Cultural Anthropology Final Flashcards Preview

Cultural Anthropology Final > Cultural Anthropology Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cultural Anthropology Final Deck (46)
Loading flashcards...
1

More than half of all people in the world get by on less than $2 per day. T/F?

True

2

Among non-Western peoples, _____ are treated with respect as "living libraries"

elders

3

Two or more closely related nuclear families clustered together into a large domestic group is an ____________ family.

Extended

4

Phratries are associations not based on age, kinship, marriage, or territory but result from a conscious act of joining. T/F?

False

5

The Maori people are found in what country?

New Zealand

6

Matrilineal descent groups are associated with farming societies in which _______ are the breadwinners.

Women

7

Lineages,clans, phratries, and moieties are types of _______ groups.
A person in a system of ________ descent traces descent through both parents simultaneously and recognizes multiple ancestors.

Descent, Multilateral

8

People related through _______ have an affinal relationship.

Marriage

9

A people's collection of gods and goddesses is called a _________.

Pantheon

10

A society composed of several groups that differ in their access to resources and prestige is said to be stratified. What is stratification?

The division of society into two or more social classes of people who do not share equally in basic resources, power, or prestige.

11

A______ is a special form of social class in which membership is determined by birth and remains fixed for life.

Caste

12

The term political organization refers to the way power, or the ability to control others' behavior, is distributed or embedded in society. T/F?

True

13

In the _____ century Darwin's theory of sexual differences between males and females was called theory of sexual selection.

19th

14

A________ is a ranked society in which every member has a position in the hierarchy, and an individual's status is determined by membership in a descent group.

chiefdom

15

The primary means of distributing goods in a chiefdom is ______________.

The primary means of distributing goods in a chiefdom is ______________. Redistribution

16

Religion is viewed most simply as organized belief in the supernatural, and all fulfill numerous social and psychological needs. T/F?

True

17

________ may be defined as the beliefs and patterns of behavior by which people try to control those aspects of the universe that are otherwise beyond their control.

Religion

18

The formation of sexual bonds between individuals of the opposite sex is called _______.

Mating

19

The belief that nature is animated with spirits is called________.

Animism

20

In North America, _______ is thought of as a specialized activity done for play, recreation, or aesthetic appreciation.

Art

21

Although the drive toward imaginative play may be a human universal, the form that it takes is determined by __________.

Culture

22

Acculturation differs from other types of processes of change because it always involves an element of _____.

Force

23

Anthropologists are holistic, meaning they take into account many interacting factors to understand the functioning of a complex whole. T/F?

True

24

Approximately ___ million people now live outside their countries of birth. 400
In their search for cheap labor, global corporations have tended to favor _____ and ______ for low skilled assembly jobs.

Women and Children

25

One of the consequences of the development of global culture has been a resurgence of ________ movements.

Revitalization

26

________ violence is violence produced by social, political, and economic structures rather than by the unique and personal decisions of individuals.

Structural

27

Monogamy is not the preferred form of marriage in a majority of earth’s cultures—what is?

Polygamy

28

Anglo–American culture uses ________ kinship terminology.

Eskimo

29

All human societies have some division of _______ by sex.

Labor

30

A wealthy man among the Kapauku of New Guinea cannot be a Big Man unless he gives his wealth away. T/F?

False