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Flashcards in CP English Mythology Deck (77)
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1
Q

Europe

A

A girl that Zeus loved, Zeus turned into a white bull and took her to Crete, their offspring are Rhadamanthus Minos and sarpedon

2
Q

Prometheus

A

He was punished by Zeus because he stole fire for human

3
Q

Io

A

Zeus’s lover she was turned into a white bull by Zeus or Hera

4
Q

Argus

A

A monster with a hundred of eye, who was made the guardian of the heifer io, after he was kill by Hermes his eyes were transferred to peacock’ tail

5
Q

Pandora

A

The first women on earth, created by Hephaestus on order from Zeus who presented her to epimetheus along with a box filled with evil

6
Q

Psyche

A

A girl loved by Cupid, who became the personification of soul

7
Q

Cupid

A

The son of Venus, he has two arrow the gold one can make people fall in love and the lead one can make people heat others

8
Q

Pyramus and Thisbe

A

They were lovers, but their family forbidden them to be together, one day they want to see others, but when Thisbe was waiting there is a tiger so she run away but Pyramus think she was died so he kill himself, when Thisbe found out she kill her self with same sword

9
Q

What does the story of Psyche and Cupid tell

A

If there is no trust, love cannot stay

10
Q

Who is Pygmalion

A

The king of sai pu Lu si, who in love with his crave

11
Q

The story between Orpheus and his Eurydice

A

Eurydice is Orpheus wife, but she died because of snake’s bite, to Orpheus went to underworld to bring her back, but hades said Orpheus cannot see her until they return to up world, but Orpheus see her , so she back to death

12
Q

Visible Action

A

The action u can see

13
Q

Mental action

A

The action u can’t c, like think.

14
Q

Transitive verb

A

The verb that is follow by object, eg: The host interviewed Sue.

15
Q

What does adj describe?

A

another person or thing

16
Q

Possessive adj

A

My, its, your, our, his, their, her.

17
Q

Demonstrative adj

A

This, that , these, those

18
Q

Interrogative adj

A

Which, what, whose

19
Q

Indefinite adj

A

Another, both, all, everyone, any one

20
Q

Linking verb

A

Be verb, 感官动词,remain, stay

21
Q

Helping verb

A

Do, have, shall, will, can, may, musth

22
Q

Antecedent and pronoun

A

Antecedent is the thing that pronoun describe

23
Q

Personal pronoun

A

I, me, my, mine

24
Q

Reflexive and intensive pronoun

A

Myself, the different is reflexive pronoun is just after verb, intensive pronoun is just after subject

25
Q

Demonstrative pronoun

A

This, that

26
Q

Relative pronoun

A

Which, 做从句开头

27
Q

Interrogative pronoun

A

What, 做问句开头

28
Q

Indefinite pronoun

A

Another both all anyone

29
Q

Common noun

A

Normal thing

30
Q

Proper noun

A

专有名词

31
Q

Concrete noun

A

实在的名词

32
Q

Abstract noun

A

无法触摸的一类名词

33
Q

Narcissus and Echo

A

Echo loved Narcissus, but Narcissus think he was the most handsome man in the world so he refuse Echo’s love, so Echo was so sad that died, left voice repeat people’s voice. Nemesis was angry, she let Narcissus to fall in love with his own reflection.

34
Q

Jason and Argonaut

A

They found the Golden Fleece of ram

35
Q

Phaethon

A

He asked his father Helios to borrow the sun for one day, but he can’t control the horses so he cause a big fire on the earth, then he was kill by Zeus’s thunderbolt

36
Q

Pegasus and Bellerophon

A

Athena gave Bellerophon a golden bridle that allowed him to fame Pegasus. Bellerophon defeat the Chimaera

37
Q

Chimaera

A

Lion head, goat body, serpent tail, breath fire

38
Q

Daedalus and Icarus

A

希腊工匠和他儿子, 翅膀

39
Q

Perseus and Danae

A

Danae was said her son will kill he father, so Danae was locked. Zeus came along, and have Perseus with Danae. When king found he was angry, he tried to kill Perseus by sea, but later he was saved, and killed his grandfather

40
Q

Perseus and Medusa

A

He was saved, but the king loved his mother, inorder to get ride of Perseus, he want him to get Medusa’s head. Athena gave him a flying saddles, helmet and a bag. Hermes told him to find Graeae three witches (share eye). They told Perseus where Medusa is, after Perseus killed Medusa, Pegasus and 克律撒呃尔 out of Medusa’s blood from head

41
Q

Perseus and Andromedo

A

He saved Andromedo from Ceto a sea monster

42
Q

Theseus

A

Kill the Minotaur

43
Q

Theseus and Ariadne

A

Ariadne advise Theseus to get out of 迷宫. When they run out together, Athena told Theseus to abundant Ariadne, and then Ariadne was saved by another god and became a godness

