Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology: Test 1 > Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms Deck (17):
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Adhesion

abnormal fibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated- adhesions may occur within body cavities as a result of surgery

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Analyte

substance analyzed or tested, generally by means of laboratory methods- in a glucose tolerance test, glucose is the analyte

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Contrast Medium

substance injected into the body, introduced via catheter, or swallowed to facilitate radiographic images of internal structures that otherwise are difficult to visualize on x-ray films

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Dehiscence

bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound

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Febrile

feverish; pertaining to a fever

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Homeostasis

relative constancy or balance in the internal environment of the body, maintained by processes of feedback and adjustment in response to external or internal changes

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Inflammation

body defense against injury, infection, or allergy that is marked by redness, swelling, heat, pain, and sometimes loss of function

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Morbid

diseased; pertaining to a disease

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Nuclear Medicine

branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis, treatment, and research

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Radiology

medical specialty concerned with the use of electromagnetic radiation, ultrasound, and imaging techniques for diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury

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Interventional Radiology

radiological practice that employs fluoroscopy; CT, and ultrasound in nonsurgical treatment of various disorders
Ex: balloon angioplasty and cardiae catheterization

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Therapeutic Radiology

use of ionizing radiation in the treatment of cancer; also called radiation oncology

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Radionuclides

substances that emit radiation spontaneously; also called tracers

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Radiopharmaceutical

radionuclide attached to a protein, sugar, or other substance used to visualize an organ or area of the body that will be scanned

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Scan

term used to describe a computerized image by modality (such as CT, MRI, and nuclear imgaing) or by structure (such as thyroid and bone)

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Sepsis

pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the bloodstream

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Suppurative

producing or associated with generation of pus