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Flashcards in CRIM 5 Deck (25)
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1

- an anti-social behavior or act which does not conform with the standards of society
- youth behavior which is against the norms and regulations of society which if left unchecked would give rise to criminality
- describes a large number of disapproved behavior of children or youth
- anti-social acts or behavior of children which deviate from the normal pattern of rules and regulations, custom and culture which society does not accept and which therefore justify some kind of admonition, punishment or corrective measures in the public interest

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY

2

- a child or a young person, who, under the legal system may be dealt with for an offense in a manner different from that of an adult
- persons below the age of majority, that is, below eighteen years old

JUVENILE

3

AGE OF MAJORITY

- majority commences at the age of eighteen (18) years

4

- freedom from parental authority, both over his person and property
- happens upon reaching the age of eighteen years

EMANCIPATION

5

- the law amending the age of majority
- lowered the age of majority from twenty-one (21) to eighteen (18) years
- approved on 13 December 1989

RA 6809

6

- one whose behavior has brought him into repeated conflict with the law regardless whether he has been taken before a court and adjudged a delinquent
- one who has committed an offense that violated the approved norms of conduct and is guilty of a misdeed

DELINQUENT

7

- certain acts or omissions which may not be punishable socially or legally if committed by adults but become anti-social or illegal because the offender is a minor,

Status offense

8

a) truancy, or frequent, unreasonable absenteeism from school
b) use of profane language
c) running away from home
d) smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages
e) disobedience to parents, guardians or school officials
f) mendicancy or begging in the streets
g) association with delinquent gangs

STATUS OFFENSE

9

- characterized by disobedience to, or disrespect for, authorities

ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOR

10

father of the country

PARENS PATRIAE

11

- the doctrine that does not consider delinquent acts as criminal violation, thus making delinquents non-criminal persons and cannot be found guilty of a crime and punished like an adult criminal
- views minor who violate the laws as victims of improper care, custody and treatment at home
- assumption by the State of the role of guardian over children whose parents are deemed incapable or unworthy
- the authority of the state to act on behalf of the children

PARENS PATRIAE

12

THREE TYPES OF DELIQUENCY

1) ENVIRONMENTAL DELINQUENTS
2) EMOTIONALLY MALADJUSTED DELINQUENTS
3) PSYCHIATRIC DELINQUENTS

13

- characterized by occasional law-breaking

1) ENVIRONMENTAL DELINQUENTS

14

- characterized by chronic law-breaking, a habit which this type cannot avoid or escape from

2) EMOTIONALLY MALADJUSTED DELINQUENTS

15

- characterized by serious emotional disturbances within the individual and in some cases associated with tendencies towards mental illness

3) PSYCHIATRIC DELINQUENTS

16

TYPES OF DELINQUENT YOUTH

1) SOCIAL
2) NEUROTIC
3) ASOCIAL
4) ACCIDENTAL

17

- an aggressive youth who resents authority of anyone who makes an effort to control his behavior

Social delinquent youth

18

- one who has internalized his conflicts and is preoccupied with his own feelings

Neurotic Delinquent Youth

19

- one whose delinquent acts have a cold, brutal and vicious quality for which the youth feels no remorse

ASOCIAL delinquent youth

20

- one who is essentially sociable and law-abiding but happens to be at the wrong time and place and becomes involved in delinquent acts not typical of his general behavior

Accidental delinquent youth

21

DIFFERENT APPROACHES IN THE STUDY OF DELINQUENCY

1) BIOGENIC APPROACH
2) PSYCHOGENIC APPROACH
3) SOCIOGENIC APPROACH

22

- gives an explanation that law violations and delinquency are a result of some physical defects

1) BIOGENIC APPROACH

23

- argues that the critical factors in delinquency are personality problems to which misbehavior is presumed to be the response

2) PSYCHOGENIC APPROACH

24

- attributes delinquency pattern to social structures
- views youthful misdeed as a result of a learning process through interactions with other members of society

3) SOCIOGENIC APPROACH

25

DIFFERENT THEORIES CONCERNING DELINQUENCY
CHOICE THEORY

BIOSOCIAL OR TRAIT THEORIES  
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES