Debate Flashcards Preview

Home Ec > Debate > Flashcards

Flashcards in Debate Deck (38):
1

Contradictory premises

When there can be no valid conclusion because one premise denies the other can exist

2

Poisoning the Well

Attacking the person instead of the issue

3

Fallacy

A mistake or trick in reasoning

4

Slanting an argument

Using emotionally charged words to arrive at a conclusion rather than relying on evidence

5

Hasty generalization

Argument where too few instances support the conclusion

6

Appeal to force

Urging acceptance of conclusion based upon threat of force

7

Deductive reasoning

Reasoning from the WHOLE to the PART

8

False analogy

Fallacy comparing two unlike things

9

Black or white fallacy

Idea that there are only two possible choices or alternatives

10

Straying

Interpreting a resolution too broadly or narrowly

11

Absolute authority

Belief that experts in a given field cannot make mistakes

12

Hypothesis contrary to fact

Speculative argument that starts with untrue hypothesis

13

Appeal to pity

Appeal using sympathy

14

Throwing a red herring

To introduce irrelevant material distant from the real issue

15

Unqualified generalization

Arguments based on absolutes

16

Faulty cause and effect

Like superstition, this argument identifies the wrong cause

17

Argument from ignorance

Argument that something is true because it has not proven to be false

18

Argument from authority

Belief that because somebody famous supports a particular conclusion that it is accurate

19

Logic

The science of reasoning

20

Inductive reasoning

Reasoning from the PART to the WHOLE

21

Maslow

Hierarchy of needs

22

Rawl

Veil of ignorance
Forget everything we know about our selves

23

Mill and Bentham

Utilitarianism

24

Kant

Categorical imperative
Treat others the way you want to be treated

25

Hobbs, Locke, Rousseau

Social contract
an implicit agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefits, for example by sacrificing some individual freedom for state protection.

26

Utilitarianism

Mathematical philosophy, best for most people

27

Deontology

Study of the nature of duty and obligation
Ends do not justify needs
Morality of action

28

Veil of ignorance

Forget things you already know

29

Social contract

Give up rights for protection of government

30

Harm principle

Laws that protect others from you

31

Claim

Main point made by debater; engine, drives argument forward

32

Warrant

Analysis that supports claim; The freight cart, carries all evidence

33

Impact

Consequences of an idea or action on society or an individual; the caboose, protects the end of the cart/case

34

Cross examination

Look at judge
Ask open ended questions

35

LD vs CX

LD: morality, value of something
CX: policy, implementing policy

36

Time frames

6 affirmative constructive
3 cx
7 negative constructive + attacks

3 cx
4 1st AR
6 negative rebuttal speech
3 2nd AR

37

AC

Ac 1nr 1ar 2nr 2ar

38

NC

Nc 1ar 1nr 2ar