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Captains License 6 Pack > Deck General > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck General Deck (75):
1

The "bowline" is used to...
Select one:
a. Join lines of equal size
b. Form a temporary eye (loop) at the end of a line
c. Keep a line from fraying
d. Be a stopper

b. Form a temporary eye (loop) at the end of a line

2

The beam of a vessel refers to the ...
Select one:
a. Internal cubic capacity
b. Width of the vessel
c. Molded depth of the vessel
d. Depth between decks

b. Width of the vessel

3

The "square knot" is used for...
Select one:
a. Keeping line from fraying
b. Joining two lines of equal size
c. Forming temporary eyes in lines
d. Joining two lines of different size

b. Joining two lines of equal size

4

Chafing gear ________________.
Select one:
a. protects the body against extreme cold
b. prevents corrosion of running rigging
c. reduces and prevents wear caused by the rubbing of one object against another
d. reduces and prevents corrosion of standing rigging

c. reduces and prevents wear caused by the rubbing of one object against another

5

Which mooring line prevents sideways motion of a vessel moored to a pier?
Select one:
a. A line led aft from the bow.
b. A line led from the bow.
c. A line led in the same direction as the keel.
d. A line led at a right angle to the keel.

d. A line led at a right angle to the keel.

6

The term "lee side" refers to the ...
Select one:
a. Side of the vessel exposed to the wind
b. Starboard side
c. Port side
d. Side of the vessel sheltered from the wind

d. Side of the vessel sheltered from the wind

7

Which splice should you use in order to make a permanent loop in a line?
Select one:
a. Eye splice
b. Back splice
c. Long splice
d. Short splice

a. Eye splice

8

A whipping on a fiber line ________.
Select one:
a. strengthens it
b. protects your hands
c. keeps the line from unraveling
d. becomes part of a splice

c. keeps the line from unraveling

9

The strongest way to permanently join the two ends of a line is with a ________.
Select one:
a. short splice
b. square knot
c. back splice
d. carrick bend

a. short splice

10

You can safely step in the bight of a synthetic fiber line _________________.
Select one:
a. at any time
b. when it is not under strain
c. if both ends are made fast
d. at no time

d. at no time

11

The "figure eight" knot is used to...
Select one:
a. Join lines of equal size
b. Be a stopper
c. Keep a line from passing through a sheave
d. Shorten a line

b. Be a stopper

12

To "belay" a line means to ...
Select one:
a. Stow it below
b. Secure it to a cleat
c. Heave it taut
d. Coil it down

b. Secure it to a cleat

13

Two mooring lines may be placed on the same bollard and either one cast off first if __________.
Select one:
a. the eye of the second line is dipped
b. the mooring lines are doubled
c. one of the lines is a breast line
d. the bollard has two horns

a. the eye of the second line is dipped

14

The lines led forward from the bow and aft from the stern when a vessel is moored to the dock are _________________.
Select one:
a. breast lines
b. halyards
c. bow and stern lines
d. warps

c. bow and stern lines

15

Line is called "small stuff" if its circumference is less than...
Select one:
a. 1"
b. 1/2"
c. 3/4"
d. 1.5"

d. 1.5"

16

A "chock" is a ...
Select one:
a. Sharp block of wood used to support hygroscopic cargo
b. A metal fitting that guides a line where it leaves a vessel
c. Deck fitting used to secure mooring lines
d. Smoke pipe for the galley stove

b. A metal fitting that guides a line where it leaves a vessel

17

Displacement refers to the ...
Select one:
a. Deadweight carrying capacity of a vessel
b. Cubic capacity of a vessel
c. Gross tonnage of a vessel
d. Number of tons of water displaced by a vessel afloat

d. Number of tons of water displaced by a vessel afloat

18

Which knot is used to attach two different sized lines together?
Select one:
a. Thief knot
b. Square knot
c. Sheet bend
d. Granny knot

c. Sheet bend

19

A metal object on the pier resembling a tree stump and made to receive mooring lines is a ...
Select one:
a. Camel
b. Bight
c. Chock
d. Bollard

d. Bollard

20

Which type of line will streach the most when under strain?...
Select one:
a. Dacron
b. Manila
c. Polypropylene
d. Nylon

d. Nylon

21

After a cold front passes, the barometric pressure _______________.
Select one:
a. fluctuates
b. remains the same, with clouds forming rapidly
c. remains the same
d. usually rises, often quite rapidly, with clearing skies

