Congenital Heart Diseases/ Buzz Words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Congenital Heart Diseases/ Buzz Words Deck (13):
1

What is a probe-patent foramen ovale? How common is it?

About 20% of individuals have a membranous flap of tissue over the foramen ovale that can be opened by pushing a probe on it.

2

What happens if pressures on the right side of the heart change in a person with probe-patent foramen ovale?

Eisenmenger complex: If right side heart pressure increases, deoxygenated blood can be pushed into the left atria from the right atria (skip the lungs)

3

Where are ostium secundum defects located?

smooth-walled defects near the foramen ovale (90% of ASDs)

4

Where are ostium primum defects located? What are they associated with?

occur at the lowest part of the atrial septum (associated with mitral and tricuspid valve abnormalities)

5

Where are sinus venosus defects located?

located high in the atrial septum

6

What are the 4 components of Tetralogy of Fallot?

(1) VSD
(2) overriding aorta
(3) pulmonic stenosis
(4) RV hypertrophy

7

What are the most common acyanotic congenital heart diseases?

VSD
ASD
PDA
Pulmonic stenosis
Aortic stenosis

8

What are the most common cyanotic congenital heart diseases?

Tetralogy of Fallot
Transposition of the arteries
Truncus Arteriosus
(things that start with T except for hypoplastic left heart)

9

Buzz words: Mitral Valve Prolapse.

Common
Benign
Midsystolic click
+/- regurgitation

10

Buzz words: Marantic Endocarditis.

Common
Thrombi on Valves
Precursor to infective Endocarditis

11

Buzz words: Libman-Sacks Endocarditis.

Part of SLE
Most common in young, black females
RARELY embolizes

12

Buzz words: Infective Endocarditis.

Uncommon
Fatal if Missed
Heart murmurs
Blood cultures

13

Buzz words: calcific aortic stenosis.

Common
Male
Systolic Ejection Murmur
Onset of symptoms= time for valve replacement