth

183

repudiate

to refuse to accept

184

regnant

widespread

185

fugacious

fleeting

186

myopic

shortsighted

187

miserly

lacking in generosity

188

obtuse

slow to understand