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Flashcards in Construction Deck (71):
1

The natural or artificial movement of water from a given area. The site must have proper ______and be properly graded so that Rainwater is directed away from the property.

Drainage

2

If the shape of the lot prohibits proper placement of the well and septic area, the building payment may not be issued to commence construction.

Distance between well and septic

3

Improving property Orlando by adding plantings, trees, bushes, etc.

Landscaping

4

The amount of shade property receives depending on how the structure is situated on it.

Shading

5

The fair housing act sets a minimum standard for ______Buildings must be accessible by those with disabilities. Also certain neighborhoods may require specific types of _____.

Walkways

6

•Basic structure on which the rest of the house sits.
•Either concrete slab, peer and beams, crawlspace, or basement.
•_____ walls support the structure. Typically made of poured concrete, concrete block, or brick.

Foundation

7

The underground base, usually concrete, that supports the foundation. Local building codes dictate how _____ must be built.

Footers

8

The basic loadbearing skeleton of a structure.

Framing

9

Commonly used type of framing in which the house or building is constructed one-story at a time.

Platform

10

Type of framing with long studs going up the entire length of the house

Balloon

11

Long piece of wood, metal, concrete, etc.

Beams

12

Vertical been used to frame a structure

Studs

13

Long, horizontal beams of wood or steel that span the piers of the foundation or loadbearing walls of the roof.

Joists

14

Steel support columns filled with concrete; used for interior

Lally columns

15

Bottom piece of the frame that is anchored horizontally to the foundation and provides a nailing surface for the floor or wall system; first layer of wood that starts construction of the house.

Sill plate

16

A sloped support beam that follows the pitch of the roof and holds the outer covering

A roof rafter

17

Horizontal beam at the top of the roof

Rafters

18

The slope of the roof; it's vertical rise in inches, divided by the horizontal span in feet.

Pitch

19

The lowest section of the roof that projects the on the side walls

Eave

20

The underside of an arch, being, overhang, or eave. It is often ventilated to provide airflow to the attic.

Soffit

21

The panel or board facing the outer edge of the soffit

Fascia

22

Structural covering placed over a building frame's exterior wall studs or roof rafters.

Sheathing

23

Often made of vinyl, wood, steel, or aluminum, added to the exterior walls.

Siding

24

Items hidden by finished walls, but that are vital to the operation of the house.

Rough-ins

25

Gypsum plaster sandwiched between two layers of coarse paper. Also called drywall, plasterboard, or sheet rock.

Wall board

26

A way to measure the insulating resistance to heat flow through the material or object.

R-Factor

27

_____ Is R-factor multiplied by the amount of material. The more effective the insulation, the higher its_____ .

R-value

28

Made from mineral fiber such as fiberglass, enclosed in paper covering. Often comes in a premeasured width to pair with standard stud, joist, or rafter spacing.

Blanket insulation

29

Starts as a liquid, but expand into a plastic salad. Works well for insulating irregularly spaced shapes.

Foamed-in insulation

30

Made of fiber pellets or lose fibers. Good at fitting small, tight areas. Is blown into an area, often the attic.

Loose-fill or blown in insulation

31

Made of a fibrous material such as fiberglass of polyurethane. Commonly used on basement walls and comes in a variety of thickness.

Rigid insulation

32

Has a reflective surface that either contains or resists heat to keep the space warm or cool. Used between rafters, joists, or stud walls.

Reflective insulation

33

This system consist of a boiler, pipes, and convections or radiators. It relies on the process of heating and cooling of liquid to heat at home.

Hot water

34

This system needs a boiler, pipes, and convector or radiators. _____ is produced in the boiler and moves through the pipes to convectors or radiators that release_____ into the room. Often found in older buildings.

Steam

35

Most commonly used today, this system includes a furnace with a blower, heat source (ie, gas, oil, electricity), distribution ducts and return air ducts.

Forced warm air

36

Relies on the windows and natural airflow through cracks in the building for ventilation

Natural ventilation

37

Uses bathroom and kitchen exhaust fans

Spot or source point ventilation

38

Requires the use of two fans: one to remove moist and polluted air and a second to replace the air being vented with fresh air.

