Dermatology Flashcards Preview

PCM Exams OMS-1 Fall > Dermatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dermatology Deck (41):
1

What are the ABCDE warning signs?

Asymmetry
Border
Color variation
Diameter larger than 6mm
Evolving

2

What is important when documenting a lesion?

Color, moisture, turgor, texture, temperature

3

What is Hirsutism?

Abnormal hair growth in a female

4

What are Beau's Nails?

Grooved lines that run from side to side

5

What are Mee's Nails?

White lines or bands that transverse the nail

6

What are Lindsay's Nails?

Proximal portion of the nail is whitish in appearance while distal portion is red/pink/brown with a demarcation line between

7

What are Koilonychia?

Spoon nails

8

What is pitting of the nail?

Pinhead sized depressions in the nail

9

What are splinter hemorrhages?

Small areas of bleeding from capillaries under the nail

10

What is a macule?

Flat, non-palpable, smaller than 1 cm

11

What is a patch?

Flat, non-palpable, greater than 1 cm

12

What is a wheal?

Solid, palpable, superficial area of cutaneous edema

13

What is a papule?

Solid, palpable, smaller than 1 cm, elevated above skin surface

14

What is a nodule?

Solid, palpable, 1-2 cm, usually spherical and maybe palpated deeper below the skin surface

15

What is a tumor?

Solid, palpable, greater than 2 cm, solid mass

16

What is a plaque?

Solid, palpable, elevated, flat topped, superficial papule with surface area greater than height, usually larger than 1 cm

17

What is a vesicle?

Fluid filled, palpable, smaller than 1 cm, filled with serous fluid

18

What is a bulla?

Fluid filled, palpable, greater than 1 cm, filled with serous fluid

19

What is a pustule?

Fluid filled, palpable, similar to vesicle but filled with pus

20

What is a comedo?

Plugged openings of a sebaceous gland

21

What is a burrow?

Smaller than 10mm raised tunnel

22

What is a cyst?

Palpable lesion filled with semiliquid material or fluid

23

What is an abscess?

Accumulation of purulrunt material in the dermis

24

What is a furuncle?

Inflammation of a hair follicle

25

What is a carbuncle?

A coalescence of several furuncles

26

What is milia?

Tiny, keratin filled cysts

27

What is erosion?

Loss of part or all of the epidermis, surface is moist

28

What is an ulcer?

Loss of epidermis and dermis may bleed

29

What is a fissure?

Linear crack from epidermis

30

What is a excoriation?

Superficial linear or dug out traumatized area usually self induced

31

What is atrophy?

Thinning of skin with loss of skin markings

32

What is sclerosis?

Diffuse or circumscribed hardening of skin

33

What is scaling?

Heaped up keratinized cells, white flakes on the epidermis

34

What is crusting?

Brown covering composed of dried residue of pus, serum or blood

35

What is a keloid?

Elevated enlarging scar growing beyond boundaries of wound

36

What is lichenification?

Roughening and thickening of epidermis accentuated skin markings

37

What is petechiae?

Reddish-purple, non-blanching, smaller than .5 cm

38

What is purpura?

Reddish-purple, non-blanching larger than .5 cm

39

What is ecchymosis?

A bruise; Reddish-purple, non-blanching, variable size

40

What is telangiectasia?

Fine, irregular dilated blood vessels

41

What is spider angioma?

Central red body with radiating spider like arms that blanch with pressure to the central area