Computer and Operating Systems Fundamentals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Computer and Operating Systems Fundamentals Deck (36):
1

What entails how we communicate and manage data?

Information systems.

2

What part of client systems includes the physical aspect of computers, telecommunications,
and other devices, to include the interconnect devices?

Hardware.

3

What devices are mostly small, lightweight, and designed for mobile use?

Handhelds.

4

Any hardware added to a computer that expands its capabilities is referred to as a/an

peripheral.

5

Which of the following is not one of the three types of interfaces?

Graphical.

6

The transfer of eight bits of data simultaneously through eight separate lines in a single cable
is a function of a

parallel port.

7

What program translates commands between a device and the programs that use the device?

Driver.

8

The term used to refer to the process of launching the OS is the

boot.

9

What program sets up the divisions of memory that hold the operating system, user
information and applications?

The bootstrap loader.

10

What describes how a computer finds a specific byte it is looking for in memory?

Memory addressing.

11

How many bits long are the addresses that computer instructions work with?

16.

12

Which type of memory stores configuration information, and is used by the BIOS during
system boot up?

Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor memory.

13

What type of memory is nonvolatile, considered permanent, and is also called firmware in
reference to the data and instructions stored?

ROM.

14

This type of memory is blank and instructions can be placed on permanently.

PROM.

15

Which type of memory is used to duplicate frequently used information stored elsewhere or
computed earlier, because the original data is time consuming to retrieve or to compute?

Cache.

16

Which term describes that data is whole or complete?

Data integrity.

17

Which is a very simple example of an error detecting code?

Parity bit.

18

What data integrity method is used in high-end personal computers and file servers?

Error correction code memory.

19

Reading and storing a document on a hard disk or some other storage medium for
processing at a more convenient time is called

spooling.

20

A spooled print job be several times larger than the printed document size because of the
conversion to the

printer’s language.

21

A static internet protocol address on a network printer during hardware configuration is
used for

print job locating.

22

Printer hardware configuration via the web is done through

hypertext transfer protocol.

23

What type of printer software configuration option requires a new port to be created?

TCP/IP printing.

24

Which of these is not a prominent characteristic of an operating system?

The way it processes.

25

Which of the below is not a type of computer user interface?

Application driven interface.

26

Which hardware requirement is defined as the model and the clock speed of the CPU?

Processing power.

27

What should be done before anything else, once the operating system installation is
complete?

Install antivirus.

28

The specifications that should be met, if not exceeded, to ensure a computer is compatible
as well as powerful enough to run an operating system without constant problems is for the
computer to have the minimum

hardware.

29

What are minor software updates or improvements called?

Patches.

30

What is the simplest and most efficient way to duplicate a computer’s software, with no loss
of files or configurations within the programs?

Imaging software.

31

How many byte sectors is a hard disk divided into?

512.

32

The first sector at the beginning of a hard drive is called the master

boot record.

33

A formatted disk partition that is used for a particular file system is called

a volume.

34

Which file system is the best choice for data storage if the server is a dedicated Windows
server?

NTFS.

35

What physical structure component is a collection of Internet Protocol subnet ranges?

Site.

36

By default, the first domain controller in active directory service is a

global catalog.