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Flashcards in Day 1 Deck (44):
1

The Windows _____ attribute generally protects system files from common user access.

System

2

A mobile device uses a(n) ______ computer architecture.

RISC

3

The NTFS _____ permission is applied to files and permits the viewing or accessing of file contents.

Read

4

The principle of least privilege, where non-privileged user accounts are only granted access to what is authorized is implemented through _____.

Availability

5

_____ is a category of OS where one or more tasks are spread among two or more computers.

Distributed

6

A(n) ______ is used by the OS to translate between high-level programming languages and low-level hardware interpretation.

Driver

7

The three primary methods of authenticating a user to a system are:

Username/Password
Tokens
Biometrics

8

On a Windows system, the C:\%Systemroot%\_______ directory contains built-in system files, programs, and commands.

System32

9

What special identity group exists on Windows 2K and earlier systems that cannot be manually updated and may have Full Control permissions by default?

Everyone

10

________ access control uses security labels to enforce the system's security policy.

Mandatory

11

The Windows _______ attribute protects the file from being overwritten or modified by any user.

Read-Only

12

______ IA measures assure data delivery is proven to be from a reliable source,

Non-Repudiation

13

_______ is the mechanism by which a system determines the level of access an authenticated user has to system resources.

Authorization

14

What determines what data classification will be in a Mandatory Access Control philosophy?

The data classification security policy of the organization.

15

All Windows systems provide the capability of using discretionary access control lists in assigning file permissions. (True or False)

False

16

What are the three core functions of an system?

Process Management
Device Management
File System Management

17

_______ assurance measures ensure reliable access to data and services for authorized users.

Availability

18

The built-in ________ user account has the highest level of privileges and permissions.

Administrator

19

What OS core function involves placing a file called test.txt in the student directory, which is located on a specific volume of the first hard disk on the system?

File System Management

20

In JCAC, Mod 5 requires Questionmark tests to be administered by a qualified instructor. When the answer to a question is in error, the instructor does not have permissions to make the change. Questionmark only allows the SME to alter questions/answers when necessary. What access control techniques was built into the Questionmark application to serve this requirement?

RBAC

21

(Choose all that apply) Which of the following are considered attributes of a Windows file?
Size
Archive
Name
System

Archive, System

22

Depending upon the role performed, an OS may fall into one or more categories. Which of the following is NOT one of those categories?
Dimensional
Distributed
Server
Client

Dimensional

23

A(n) ______ is defined as executable code designed to carry out specific tasks on the computer.

Application

24

What are the four means of interaction that OS's rely on to communicate at various layers?

Hardware, System Software, Application, User

25

_______ assurance measures ensure information is not disclosed to unauthorized personnel.

Confidentiality

26

The OS _____ is the system software component that manages the interaction between each layer and is the heart of the OS.

Kernel

27

The settings contained in the Windows ______ ______ folder are used to create a user profile when they log in for the first time.

Default User

28

(Choose all that apply) Which of the following are considered properties of a Windows file?
Archive
Size
Name
Read Only

Name, Size

29

______ consists of the acknowledgement and management of system vulnerabilities.

Information Assurance

30

The C:\%systemroot% is the same name as C:\_____ directory in Windows XP and newer.

Windows

31

Domain accounts are authenticated by _____ _____ on the Domain Controller.

Active Directory

32

________ assurance measures ensure proper verification of user credentials.

Authentication

33

What OS core function involves a user attaching a new printer to the computer and having to install a compatible driver in order to print a document to that printer?

Device Management

34

On a Windows system, the C:\________ ______ directory contains folders and files of installed software like MS Office, Adobe Acrobat, Symantec Antivirus, etc.

Program Files

35

What OS core function involves the OS creating and managing the process resources, such as memory management. when a user executes a word processing application?

Process Management

36

In a file's properties Window, what would a missing security tab indicate?

The file resides on a FAT file system

37

A _____ is a singular named resource used for storing info or data.

File

38

In Windows 7, the _____ directory replaced the Documents and Settings directory, to store user profiles.

C:\Users

39

(Choose all that apply) Which of the following are associated with authorization?
DACL
Access Control
Credentials
Common Access Card or Token

Access Control, DACL

40

The OS _______ is the component that provides user interaction with software and hardware graphically or from a command line.

Interface

41

Which of the following is NOT a core function of an OS?
Process Management
User Management
Device Management
File System Management

User Management

42

A(n) ______ is an executing instance of an application.

Process

43

Which tenant of IA measures, ensures no unauthorized modification or destruction of data occurs?

Integrity

44

Which security principle is defined as a system that grants users only the rights necessary for them to perform their work?

RBAC