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Flashcards in dent-2201 Deck (134)
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1

xerostomia

Condition of dry mouth caused by a variety of conditions such as medications, radiation therapy to the head and neck, and salivary gland dysfunction.

2

immune system

a system that protects the body from foreign invaders such as pathogenic organisms.

3

acid

a chemical substance that contributes to the demineralization process of the tooth.

4

neutralize

a condition where the acid environment of the oral cavity is balanced to a more healthy level

5

cariogenic

a food source capable of producing caries/decay

6

streptococcus mutans

an organism responsible for the progression of the decay/caries process.

7

bolus

an organized ball created by the addition of saliva when chewing a food substance.

8

plaque

soft concentrated mass consisting of a large variety of bacteria held together in a gel-like matrix.

9

calculus

a hard tenacious mineralized mass of bacterial plaque

10

gingiva

the soft tissues of the oral mucosa that surround the necks of the teeth and are attached to the teeth and the alveolar bone.

11

alveolar bone

the hard mineralized support structure surrounding the tooth socket

12

gingivitis

a reversible form of oral disease characterized clinically by changes in color, gingival form, position, surface appearance and presence of bleeding.

13

periodontal disease

extension of gingivitis to include the surrounding support structures of the teeth including ligaments and bone. Irreversible.

14

Toxin

a poisonous substance of microbial origin that causes symptoms after a period of incubation.

15

enamel

the hard, 97% mineralized surface that covers the crown of the tooth. Normally varies in thickness with the thickest portion occurring on the occlusal surface and the thinnest portion occurring at the junction of the cementum and the enamel.

16

dentin

the majority of the tooth tissue that provides insulation to the pulp. Dentin is a softer tissue being 70% mineralized.

17

Cementum

thin layer of tissue surrounding the root structure of a tooth. Only 45% mineralized thus a fairly soft tissue. Helps connect the tooth root to the bone via the periodontal ligament.

18

Periodontal ligament

a fibrous CT that connects al surfaces of the tooth root to the surrounding bone. The tissue can be described as "elastic" which allows for movement of the teeth during mastication.

19

Pulp:

the "living" area in the center of each tooth that contains the blood and nerve supply. Connects the teeth to the rest of the body via these systems.

20

Colonization

the organizing of the bacterial plaque into a mass.

21

maturation

the aging of colonies of bacterial plaque. The older, more mature plaque being the most destructive.

22

chemotherapeutic

the use of chemicals or medications to provide therapy

23

clinical

assesses, plans, implements, evaluates treatment for prevention, intervention, or control of oral disease while working independently or in collaboration with other professionals.

24

research

applies scientific method to select appropriate therapies, educational methods or content; interprets and applies scientific findings in order to solve problems

25

administrative/managerial

utilizes data; communication objectives; applies organizational skills; identifies and manages resources; evaluates and modifies programs of health, education, or health care.

26

consumer advocacy

influences legislators, health agencies, and other organizations to bring existing health problems and available resources together to resolve problems and improve access to care.

27

educational

utilizes educational therapy and methodology to analyze health needs; develops health promotion strategies; delivers and evaluates the results in attaining or maintaining health.

28

change agent

analyzes barriers to change; develops mechanisms to affect change: implements processes and evaluates the success of programs that promote health for individuals, families, and communities.

29

change agent

analyzes barriers to change; develops mechanisms to affect change: implements processes and evaluates the success of programs that promote health for individuals, families, and communities.

30

pH level

a number corresponding to the acidity or alkalinity of a solution