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ARE 4.0 PPP > Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions Deck (362)
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1

an amount included in a construction budget, normally 5 to 10 percent, to provie for unforeseen or unpredictable costs

contigency allowance

2

the maximum flood level with a 1% probability of occurring within a given year

100 year flood

3

a buttressing or supporting structure

abutment

4

building whose function is secondary to that of the main structure

Accessory building

5

the branch of physics that deals with sound. In architectural application, the sound qualities of a room or space.

acoustics

6

In an ancient Greek city, a citadel, usually on a high plateau

acropolis

7

tax based on the value of the property being taxed

ad Valorum Tax

8

a sun-dried brick of earth, used in the American Southwest

adobe

9

The branch of philosophy that deals with the quality, aspects, and perception of beauty

Aesthetics

10

commits buyer to perform specific duty in the future.

affirmative covenant

11

the legal concept that one person, the agent, acts on behalf of another, the principal, in dealing with another, the third party. (architect = agent; client = principal; and contractor = 3rd party)

Agency

12

the rights to the use or control of space above a property, such as highways, railroad tracks, or buildings

Air rights

13

reflectivity measured as the relative permeability of a surface to radiant energy flowing in either direction

Albedo

14

horizontal or vertical deviation from the straight or level centerline of the road.

alignment

15

determined by use group and type of construction. may be increased if fire-suppression system or adequate street frontage is provided. bylaws also restrict building height.

allowable building height

16

desireable features of or near a building that increases the property's value

Amenities

17

payment of a loan over the life of the loan using equal payments at equal intervals. Each payment provides for a portion to be applied to the principal and the remainder to be applied to the interest.

Amortization

18

an arena encircled by tiers of seats

amphitheater

19

a major tenant in shopping mall such as department store that in theory serves to attract shoppers to the mall to benefit other smaller stores

Anchor tenant

20

an electromagnetc device that indicates the activation of cetain circuits; a device to signal the existence and location of a fire in a building.

Annunciator

21

giving human characteristics to nonhuman things

anthropomorphism

22

estimation of a property's value made by a qualified appraiser

Appraisal

23

the eastern or altar end of a church, usually semi-circular in plan.

Apse

24

a natural, underground reservoir form which wells draw water

Aquifer

25

normally two lane per direction, no parking on street, traffic lights, sometimes with restaurants and shops. connects expressway to street serving residential area (collector-distributor). access to expressway is controlled.

arterial

26

masonry having a face of square or rectangular stones.

Ashlar

27

the value given to a property by local jurisdiction to be used to assess taxes on the property. It's a percentage of the actual value (market value)

Assessed value

28

connects two major spaces with smaller branches on either side. common in shopping malls

axial organization

29

is the angle between the north vector and the perpendicular projection of the star down onto the horizon.

azimuth

30

a glazed decorative tile ith the color blue most prominent.

azulejo