d. usually rises, often quite rapidly, with clearing skies

22

What will a veering wind do?
Select one:
a. Circulate about a low pressure center in a counterclockwise manner in the Northern Hemisphere
b. Change direction in a clockwise manner in the Northern Hemisphere
c. Circulate about a high pressure center in a clockwise manner in the Southern Hemisphere
d. Vary in strength constantly and unpredictably

b. Change direction in a clockwise manner in the Northern Hemisphere

23

The dew point is reached when the...
Select one:
a. Relative humidity reaches 50%
b. Atmospheric pressure is 14.7 lbs. per square inch
c. Temperature of the air equals the temperature of the seawater
d. Air becomes saturated with water vapor

d. Air becomes saturated with water vapor

24

What is a common unit of measure for atmospheric pressure?
Select one:
a. Inches
b. Centimeters
c. Feet
d. Degrees

a. Inches

25

A gale is characterized by a wind speed of...
Select one:
a. 10 to 20 knots
b. 34 to 47 knots
c. 48 to 63 knots
d. 64 to 83 knots

b. 34 to 47 knots

26

When facing into the wind in the Northern Hemisphere the center of low pressure lies ________________.
Select one:
a. to the left and behind you
b. directly in front of you
c. to your right and somewhat behind you
d. directly behind you

c. to your right and somewhat behind you

27

The "horse latitudes" are regions of ___________________.
Select one:
a. extremely high winds caused by the rotation of the earth
b. Light variable winds
c. Brisk prevailing winds
d. Abundant blue sea grass vegetation

b. Light variable winds

28

When cold air displaces warm air you have a(n)...
Select one:
a. Occluded front
b. Cold front
c. Warm front
d. Stationary front

b. Cold front

29

A local wind, which occurs during the daytime and is caused by the different rates of warming of land and water is a...
Select one:
a. Sea breeze
b. Land breeze
c. Chinook
d. Foehn

a. Sea breeze

30

When warm moist air blows over a colder surface and is cooled below its dew point, fog forms as the cooling air reaches saturation the result is...
Select one:
a. Advection fog
b. Radiation fog
c. Ice fog
d. Frost smoke

a. Advection fog

31

A boundary between two air masses is a(n)...
Select one:
a. Isobar
b. Lapse rate
c. Continent
d. Front

d. Front

32

What is the primary source of earth's weather?
Select one:
a. The moon
b. The sun
c. The solar system
d. The oceans

b. The sun

33

A generally circular low pressure area is called a(n)...
Select one:
a. Occluded front
b. Anticyclone
c. Cyclone
d. Cold front

c. Cyclone

34

Which cloud type is normally associated with thunderstorms?
Select one:
a. Cumulus
b. Cumulonimbus
c. Cirrus
d. Stratus

b. Cumulonimbus

35

On a weather map, a large letter "H" means...
Select one:
a. A heavy squall line near the "H"
b. A high pressure area with warm, moist air, and inclement weather
c. A high pressure area with cool, dry air, and fair weather
d. Horse latitudes, with rough seas and strong winds

c. A high pressure area with cool, dry air, and fair weather

36

When a low pressure area is approaching, the weather generally...
Select one:
a. Is unpredictable
b. Improves
c. Remains the same
d. Worsens

d. Worsens

37

The wind speed and direction observed from a moving vessel is known as ________________.
Select one:
a. anemometer wind
b. true wind
c. apparent wind
d. coordinate wind

c. apparent wind

38

n the Northern Hemisphere a wind that shifts counterclockwise is a ..........
Select one:
a. Veering wind
b. Chinook wind
c. Backing wind
d. Reverse wind

c. Backing wind

39

An isotherm is _____________.
Select one:
a. a line on a weather map connecting equal points of both temperature and pressure
b. an instrument that measures the climatological effects of temperature
c. a line connecting points of equal temperature on a weather map
d. a line connecting equal barometric pressure on a weather map

c. a line connecting points of equal temperature on a weather map

40

A sea breeze is a wind...
Select one:
a. That blows towards the sea at night
b. That blows towards land during the day
c. Caused by the distant approach of a hurricane
d. Caused by cold air descending a coastal incline

b. That blows towards land during the day

41

The distance gained in the direction of the original course when you are making a turn is known as...
Select one:
a. Drift
b. Advance
c. Transfer
d. Tactical diameter

b. Advance

42

The pivoting point of a fully loaded vessel with normal trim proceeding ahead at sea speed is ________________.
Select one:
a. about one-third of the vessel's length from the bow
b. near the stern
c. about two-thirds of the vessel's length from the bow
d. right at the bow

