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Flashcards in Crisis Management Deck (63)
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1

What type of bulk explosives detection technology is often built into fixed sites, sometimes in a building all to itself?

High energy x-ray, or GammaRay devices that use radioactivity rather than an x-ray tube. These are often used for detection of explosives in vehicles and cargo containers.

2

For effective bulk explosives detection, how often must a person be screened by low-dose backscatter x-ray devices?

Twice.

3

What bulk explosives detection technology works by determining the nitrogen content of a material via detecting gamma rays of a specific wavelength?

Thermal neutron activation devices.

4

What bulk explosives detection technology uses pulsed low energy radio waves to determine the presence of nitrogen rich materials?

Quadrupole resonance.

5

What are the main types of trace explosives detection?

Ion mobility spectrometry,
Colorimetry,
Chemiluminescence,
Mass spectrometry,
Florescence,
Canine olfaction.

6

What technology is considered the gold standard of trace explosives detection but is hampered by high costs, high maintenance requirements, and the need for expert operators?

Mass spectrometry.

7

The logical beginning of emergency management is developing a plan that does what four things?

Defines emergency in terms relevant to the organization,
Establishes an organization to perform emergency related tasks,
Establishes a method for using available resources and obtaining additional resources in an emergency.
Provides a means for moving operations into and back out of emergency mode.

8

What is sometimes referred to as the private sector version of emergency management?

Business continuity.

9

What are the four elements of emergency management?

Mitigation,
Preparedness,
Response,
Recovery.

10

What are the three primary objectives of emergency management?

Minimize the probability of an emergency,
Mitigate the impact of an emergency,
Recovery from the emergency and resume normal operations.

11

What are the three types of emergency operations plans?

All hazards,
Standalone (different for each emergency),
Combination of all hazards and standalone.

12

How often should an emergency operations plan be audited?

At least annually. Evaluations should occur after drills, emergencies, personnel changes, facility design changes, and policy changes.

13

Why are emergency management tests and exercises conducted?

To check work ability of plan,
To determine levels of staff awareness and training,
To evaluate emergency communications,
To identify shortcomings in evacuation procedures.

14

What are the four types of emergency drill formats?

Tabletop exercise,
Evacuation/shelter in place drill,
Plan walk-through,
Full exercise with outside response agencies.

15

Who should be assigned the role of an organizations emergency coordinator?

Someone regularly responsible for handling emergencies, such as the head of security or engineering.

16

Which departments should be represented in helping the emergency coordinator organize an emergency plan?

At the minimum, the following departments should assist:
Legal,
Personnel,
Medical,
Transportation,
Public relations,
Facility engineering,
IT,
Security.

17

What are the five elements of the incident command system?

Command,
Operations,
Planning,
Logistics,
Finance and administration.

18

Which departments/roles should be represented on a crisis management team?

Senior management, public affairs, facilities engineering, safety and occupational health, resource management, chaplain, plans and operations, human resources, security, legal, logistics, employee union.

19

Who should have access to the emergency telephone numbers of key personnel?

Staff in control centers,
Senior personnel with plan implementation responsibilities.

20

What is a mutual aid association?

A mutual aid association is an arrangement by which businesses and other organizations agree to assist each other by providing materials, equipment, and personnel for disaster control during emergencies.

21

Who should be responsible for shutting down equipment in an emergency?

Those already familiar with the process.

22

What is a business impact analysis (BIA)?

A BIA is a tool used to:
Identify an entity’s critical functions,
Assess the impact of a disaster or other emergency on those functions over time,
Determine the other elements of the business on which those critical functions depend,
Help develop and prioritize recovery strategies.

23

What are the four approaches to terrorism analysis?

Multicausal,
Political,
Organizational,
Psychological.

24

What type of extremists pose the most dangerous threat to the world today?

Global jihadists.

25

What is the principal form of terrorist activity?

Bombings with conventional explosives are the principle form of terrorist activity, but the probability of future attacks using chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) materials is increasing.

26

What is the most dramatic recent development in individual weaponry?

Precision guided munitions, or man portable air defense systems (MANPADS).

27

What is the effect of range of MANPADS?

1 to 3.5 km (0.62 to 2.2 miles).

28

What are the four elements required for a bombing?

Motive,
Material,
Knowledge,
Opportunity.

29

What is the likelihood, from most to least likely, of the five types of bomb incidents?

Unattended item,
Bomb threat,
Hazardous mail,
Bomb,
Post blast.

30

What are the four principles of bomb security?

Preventing a bomb from entering the site,
Early detection of bomb incidents,
Appropriate response measures,
Careful facility design.