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Flashcards in Deck General & Safety Deck (60):
1

1. Fire extinguishers are numbered by size I through V, with I being...

A. The smallest
B. Used for electrical fires only
C. The most effective
D. The most accessible

A. The Smallest

2

2. Which action is routinely performed at the annual servicing and inspection of a dry-chemical cartridge-operated portable fire extinguisher?

A. Replace the dry chemical.
B. Pressure test the discharge hose.
C. Weigh the cartridge.
D. Test the pressure gauge for correct reading.

C. Weigh the cartridge.

3

3. How does the effect known as "bank suction" act on a single-screw vessel proceeding along a narrow channel?

A. It heels the vessel toward the bank.
B. It pulls the bow toward the bank.
C. It pushes the entire vessel away from the bank.
D. It pulls the stern toward the bank.

D. It pulls the stern toward the bank.

4

Which radiotelephone transmission may be sent over channel 16?

A. Call to a particular station.
B. A meteorological warning.
C. Distress signal MAYDAY
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

5

All VHF marine band radios operate in the simplex mode, which means that...

A. The radio only receives
B. Only one person may talk at a time
C. The radio only transmits
D. Only two persons may talk at a time

B. Only one person may talk at a time

6

Spontaneous combustion is caused by...

A. Conduction of heat through a wall of material to the substance.
B. An outside heat source heating a substance until it ignites.
C. Chemical action within a substance.
D. All of the above

C. Chemical action within a substance.

7

Which statement concerning satellite EPIRB’s is TRUE?

A. If the GMDSS Radio Operator does not program the EPIRB, it will transmit default information such as the follow-on communications frequency and mode.
B. The coded signal only identifies the vessel's name and port of registry.
C. Once activated, these EPIRB’s continuously send up a signal for use in identifying the vessel and for determining the position of the beacon.
D. The coded signal identifies the nature of the Distress situation.

C. Once activated, these EPIRB’s continuously send up a signal for use in identifying the vessel and for determining the position of the beacon.

8

What should be your FIRST action if you discover a fire aboard ship?

A. Confine it by closing doors, ports, vents, etc.
B. Call the Master.
C. Attempt to put out the fire.
D. Sound the alarm.

D. Sound the alarm

9

In cleaning up an oil spill, straw is an example of a...

A. Chemical agent
B. Sorbent
C. Blocker
D. None of the above

B. Sorbent

10

Which statement are TRUE concerning life preservers (Type I personal flotation devices)?

A. Life preservers are designed to turn an unconscious person's face clear of the water.
B. Life preservers must always be worn with the same side facing outwards to float properly.
C. Buoyant vests may be substituted for life jackets.
D. Lightly stained or faded life jackets will fail in the water and should not be used.

A. Life preservers are designed to turn an unconscious person's face clear of the water.

11

When can a look-out leave his duty station?

A. At the end of the watch.
B. 15 minutes before the end of the watch.
C. At any time.
D. When properly relieved.

D. When properly relieved.

12

Foam is a very effective smothering agent and ...

A. Works well on extinguishing electrical fires.
B. It provides cooling as a secondary effect.
C. Can be used to combat combustible metal fires.
D. All of the above.

B. It provides cooling as a secondary effect.

13

When the handle of an all-purpose nozzle is in the forward position, the nozzle wills ...

A. Shut off the water.
B. Produce a straight stream.
C. Produce high-velocity fog.
D. Produce low-velocity fog.

A. Shut off the water.

14

The lifesaving equipment on all vessels shall be ...

A. Inspected weekly.
B. Readily accessible.
C. Stowed in locked compartments.
D. Tested yearly.

B. Readily accessible.

15

Generally speaking, the fuel injected into a marine diesel engine combustion chamber is ignited by...

A. A magneto
B. Glow plugs
C. Spark plugs
D. Heat of compression

D. Heat of compression

16

Chafing gear should be placed ...

A. On wire rope only.
B. At all wearing points of mooring lines.
C. At the bitter ends of all standing rigging.
D. Around running rigging.

B. At all wearing points of mooring lines.

17

What is the most vulnerable part of the fire main system?

A. The fire hose.
B. Exposed hard piping.
C. The fire pump.
D. The hydrant valve.

A. The fire hose.

18

Your vessel is dead in the water with the rudder amidships. As the right-handed screw starts to turn ahead, the bow will tend to go...

A. To starboard
B. To port
C. As influenced by the tide and sea
D. Straight ahead

B. To port

19

A galley grease fire would be classified as which class of fire?

A. A
B. D
C. C
D. B

D. B

20

Except in rare cases, it is impossible to extinguish a shipboard fire by ...

