Flashcards in Contracts - Defenses & Remedies Deck (13):
Both parties are mistaken about a material element that goes to the heart/essence of the bargain. Remedy: Rescission.
K enforceable against mistaken party unless non-mistaken party knew or should have known of the other's mistake.
Anti Assignment Clause
Assignor doesn't have to consult the other party to the K. Assignment can't have any effect on the duties of the other party to the K, & can't reduce the possibility of the other party receiving full performance of the same quality ie. certain kinds of performance can't be assigned, because they create a unique relationship between the parties to the K.
Implied in Law K
Legal substitute for a K formed to impose equity between two parties. K should have been
formed, even though in actuality it was not.
Implied in Fact K
Agreement founded on a meeting of the minds, so although not embodied in an express K, is inferred from the conduct of the parties.
Remedy used to enforce a K for the sale of a
unique item of personal property or real property.
An act or an event (other than the lapse of time) that must occur first before a party is under a duty to perform.
Ks w/ Minors
Minors are regarded as not having sufficient capacity to comprehend questions involving contractual rights. A person dealing with a minor does so at his own peril and subject to the right of the minor to avoid the K. Not voidable: Taxes, Penalties, Bank regulations, Military, Necessaries (food, clothing, shelter)
Statute of Frauds
Some things, in order to be enforceable need to be in writing.
•Year (1) (Ks that can't be performed in less than 1 yr)
•Land (exception: part performance)
•Guarantee (or suretyship) (exception: main purpose rule)
•Sale of goods ($500+)
Main Purpose Rule
An oral promise to answer for the debt of another is
enforceable if the promisor’s main purpose is to further his own economic advantage.
Parol Evidence Rule (used at trial)
Once the parties have reduced their agreement to a
writing, evidence of any prior oral, written or
contemporaneous oral agreements is inadmissible to alter, vary, or contradict the terms of the writing. (May come in to supplement or explain terms.)
Parol Evidence Rule Exceptions
Allows contemporaneous oral agreements to prevent: