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Flashcards in Delirium Deck (5)
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1
Q

Delirium

A

Worsening or change in a person’s mental state that happens suddenly over a couple of days

Become confused/ more confused than usual

2
Q

Hyperactive delirium

A

Restless

Be agitated (walking about or pacing)

Resist personal care or respond aggressive to it

Seem unusually vigilant

3
Q

Hypoactive delirium

A

Withdrawn, feeling lethargic and tired

Drowsy

Unusually sleepy

Unable to stay focused when they’re awake

4
Q

Factors favouring delirium over dementia

A

Impairment of consciousness

Fluctuation of symptoms (worse at night, periods of normality)

Abnormal perception (illusions and hallucinations)

Agitation, fear

Delusions

5
Q

Causes

A

Drugs
Epilepsy/ electrolyte imbalance
Liver failure/ low oxygen (MI, PE)
Infection
Retention (urinary/ faecal)
Intracranial/ ictal state
Uraemia/ underhydration/ undernutrition
Metabolism (anaemia, hypercapnoea, hypoglycaemia, endocrine disorders)