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Flashcards in Court Cases Deck (20)
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1

Marbury v. Madison

"Judicial Review"

2

Gibbons v. Ogden

Congressional control over interstate commerce

3

Worcester v. Georgia

Cherokee nation was a sovereign district nation

4

Dred Scott v. Sandford

Upheld slaves as property
Led to the Civil War

5

Plessy v. Ferguson

"Separate but Equal" Segregation

6

Lemon v. Kurtzman

Established the "Lemon Test"
(whether a law or other government action that might promote a particular religious practice)

7

Minersville School District v. Gobitis

"National Cohesion" (Requires students to salute the US Flag regardless of religious exemptions)

8

WV State Board of Education v. Barnette

Upholds "Freedom of Speech" (Removes the requirement to salute the US Flag)

9

Gillette v. United States

"Conscience Objection" (To avoid the draft, individuals would have to object to all wars)

10

Sherbert v. Verner

Established the "Sherbert Test" ("Compelling Government Interest" and "Narrowly Tailored")

11

Department of Human Resource of Oregon v. Smith

Narrowed the "Sherbert Test"

12

Obergefell v. Hodges

Legalized "Gay Marriage" under the 4th amendment and "Equal Protections Clause" of the 14th Amendment

13

Texas v. Johnson

Legalized burning of the US Flag under "Freedom of Speech"

14

Tinker v. Des Moines

Upheld rights of symbolic protesting in public schools

15

Cohen v. California

Upheld the freedom of "Silent Expression"

16

Miller v. California

Establishment of the "Miller Test" to determine obscenity.

17

Roe v. Wade

Upheld women's right to an abortion under the "Right to Privacy"

18

Branzburg v. Hayes

Restriction of "Free Speech" for "National Security"

19

United States v. Windsor

Struck down part of DOMA applying to Federal Benefits

20

United States v. Lopez

Struck down "No Gun School Zone Law" as unconstitutional