Directional/Planes/Dental Terms Flashcards Preview

Anthropology (ANT 301) > Directional/Planes/Dental Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Directional/Planes/Dental Terms Deck (30):
1

orthograde

trunk held upright

2

pronograde

walking on four limbs, with the trunk horizontal

3

superior

toward the head end of the body

4

inferior

opposite of cranial; toward the tail end of the body

5

anterior

toward the belly

6

posterior

opposite of ventral; toward the back

7

Medial

toward the midline (middle) of the body

8

Lateral

opposite of medial; away from the midline of the body

9

Proximal

nearer to the axial skeleton, usually used for limb bones

10

Distal

opposite of proximal; farther from the axial skeleton (toward the digits)

11

For pronograde: Cranial

toward the head end of the body

12

For pronograde: Caudal

opposite of cranial; toward the tail end of the body

13

For pronograde: Ventral

toward the belly

14

For pronograde: Dorsal

opposite of ventral; toward the back

15

Sagittal Plane

divides the body into symmetrical right and left halves

16

Coronal Plane

divides the body into anterior and posterior halves

17

Transverse Plane

a plane that slices through the body at any height but always passes
perpendicular to the sagittal and coronal planes (also referred to as horizontal)

18

(Dental) Mesial

towards the midline at the front of the mouth

19

(Dental) Distal

opposite of mesial; towards the back of the each tooth row

20

(Dental) Lingual

toward the tongue

21

(Dental) Buccal

toward the cheek

22

(Dental) Occlusal

the chewing surface of each tooth

23

Abduction

toe/thumb separated; opposable thumb

24

Adduction

toes/thumb in line/ not separated

25

dental formula

each quadrant has 2.1.2.3
2 incisors, 1 canine, 2 premolars, and 3 molars

26

anterior teeth

incisors and canines

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posterior teeth

premolars and molars

28

What is used specifically for limbs?

Proximal/distal

29

thumb =

pollux

30

big toe =

hallux