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Flashcards in Depressive Disorders Deck (16):
1

People who suffer from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) often experience loss of interest in their favorite activities.  This is referred to as ______.

Anhedonia = loss of interest in favorite activities.

No joy / pleasure

2

People who suffer from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) often feel very tired.  This is referred to as _______.

Anergia = feeling very tired.

Sleeping too much = atypical

3

______ refer to alterations in those activities necessary to support physical life and growth (eating, sleeping, elimination, sex).  

Vegetative Signs of Depression

1.) Decreased or increased sleep

2.) Decreased or increased appetite

c.) Decreased ability to concentrate

d.) Decreased ability to make decisions

e.) Decreased sexual drive / libido

4

 

a.) MDD (Major Depressive Disorder)

b.) DMDD (Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

c.) PDD (Persistent Depressive Disorder) (Dysthymia

d.) 

5

Depression with Catatonic Features

Involuntarily repeating another's words.

a.) echolalia

b.) echopraxia

a.) echolalia

6

Depression with Catatonic Features

Involuntarily copying another's movements.

a.) echolalia

b.) echopraxia

b.) echopraxia

7

Etiology of Depression

A general theory that explains psychopathology using a systems approach.  This theory helps us understand how personality disorders emerge from the multi-faceted factors of biology and environment. Refers to genetic and biological vulnerabilities and includes personality traits and temperament (genetics + environmental stress).

Diathesis Model

Genetics + Environmental Stress

8

Symptoms r/t Decreased Neurotransmitters in Depression

Decreased motivation and anhedonia.

a.) Decreased serotonin

b.) Decreased norepinephrine

c.) Decreased dopamine

c.) Decreased dopamine

Decreased motivation and anhedonia (lack of pleasure or joy)

9

Symptoms r/t Decreased Neurotransmitters in Depression

Depression, anxiety, OCD, insomnia, and anergia.

a.) Decreased serotonin

b.) Decreased norepinephrine

c.) Decreased dopamine

a.) Decreased serotonin

Depression, anxiety, OCD, insomnia, and anergia (lack of energy).

10

Symptoms r/t Decreased Neurotransmitters in Depression

Inattention and lack of focus.

a.) Decreased serotonin

b.) Decreased norepinephrine

c.) Decreased dopamine

b.) Decreased norepinephrine

Inattention and lack of focus.

11

Evidence-Based Treatment of Depression

For mild or moderate depression.

Mild or Moderate Depression

Evidence-based CBT Exercise is best

12

Evidence-Based Treatment of Depression

For severe depression.

For severe depression

Gold Standard Evidence-based CBT + Exercise + Medication

Usually hospitalized

13

What are the main s/s of serotonin syndrome?

HARMED

Hyperthermia - Fever up to 107º

Autonomic instability - altered BP, pulse, and respirations

Rigidity - muscles in continual state of tension

Myocionus - twitches or jerks casued by sudden muscle contractions (can include seizures)

Encephalopathy - altered brain function: confusion, coma, ataxia

Diaphoresis - excessive sweating; being "soaked"

14

The neurotransmitter ______ increases attention, alertness, and decreases pain.

a.) Serotonin

b.) Norepinephrine

c.) Dopamine

Norepinephrine 

increases attention, alertness, and decreases pain.

15

The neurotransmitter ______ increases motivation and pleasure.

a.) Serotonin

b.) Norepinephrine

c.) Dopamine

Dopamine → increases motivation and pleasure

16

The neurotransmitter ______ decreases anxiety and OCD.

a.) Serotonin

b.) Norepinephrine

c.) Dopamine

Serotonin → decreases anxiety and OCD