a. about one-third of the vessel's length from the bow

43

The forward movement of a vessel in one revolution of its propeller is measured by...
Select one:
a. Advance
b. The pitch
c. Transfer
d. Head reach

b. The pitch

44

The effect known as "bank cushion" acts in which of the following ways on a single-screw vessel proceeding along a narrow channel?
Select one:
a. It forces the entire vessel away from the bank
b. It heels the vessel toward the bank
c. It forces the stern away from the bank
d. It forces the bow away from the bank

d. It forces the bow away from the bank

45

In a Williamson turn the rudder is put over full until the...
Select one:
a. Emergency turn signal sounds
b. Vessel has turned 90° From her original course
c. Vessel is on a reciprocal course
d. Vessel has turned 60° From her original course

d. Vessel has turned 60° From her original course

46

Your vessel is broken down and rolling in heavy seas. You can reduce the danger of capsizing by_______________.
Select one:
a. constantly shifting the rudder
b. moving all passengers to one side of the boat
c. rigging a sea anchor
d. moving the passengers to the stern

c. rigging a sea anchor

47

A Race Track turn would be better than a Williamson turn in recovering a man overboard if ________________.
Select one:
a. the man has been missing for a period of time
b. the sea water is very cold and the man is visible
c. the wind is from astern on the original course
d. there is thick fog

b. the sea water is very cold and the man is visible

48

Which shallow water effect will increase dramatically if you increase your ship's speed?
Select one:
a. Sinkage
b. Smelling the bottom
c. Bank cushion
d. Squatting

d. Squatting

49

A wedge of water building up between the bow and nearer bank, which forces the bow out and away, describes...
Select one:
a. Combined effect
b. Bank cushion
c. Bank suction
d. Bend effect

b. Bank cushion

50

You are docking a vessel. If possible, you should _________________.
Select one:
a. approach the dock at a 90° angle and swing to
b. pass a mooring line to the dock with a heaving line and let the crew pull the vessel in
c. go in with the current
d. go in against the current

d. go in against the current

51

With rudders amidships and negligible wind, a twin screw vessel moving astern with both engines backing will back __________________.

Select one:
a. in a circular motion
b. a fairly straight line
c. to starboard
d. to port

b. a fairly straight line

52

In relation to the turning circle of a ship, the term "transfer" means the distance...
Select one:
a. Around the circumference of the turning circle
b. Gained at right angles to the original course
c. Gained in the direction of the original course
d. The ship moves sideways from the original course

b. Gained at right angles to the original course

53

Your vessel is docking, but not yet alongside. Which line will be the most useful when maneuvering the vessel alongside the pier?
Select one:
a. Inshore head line
b. Stern breast line
c. Bow spring line
d. Bow breast line

c. Bow spring line

54

Your vessel is dead in the water with the rudder amidships. As the right-handed screw starts to turn ahead, the bow will tend to go...
Select one:
a. Straight ahead
b. As influenced by the tide and sea
c. To port
d. To starboard

c. To port

55

Which effect does speed through the water have on a vessel, which is underway in shallow water?
Select one:
a. A decrease in the speed results in a decrease in steering response and maneuverability
b. An increase in speed results in the stern sucking down lower than the bow
c. An increase in speed results in the vessel rising on an even plane
d. A decrease in speed results in the vessel sucking down on an even plane

b. An increase in speed results in the stern sucking down lower than the bow

56

When underway and proceeding ahead, as the speed increases, the pivot point tends to...
Select one:
a. Remain stationary
b. Move lower
c. Move aft
d. Move forward

d. Move forward

57

You intend to overtake a vessel in a narrow channel. As you approach the other vessel's stern __________.
Select one:
a. the vessels will drift appart
b. both vessels will gain speed
c. you will gain speed
d. the vessels will drift together

d. the vessels will drift together

58

How does the effect known as "bank suction" act on a single-screw vessel proceeding along a narrow channel?
Select one:
a. It pulls the bow toward the bank
b. It pushes the entire vessel away from the bank
c. It heels the vessel toward the bank
d. It pulls the stern toward the bank

d. It pulls the stern toward the bank

59

You are operating a twin-screw vessel and lose your port engine. You continue to operate on your starboard engine only. Which action would you take to move your vessel ahead in a straight line?
Select one:
a. Compensate with left rudder
b. Surge the starboard engine
c. Rudder amidships - no compensation is necessary on a twin-screw vessel
d. Compensate with right rudder