Balanced ventilation

39

Uses an exhaust fan to remove it from the property. An equal amount of fresh air enters either by way of intentional openings or through random holes in the structure.

Exhaust ventilation

40

Uses either a supply fan or a forced-air heating/cooling fan to deliver fresh air and, in some cases, pressurize the property.

Supply ventilation

41

It's components include, the condenser, condenser fan, compressor, evaporator and blower, and liquid refrigerant.

Air-conditioning

42

Is used to measure heating capacity, to determine the appropriate size of the furnace or air conditioner needed, knowing how many_____ the house loses per hour is essential.

British thermal unit (BTU)

43

Requires a system of pipes for water supply and drainage. The piping includes cold water lines, hot water lines, and waste water lines (sewer lines). Gas lines are often included as part of the _____ system.

Pipe size of affects water pressure. Building codes offer standard for maximum and minimum water pressure.

Plumbing

44

•cast-iron
•galvanized
•copper
•brass
•PVD
•PEX

Types of typing

45

These do not retain water in the traditional tank. Instead, the heating coil is installed in the boiler or furnace through which the water flows. These are more energy efficient since they do not heat water continuously, only when hot water is needed.

Tankless water heaters

46

This is an underground power supply line

Service lateral

47

The aboveground wirelines going from the service pole to a building.

Service drop

48

The measurement of force that pushes electricity through a wire.

Voltage

49

Is the amount of electricity going through a wire measured in amps.

Amperage

50

Specially grounded outlets which turns power off at the outlet instantly if the device or appliance plug into gets wet, shorts out, or malfunctions.

Ground fault interrupters GFI

51

Two measurements for power consumption

Watts or kilowatts

52

Device usually located in side the electrical breaker panel or circuit breaker box, designed to break it's electrical connection should an overload occur.

Circuit breaker

53

Protective devices for wiring system that contain a wire designed to melt and open the circuit when overheating occurs.

Fuses

54

Type of armored cable, which is a grouping of wires wrapped in the metallic covering.

BX cable

55

Cable wrapped in plastic that contains two or more conductors; is relatively easy to install and cost-effective.

Romex

56

Electric wiring enclosed in a metal or plastic pipe, can be flexible or rigid

Conduit

57

Type of flexible conduit; not designed to be used in wet areas.

Greenfield

58

Is connected to the ground for safety, limiting voltage build up and providing an alternate route for electrical current flow.

Grounded circuit

59

Have one larger slot then the other so items can be plugged in only one way. One slot is hot/live the other side is neutral. By limiting the path of the electrical current, the risk of electrocution is reduced.

Polarized outlets

60

This law indicates that home-improvement contracts exceeding $500 should contain:

•approximate work dates begin/end
•description of the work to be performed
•notice to the owner from the contractor about mechanical liens
•notice to owner that owner has to midnight of third business day after the contract has been signed cancel contract

New York general business law 36A-B

61

This law provides information on laws governing a new home and warranties include:

•One year for workmanship
•to use for mechanical systems, such as plumbing, and electrical heating/ventilation/air conditioning/
•six years for material defects

New York's general business law 36-B

62

Under This law a home-improvement also provides information on penalty for fraud including:

An owner who signed a contract with fraudulent terms or statements may sue a contractor for a penalty of $500 plus attorneys fees in addition to other damages.

The General business law 36-A

63

Deepest earth that the ground freezes in winter

Freeze line

64

The rate at which water moves through soil

Percolation rate

65

Shows the proposed layout of the property site, including the buildings position.

Plot plan

66

Added to cover joints where two or more types of materials join together for the purpose of preventing water from penetrating the joint i.e. metal over the seam between the brick and chimney and shingle roof.

Flashing

67

Concrete foundation built correctly on the ground

Slab -on-grade construction

68

This type of construction allows for higher heights and wider rooms.

Post and beam construction

69

Walls that carry the load for the roof, ceiling, and or floors.

Bearing walls

70

These pieces of wood are used to keep support when a openings like doors and windows are installed:

Headers

71

These beams provide additional support for roof and ceiling

Fitch Beams