Diabetes Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Diabetes Unit 4 Deck (19):
0

What is diabetes?

Diabetes Melkite is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin
-characterized by high blood sugar

1

Insulin is key

Insulin a role is to stimulate THE UPTAKE OF GLUCOSE by the cells

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Why is diabetes on the rise?

Increased sedentary lifestyle
Increased high risk ethnic populations
Increasing age of population

3

Types of diabetes

Type 1-5%-10%-begins in childhood, can't make insulin
Type 2-90-95%-insulin resistance
Linked to obesity and physical inactivity

4

Type 1 Diabetes

Immune mediated-formerly juvenile diabetes

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Type 2 Diabetes

Non insulin dependent diabetes
Onsets after age 40
May have Asymptomatic HYPERGLYCEMIA for many years
Obesity and insulin resistance are common

6

Gestational Diabetes

Diagnosed during 2nd trimester
More common in obese mothers
Large baby's 9+

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Signs am symptoms

Type1-acute ketoacidosis
Type2-Asymptomatic initially
Fatigue
Blurred vision
Increased hunger and urine production

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Ketoacidosis

High blood sugar levels with lack of insulin makes acid in blood

Happens when body produces ketone and insulin is low

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Diagnosis

Fasting plasma glucose test
Oral glucose tolerance test
Random plasma glucose test

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Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose

Predicable tic reversible conditions

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T2D non modifiable risk factors

Over 45 years old
Family history
Birth of 9 pound baby
History of obesity

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T2D lifestyle risk factors

OVERWEIGHT OR OBESE particularly visceral fat despoliation
Physical inactivity
Smoking

13

Complications of Diabetes

Acute complications are related to HIGH AND LOW BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS

chronic are generally more serious and are related to THE COMORBIDITIES THAT ACCOMPANY DIABETES

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Chronic complications of diabetes

Can effect the radio vascular and nervous system

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Vision complications

Glaucoma-peripheral then total blindness
Cataracts-clouding of eye lens
Diabetic retinopathy-damaged vessels

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Kidney Disease

Kidneys have to work harder-increase amount of blood filtered

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Complications of diabetes

Amputation
Poor circulation
Periodontal disease
Pregnancy complications

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Treatment

Exercise-effects lasts less than 72 hours
Nutrition-