44
Q

Aegeus

A

Theseus’ father was jumped into sea because he though Theseus is died

45
Q

Hercules

A

Son of Zesus and Alkmene, Hera hate him

46
Q

The twelve labor

A

King eurystheus of mycone gives him twelve penances he must perform

47
Q

Nemean lion

A

It’s a very hard lion, Hercules stunned the beast with his club and using his immense strength, strangled it to died

48
Q

Hydra

A

A snack that had nine heads, Hercules kill it by bern it’s neck so that it won’t have new head anymore

49
Q

Arcadian

A

Hercules ran all over the world to caught the stag, and take it back

50
Q

Erymanthean boar

A

Heracules chase the boar into the track

51
Q

Augean stables

A

Erymanthean stable is very dirty, Hercules change the path of a river to clean it

52
Q

Stymphalian birds

A

He drive away the bird

53
Q

Minos’ bull

A

Hercules defeat it

54
Q

Mares of diomedes

A

He use human body to feed the mares

55
Q

Queen Hippolyta

A

He bring back the girdle of queen

56
Q

Cattle of Greyson

A

He took it away

57
Q

Man-eating horse of king diomedes

A

He obtain it

58
Q

Cerberus

A

Hercules bring Cerberus from hades

59
Q

Golden apple(Hercules )

A

Hercules go to see atlas, atlas help him to find golden apple, but Hercules had to help him to take the world, when he return, he didn’t want to take the earth back, Hercules told him to carry it for few minutes and he need something help him to carry, but when Hercules gone and never return

60
Q

Trojan War

A

Eris wasn’t invited to Peleus and Thetis ‘wedding. So she took out a golden apple with the word “to most beautiful goodness “. Athena Hera and Aphrodite wre argued who was this apple belong to. They ask Zeus, Zeus ask a man named Paris. The godnesses offered him different thing, Athena offer strategy, Hera offer king of Asia and Europe, Aphrodite offered the most beautiful women in the world,Helen , daughter of Peleus and Thetis. Paris choose Helen, but she was married to Menelaus. King of Sparta. So Sparta started a wor with Paris country Troy.

61
Q

Priam and his family

A

He is the king of Troy, hercub is his wife, hector is his eldest son and greatest warrior in Troy. His daughter named Cassandra.

62
Q

Agamemnon and Menelaus

A

Agamemnon is leader of Greek expedition against Troy . He was the king of Mycene. When Heinrich Schliemann discovered Mycene he found this gold burial mask that he believed belonged to Agamemnon. Menelaus is the rightful husband of Helen.

63
Q

Odysseus

A

The people who advise Troy hourse.

64
Q

Achilles

A

is the son of Thetis and Peleus .出生浸冥河, 露足梗,killed by Paris at his heel

65
Q

Aeneas

A

Son of Venus, he carry his blind father out when the Tory was over. He and his follower established themselves near Rome

66
Q

Tantalus

A

Tantalus feed god with his son Pelops, Zeus bring him back but can fixed his shoulder

67
Q

Niobe

A

Tantalus’s daughter, she always said she had the greats children in the world, but her 12children died one by one. She can’t stop crying Zeus trun her into stone

68
Q

Agamemnon return

A

Kill by his wife and her lover, because he kill his daughter

69
Q

Orestes and Electra

A

They help each to 复仇for their father

70
Q

Klytaimestra

A

Twin sister of Helen, wife of alkmene, kill his husband with her lover, killed by her son Orestes

71
Q

Aegisthus

A

He is klytaimestra’s lover

72
Q

Cadmus

A

屠龙, 种龙牙, 龙牙长出战士,战士撕杀剩五

73
Q

Semele and Dionysus

A

Selene is Cadmus daughter, Dionysus is her son, Zeus is his father. 在一神话版本中,塞墨勒是宙斯的女祭司,一次,她在祭坛上宰杀一条公牛后,到阿索波斯(Asopus)河中清洗身上的血迹,正好被变成一只老鹰飞过那里的宙斯看到,就此爱上了她。此后又多次与她幽会[5]。

宙斯的妻子赫拉发现此事后非常嫉妒,她假扮成一位奶娘[6],接近塞墨勒,当听到她讲宙斯是她的情人时,假装不信,怂恿塞墨勒要求宙斯以奥林匹斯山神的雄伟姿态来看她,以证明他的神性和对她的忠贞。当时,宙斯因急于讨好心爱之人,而向塞墨勒发誓,她提出的一切要求一定有求必应。虽然宙斯曾恳求她不要提这个要求,但在她一再坚持下,宙斯只好遵守诺言。宙斯也试图只向她显示最小的威力。然而,凡人仰视宙斯就会即遭焚毁。顿时,霹雳闪电大发,立即将塞墨勒烧死[7]。

