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Flashcards in Diet, health and well being Deck (23):
1

Health

A state of complete mental, physical and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity

2

Fitness

The ability to meet the demands of the environment

3

Well-being

A mix of physical, mental and social factors that give a person a scene of being comfortable, healthy and/or happy

4

Physical health and well being

All body systems are working well, free from illness and injury and having the ability to carry out everyday task

5

Mental health and well-being

A state in which every individual realise his or her own Potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her own community

6

Social health and well being

Basic human needs are meet (food, shelter clothing etc). The individual has shelter and support, some value to society, is socially active and has little stress in social circumstances

7

Sedentary lifestyle

Where you do very little out of your home

8

Obesity

Where you have a BMI (body mass index) of 30 or over

9

Carbohydrates

This is the main energy source of the body and they produce energy during exercise

10

Simple carbohydrates

Found in foods such as sugar, milk and fruits

11

Complex carbohydrates

Found in food such as bread, pasta, potatoes, rice and beans

12

Proteins

These are needed for growth and repair.

13

Animal proteins

In foods such as fish, chicken and red meat

14

Vegetable protein

In foods such as beans, grains and food from animals such as milk, egg and cheese

15

Vitamins

These help to maintain good health. But only small quantities are needed within your diet

16

Fats

These are a source of energy and they also help to keep the body at a good temperature

17

Minerals

These are essential for health, bones and tissue function.

18

Water

Water is a means of transport for nutrients, waste and hormones.

19

Why you need water?

You need watch to replace watch you lost during exercise. Without it you will become dehydrated which can cause serious problems

20

Macro nutrients

-Proteins
-carbohydrates
-fats

21

Microbes

-vitamins
-minerals

22

Others

-water
-fats

23

Serotonin

A feel-good chemical released during exercise