A. Removing the fuel.
B. Removing the oxygen.
C. Interrupting the chain reaction.
D. Removing the heat.

A. Removing the fuel.

21

Which statement is TRUE concerning gasoline vapors on board a vessel?

A. They should be vented into the wheelhouse.
B. They are lighter than air and will settle in the highest part of the vessel.
C. They are heavier than air and will settle in the lowest part of the vessel.
D. They should be vented into the engine to improve combustion.

C. They are heavier than air and will settle in the lowest part of the vessel.

22

If you find an inflatable liferaft container with steel bands around the case, you should...

A. Leave the bands in place
B. Remove the bands yourself
C. Tell the Master
D. Tell the Mate

A. Leave the bands in place

23

A person who sees someone fall overboard should ...

A. Go to the bridge for the distress flares.
B. Immediately jump in the water to assist the individual.
C. Call for help and keep the individual in sight.
D. Run to the radio room to send an emergency message.

C. Call for help and keep the individual in sight.

24

The EPIRB on board your vessel is required to be tested...

A. Quarterly
B. Weekly
C. Monthly
D. Yearly

C. Monthly

25

A common occurance when a vessel is running into shallow water is that...

A. The vessel is more responsive to the rudder
B. The wake is less pronounced
C. "Squat" will cause a decrease in bottom clearance and an increase in draft
D. All of the above

C. "Squat" will cause a decrease in bottom clearance and an increase in draft

26

The National Weather Service differentiates between small craft, gale, whole gale, and hurricane warnings by the ...

A. Wind speed forecasted.
B. Wave heights forecasted.
C. Amount of rain forecasted.
D. Amount of cloud cover forecasted.

A. Wind speed forecasted.

27

Gasoline tanks should be filled...

A. With only sufficient fuel for the planned trip so excess gasoline is not carried
B. To near the top with some space allowed for gasoline expansion
C. To the top to expel all vapors from the tanks
D. To the top so the operator is certain how much fuel he has aboard

B. To near the top with some space allowed for gasoline expansion

28

Which type of marine sanitation device (MSD) is used solely for the storage of sewage and flushwater at ambient air pressure and temperature?

A. Type IV
B. Type II
C. Type III
D. Type I

C. Type III

29

A whipping on a fiber line ________.

A. strengthens it
B. keeps the line from fraying
C. becomes part of a splice
D. protects your hands

B. keeps the line from fraying

30

Most minor spills of oil products are caused by...

A. Equipment failure
B. Unforeseeable circumstances
C. Human error
D. Major casualties

C. Human error

31

What prevents an inflatable liferaft from being pulled under by a vessel which sinks in water over 100 feet in depth?

A. The hydrostatic release
B. The weak link in the painter line
C. Nothing
D. A Rottmer release

B. The weak link in the painter line

32

A new liferaft has been installed on your vessel. The operating cord should be ...

A. Coiled neatly on the raft container.
B. Attached to the raft stowage cradle or to a secure object nearby with a weak link.
C. Checked to see that it's unattached.
D. Faked on deck and lead through a chock.

B. Attached to the raft stowage cradle or to a secure object nearby with a weak link.

33

A twin-screw vessel is easier to maneuver than a single-screw vessel because the twin-screw vessel ...

A. Can turn without using her rudder.
B. Can suck the water away from the rudder.
C. Permits the rudder to move faster.
D. Generates more power.

A. Can turn without using her rudder.

34

Which type of line floats?

A. Nylon.
B. Old manila.
C. Dacron.
D. Polypropylene.

D. Polypropylene.

35

Which statement is TRUE concerning small oil spills?

A. A spill is not dangerous to sea life in the area.
B. They usually disappear quickly.
C. They may cause serious pollution as the effect tends to be cumulative.
D. They usually stay in a small area.

C. They may cause serious pollution as the effect tends to be cumulative.

36

All of the following are part of the fire triangle EXCEPT...

A. Oxygen
B. Heat
C. Fuel
D. Electricity

D. Electricity

37

How many distress flares are uninspected passanger vessels required to carry?

A. 3 handheld red day/night flares
B. 3 aerial pyrotechnic red day/night flares
C. 3 rocket parachute red day/night flares
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

38

On inflatable liferafts, the operating cord should be renewed by ...

A. One of the ship's officers.
B. An approved servicing facility ashore.
C. Opening the case and replacing the entire line.
D. Cutting the old line off and renewing same.

B. An approved servicing facility ashore.

39

Each crewmember has an assigned firefighting station. This assignment is shown on the ...

