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Knee Conditions > Diagnosis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diagnosis Deck (61)
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1

Traumatic Arthritis

Capsular pattern,
Pain,
Swelling,
Decrease in activity tolerance

2

Hemarthrosis

Patient history,
Physical examination, Severe pain,
Rapid swelling (3-4 hrs), Associated with hemophilia and OA flap tear of meniscus

3

Monoarticular Steroid-Sensitive Arthritis

Capsular pattern,
Patient history

4

Septic Arthritis

Spread of infection into joint capsule,
Leukocyte count of synovial fluid

5

Discoid Meniscus

Congenital defect-more prone to injury, Meniscus half-moon or full circle shaped rather than crescent shaped

6

Medial Coronary Ligament Injury

History of rotation trauma,
Painful lateral rotation, Local tenderness

7

Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injury

History of trauma→ Acute cases: capsular pattern and local tenderness;
Chronic cases: limitation in a non-capsular pattern

Painful valgus and lateral rotation

8

Intra-articular Adhesions

Typically seen s/p surgery or after sprain, Knee stiffens progressively and painlessly in flexion but normal with extension, Pathology is palpable and clicking is present

9

Subsynovial Hematoma

History of local blow, Marked limitation of flexion,
Normal extension

10

Medial Collateral Bursitis

Middle-aged,
Nocturnal pain,
Non-capsular pattern, Painful valgus and external rotation, Hardish swelling

11

Medial Meniscus Injury

Locking/manipulative unlocking,
Symptoms of sprained coronary ligament

12

Patellar Bursitis

Pain with activity,
Swelling,
Tenderness,
Warmth in the anterior knee

13

Popliteal (Baker's) Cyst

Can result from trauma, Must rule out DVT

14

Adherent Vastus Intermedius

Limited knee flexion, Normal extension, Follows femur fracture

15

Chronic Non-adherent Ligamentous Lesion
(Plica Mediopatellaris)

Vague medial pain, Sometimes twinges, Painful arc,
Local thickening and tenderness

16

Loose Body

Middle-aged individual,
Twinges-usually on walking downstairs,
Non-capsular pattern, Typical end-feel,
“Sprain without a sprain”

17

Plica Synovialis Syndrome

Aggravation of pain with loading activities (stairs)

18

Patellar Bursitis

Pain with activity,
Swelling,
Tenderness,
Warmth of anterior knee

19

Patellofemoral Pain Disorders

Dull pain,
Pain during sitting, Increased Q angle, Hypertrophied lateral bands,
Crepitus during squatting

20

Patellofemoral Arthrosis

Anterior pain while walking upstairs, Crepitus,
Sometimes pain during sitting

21

Sprain of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament--
Anterior Insertion

Trauma→
Acute stages: capsular pattern;
Chronic stage: Exclusively a positive anterior drawer test

22

Sprain of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament--
Anterior Insertion

Trauma→
Acute stages: capsular pattern;
Chronic stage: Exclusively a positive posterior drawer test

23

Suprapatellar Tendinitis

Painful resisted extension,
Tenderness at the upper border

24

Infrapatellar Tendinitis

Painful resisted extension,
Tenderness at the lower pole

25

Infrapatellar Tenosynovitis

Painful resisted extension,
Crepitus,
Local tenderness

26

Quadriceps Expansion Tendinitis

Painful resisted extension,
Lateral or medial tenderness

27

Medial Quadriceps Expansion Tendinitis

Pain during exertion,
Resisted extension painful,
Local tenderness

28

Pes Anserine Tendinitis

Resisted flexion and internal rotation painful

29

Lateral Coronary Ligament Injury

Often mistaken for meniscal lesion,
Pain with twisting,
Joint line tenderness

30

Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) Injury

Patient history of varus forces at the knee,
Tenderness with palpation (knee at 20 degrees)