宙斯从塞墨勒腹中救出胎儿,把他缝在自己的大腿里,因此,宙斯走路有此瘸,狄俄倪索斯这个名字即由此而来,意为“宙斯瘸子”。几个月后狄俄倪索斯出生了,这就是常讲他“出生二次”的原缘[8]。

狄俄倪索斯长大后,从地狱[9]中救出他的母亲并使她成为一位奥林匹斯山上的女神,改名为梯俄涅(Thyone),在她儿子的酒神节上使人发疯[10]。

74
Q

Agave

A

哈耳摩尼亞以其於婚禮所收項鍊而為人熟悉。當雅典娜授底比斯予卡德摩斯管治時,宙斯則許哈耳摩尼亞為其妻,諸神亦齊來同賀。新娘穿上由赫淮斯托斯(或歐羅巴[6])所做的一領無袖長袍和項鍊。該項鍊就是為人帶來不幸的「哈耳摩尼亞項鍊」,亦有說指此項鍊是由其他神祇(阿芙羅黛蒂或雅典娜[7])所贈。

75
Q

Pentheus

A

彭透斯(英语:Pentheus)。[1]古希腊神话男性人物之一。底比斯君主。其事迹见于古希腊欧里庇得斯的悲剧作品。从祖父卡德摩斯中获得王位,旋即禁止狄俄尼索斯崇拜。遂招至报复与打击。亦于相关古典作家之记述中得到反映。

76
Q

Ino

A

伊诺(英语:Ino)。[1]古希腊神话女性人物之一。底比斯王后。出身平民,曾参加支援奥德修斯之活动。其事迹常见于古典作家之相关著述。

77
Q

Phrixus

A

國王阿塔瑪斯(Athamas)和妻子涅斐勒有一段不愉快的婚姻,於是另娶底比斯国王卡德摩斯(Cadmus)之女伊諾(Ino)為妻,可是伊諾虐待阿塔瑪斯的兩個孩子弗里克索斯(Phrixus,男)和赫勒(Helle,女),又將城內的禾稈燒清。阿塔瑪斯請求神諭,然而伊諾從中作梗,令阿塔瑪斯以為必須犧牲兒子弗里克索斯方可消弭惡運。

阿塔瑪斯帶弗里克索斯到拉菲斯丹山頂,準備將他獻給宙斯。前妻涅斐勒差遣金羊克律索马罗斯救弗里克索斯,弗里克索斯逃脫並帶著妹妹赫勒騎上羊身飛向東面的科爾基斯(Colchis,今格魯吉亞),怎料赫勒一時大意脫手直墜河中,到了科爾基斯,弗里克索斯把金羊送給科爾基斯国王埃厄忒斯(Aeetes),埃厄忒斯也禮尚往來把女兒卡爾基奧佩(Chalciope)賜予弗里克索斯。

王阿塔瑪斯(Athamas)和妻子涅斐勒有一段不愉快的婚姻,於是另娶底比斯国王卡德摩斯(Cadmus)之女伊諾(Ino)為妻,可是伊諾虐待阿塔瑪斯的兩個孩子弗里克索斯(Phrixus,男)和赫勒(Helle,女),又將城內的禾稈燒清。阿塔瑪斯請求神諭,然而伊諾從中作梗,令阿塔瑪斯以為必須犧牲兒子弗里克索斯方可消弭惡運。

阿塔瑪斯帶弗里克索斯到拉菲斯丹山頂,準備將他獻給宙斯。前妻涅斐勒差遣金羊克律索马罗斯救弗里克索斯,弗里克索斯逃脫並帶著妹妹赫勒騎上羊身飛向東面的科爾基斯(Colchis,今格魯吉亞),怎料赫勒一時大意脫手直墜河中,到了科爾基斯,弗里克索斯把金羊送給科爾基斯国王埃厄忒斯(Aeetes),埃厄忒斯也禮尚往來把女兒卡爾基奧佩(Chalciope)賜予弗里克索斯。
後來,弗里克索斯父亲的兄弟克瑞透斯之子珀利阿斯(Pelias)奪去侄儿伊阿宋的皇位,弗里克索斯死後,鬼魂回到希臘纏著珀利阿斯,珀利阿斯無可奈何推搪若伊阿宋找到金羊毛,就會讓位。這引致後來伊阿宋乘阿格號(Argonauts)之歷險。

伊阿宋千辛萬苦到達科爾基斯,問埃厄忒斯金羊毛之所在卻被拒諸門外,幸好埃厄忒斯之女美狄亚暗戀伊阿宋。入夜,美狄亚引走看守之巨蛇,伊阿宋則乘機偷走金羊毛,而後來金羊毛就被掛在宙斯之神殿前。

后来宙斯将金羊提升到天上,便成为了白羊星座。