A. Shipping articles.
B. Fire fighting plan.
C. Certificate of Inspection.
D. Muster list.

D. Muster list

40

To launch a liferaft by hand you should ...

A. Cut the casing bands, throw the raft over the side, and pull the operating cord.
B. Cut the casing bands, throw the liferaft over the side, and it will then inflate.
C. Detach the operating cord, throw the raft over the side, and it will then inflate.
D. Throw the liferaft over the side and pull the operating cord.

D. Throw the liferaft over the side and pull the operating cord.

41

A wedge of water building up between the bow and nearer bank which forces the bow out and away describes ...

A. Bend effect.
B. Combined effect.
C. Bank cushion.
D. Bank suction.

C. Bank cushion.

42

Which VHF channel should you avoid using as a working channel?

A. 16
B. 7A
C. 8
D. 9

A. 16

43

Which vessel is required to carry a Category I, 406 MHz EPIRB?

A. A vessel limited to 20 miles offshore, which carries a radiotelephone on board
B. A vessel limited to 100 miles offshore
C. A vessel operating exclusively on inland waters
D. A vessel operating on the high seas or beyond 3 miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes

D. A vessel operating on the high seas or beyond 3 miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes

44

The splice designed to pass easily through a block is called a(n) ...

A. Short splice.
B. Block splice.
C. Eye splice.
D. Long splice.

D. Long splice.

45

Convection spreads a fire by ...

A. Transmitting the heat of a fire through the ship's metal.    
B. Heated gases flowing through ventilation systems.
C. The transfer of heat across an unobstructed space.
D. Burning liquids flowing into another space.

B. Heated gases flowing through ventilation systems.

46

Which extinguishing agent will absorb the most heat?

A. Water
B. Dry chemical
C. Foam
D. CO2

A. Water

47

A "figure eight" knot is used to ...

A. Shorten a line.
B. Join lines of equal size.
C. Keep a line from passing through a sheave.
D. Be a stopper.

D. Be a stopper

48

Nylon line can be dangerous because it ...

A. Is not elastic.
B. Kinks when wet.
C. Breaks down when wet.
D. Stretches.

B. Kinks when wet

49

Before using a fixed CO2 system to fight an engine room fire, you must...

A. Secure the machinery in the engine room
B. Secure the engine room ventilation
C. Evacuate all personnel from the engine room
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

50

Fire hose couplings...

A. Should be painted red in order to identify hose lengths.
B. Are made of bronze, brass, or soft alloy metals.
C. Are specially hardened to prevent
crushing.
D. Should be greased frequently.

B. Are made of bronze, brass, or soft alloy metals.

51

Which statement concerning a short splice is TRUE?

A. A short splice decreases the diameter of the line.
B. It is used to temporarily join two lines together.
C. A short splice is stronger than two lines joined by a knot.
D. None of the above

C. A short splice is stronger than two lines joined by a knot.

52

Which statement describes the primary process by which fires are extinguished by dry chemical?

A. The powder forms a solid coating over the surface.
B. The dry chemical powder attacks the fuel and oxygen chain reaction.
C. The dry chemical smothers the fire.
D. The stream of dry chemical powder cools the fire.

B. The dry chemical powder attacks the fuel and oxygen chain reaction.

53

How do you operate a portable CO2 fire extinguisher?

A. Break the rupture disc.
B. Turn cylinder upside-down.
C. Pull pin, squeeze grip.
D. Point the horn down.

C. Pull pin, squeeze grip.

54

Inflatable liferafts are provided with...

A. Knife
B. Lifeline
C. Pump
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

55

In a Williamson turn, the rudder is put over full until the ...

A. Emergency turn signal sounds.
B. Vessel is on a reciprocal course.
C. Vessel has turned 90°From her original course.
D. Vessel has turned 60°From her original course.

D. Vessel has turned 60°From her original course.

56

A fire in a pile of linen is a class...

A. D
B. C
C. B
D. A

D. A

57

Removing which will extinguish a fire?

A. Carbon dioxide
B. Sodium
C. Oxygen
D. Nitrogen

C. Oxygen

58

If a gasoline engine turns over freely but will not start, the cause is generally...

A. Low lube oil level
B. A defective ignition system
C. Too heavy a load
D. Weak valve springs

B. A defective ignition system

59

The radiotelephone safety signal is ...

A. "Securite" repeated 3 times.
B. "Securite Securite" repeated 3 times.
C. "Pan Pan" repeated 3 times.
D. "Safety" repeated 3 times.

A. "Securite" repeated 3 times.

60

An aluminum powder fire is classified as class ...

A. A
B. D
C. C
D. B

B. D