Flashcards in Cutting Metals Deck (28):
What is Shearing?
Action which cuts sheet metal
What are Tinsnips used for?
Cut small pieces of sheet metal
What are Bench Mounted Shears for?
Cutting sheet metal, they provide more leverage
What are the different ways of Bending sheet metal?
What are commonly used to bend and form sheet metal?
They are controlled by Hydraulic Rams which create massive pressure
What are Cold Chisels made from?
What are Cold Chisels?
One end is sharp and hard to cut material
Other end is soft to withstand hammer blows
What are Drill Bits usually made from?
Carbon Steel OR
High Speed Steel (HSS)
What are Twist Drills or Jobbers Drills used for?
Drilling holes in metals and plastics
What is used to cut larger holes?
What is Screw Cutting?
Tapping hole (smaller than the thread) must be drilled into metal before an internal thread can be cut
What is a Internal (female) thread usually cut with? What is the process called?
Cut with a Tap, held in a Tap Wrench
Process = Tapping
What is a Tap?
Very hard steel tool which makes it's own thread as it's twisted into a hole drilled into the material
What is Threading?
Cutting of an external (male) thread
What is the tool used for Threading?
Split die - held in die stock so it can be turned
What can threads be cut with?
What happens to Threads in Industry?
They are rolled, hard threaded rollers rotate material and press into shape = form of Cold Forging
What is Forging?
Iron and Steel heated until soft
Metal can be reformed by applying force from hammer or press
What does shaping by forging ensure?
Ensures that the natural grain flow of the material is used to strengthen the components being made
What do blacksmiths traditionally forge metals with?
Hearth to heat iron/steel
Anvil to withstand hammer blows
What is the process used for industrial forging?
Drop Forging/Die Forging
What is the process of Die Forging/Drop Forging?
A piece of white hot metal placed between 2 dies
Very large force is applied in single blow by mechanical hammer
What is cooling?
Similar cold forging process used to stamp out coins and metals
What is the general workshop saw for all metals?
What is a Hacksaw?
Teeth available in different teeth per inch (TPI)
20 TPI usually for bench work
Blade tensioned by turning wing nut and changed when worn down
What is a Junior Hacksaw?
Usually 32 TPI
Blade tensioned by spring in steel frame, can be changed when worn down
What is a Piercing Saw?
Used for detailed/accurate work
Used for jewellery making