d. Compensate with right rudder

60

A common occurance when a vessel is running into shallow water is that...
Select one:
a. the vessel will increase its speed
b. The vessel is more responsive to the rudder
c. The wake is less pronounced
d. "Squat" will cause a decrease in bottom clearance

d. "Squat" will cause a decrease in bottom clearance

61

By law the maximum penalty for failing (without resonable cause) to give aid in case of collision is...
Select one:
a. Two years imprisonment or $1,000.00
b. One year imprisonment or $500.00
c. Two years imprisonment or $2,000.00
d. Two years imprisonment or $500.00

a. Two years imprisonment or $1,000.00

62

Fire and abandon ship stations and duties may be found on the...
Select one:
a. Crewman's duty list
b. Shipping articles
c. Certificate of Inspection
d. Muster list

d. Muster list

63

Which information MUST be entered on the muster list?
Select one:
a. Duties and station of each person during emergencies
b. Listing of approved emergency equipment
c. Names of all crew members
d. Use and application of special equipment

a. Duties and station of each person during emergencies

64

Following a collision or accident, the Master of each vessel involved must render assistance to persons affected by the collision or accident...
Select one:
a. Without regard to any danger to his vessel
b. If he can do so without any risk to his vessel
c. If he can do so without undue delay
d. If he can do so without serious danger to his vessel or to individuals on board

d. If he can do so without serious danger to his vessel or to individuals on board

65

Control of flooding should be addressed ________________.
Select one:
a. following control of fire
b. only if a threat exists
c. first
d. following restoration of vital services

a. following control of fire

66

The key to rescuing a man overboard is ___________________.
Select one:
a. well-conducted drills
b. good communication
c. good-equipment
d. a dedicated crew

a. well-conducted drills

67

One of your crew members falls overboard and the alarm has been sounded. You should IMMEDIATELY ____________.
Select one:
a. apply left rudder
b. Position your vessel to windward and begin recovery
c. throw the crew member a life ring buoy
d. begin backing your engines

c. throw the crew member a life ring buoy

68

After a collision or accident involving an uninspected vessel, regulations require that the operator assist persons affected, but only if the operator can do so without...
Select one:
a. Serious danger to his or her own vessel
b. Creating a panic on the other vessel
c. Further damaging the other vessel
d. Undue delay

a. Serious danger to his or her own vessel

69

A person who sees someone fall overboard should...
Select one:
a. Immediately jump in the water to assist the individual.
b. Go to the bridge for the distress flares.
c. Call for help and keep the individual in sight.
d. Run to the radio room to send an emergency message.

c. Call for help and keep the individual in sight.

70

If you wear extra clothing when entering the water after abandoning ship it will...
Select one:
a. Make it more difficult to breathe
b. Preserve body heat
c. Reduce your body heat
d. Weigh you down

b. Preserve body heat

71

Which approved lifesaving device is required for each person on-board a motor vessel carrying passengers? (Uninspected Vessel Regulations)
Select one:
a. Buoyant cushion
b. Buoyant vest
c. A life raft
d. Life jacket

d. Life jacket

72

An emergency check-off list is required on vessels carrying six or fewer passengers for hire. The list must contain information on all of the following EXCEPT ... (Uninspected Vessel Regulations)
Select one:
a. Actions required in the event of a fire at sea
b. Actions required for crossing hazardous bars
c. Actions required in the event of a man overboard
d. Actions required in the event of accident

d. Actions required in the event of accident

73

Each self-propelled, uninspected vessel carrying not more than six paying passengers must _____________________. (Uninspected Vessel Regulations)
Select one:
a. not carry stowed emergency provisions
b. be under the direction and control of an individual licensed by the USCG
c. not run charter operations between sunset and sunrise
d. not run charter operations between sunrise and sunset

b. be under the direction and control of an individual licensed by the USCG

74

The number of fire extinguishers required to be carried on an uninspected "motor vessel" (less than 65 feet) is based on the vessel's _________. (Uninspected Vessel Regulations)
Select one:
a. crew list
b. gross tonnage
c. draft
d. length

d. length

75

A Safety Orientation Placard found on vessels carrying six or fewer passengers for hire contains information on all except...(Uninspected Vessel Regulations)
Select one:
a. The emergency radio call signal of the vessel
b. The location and contents of the Emergency Checkoff List
c. Stowage location of life preservers
d. Proper method of donning and adjusting PFDs

a. The emergency radio call signal of the vessel