Flashcards in Dermatology Deck (41):
What are the ABCDE warning signs?
Diameter larger than 6mm
What is important when documenting a lesion?
Color, moisture, turgor, texture, temperature
What is Hirsutism?
Abnormal hair growth in a female
What are Beau's Nails?
Grooved lines that run from side to side
What are Mee's Nails?
White lines or bands that transverse the nail
What are Lindsay's Nails?
Proximal portion of the nail is whitish in appearance while distal portion is red/pink/brown with a demarcation line between
What are Koilonychia?
What is pitting of the nail?
Pinhead sized depressions in the nail
What are splinter hemorrhages?
Small areas of bleeding from capillaries under the nail
What is a macule?
Flat, non-palpable, smaller than 1 cm
What is a patch?
Flat, non-palpable, greater than 1 cm
What is a wheal?
Solid, palpable, superficial area of cutaneous edema
What is a papule?
Solid, palpable, smaller than 1 cm, elevated above skin surface
What is a nodule?
Solid, palpable, 1-2 cm, usually spherical and maybe palpated deeper below the skin surface
What is a tumor?
Solid, palpable, greater than 2 cm, solid mass
What is a plaque?
Solid, palpable, elevated, flat topped, superficial papule with surface area greater than height, usually larger than 1 cm
What is a vesicle?
Fluid filled, palpable, smaller than 1 cm, filled with serous fluid
What is a bulla?
Fluid filled, palpable, greater than 1 cm, filled with serous fluid
What is a pustule?
Fluid filled, palpable, similar to vesicle but filled with pus
What is a comedo?
Plugged openings of a sebaceous gland
What is a burrow?
Smaller than 10mm raised tunnel
What is a cyst?
Palpable lesion filled with semiliquid material or fluid
What is an abscess?
Accumulation of purulrunt material in the dermis
What is a furuncle?
Inflammation of a hair follicle
What is a carbuncle?
A coalescence of several furuncles
What is milia?
Tiny, keratin filled cysts
What is erosion?
Loss of part or all of the epidermis, surface is moist
What is an ulcer?
Loss of epidermis and dermis may bleed
What is a fissure?
Linear crack from epidermis
What is a excoriation?
Superficial linear or dug out traumatized area usually self induced
What is atrophy?
Thinning of skin with loss of skin markings
What is sclerosis?
Diffuse or circumscribed hardening of skin
What is scaling?
Heaped up keratinized cells, white flakes on the epidermis
What is crusting?
Brown covering composed of dried residue of pus, serum or blood
What is a keloid?
Elevated enlarging scar growing beyond boundaries of wound
What is lichenification?
Roughening and thickening of epidermis accentuated skin markings
What is petechiae?
Reddish-purple, non-blanching, smaller than .5 cm
What is purpura?
Reddish-purple, non-blanching larger than .5 cm
What is ecchymosis?
A bruise; Reddish-purple, non-blanching, variable size
What is telangiectasia?
Fine, irregular dilated blood vessels