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Anatomy & Physiology for PCT > Directional Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Directional Terms Deck (30)
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1
Q

Superior/Cephalad

A

Above, toward the head or upper portion of a structure

2
Q

Inferior/Caudal

A

Below, away from the head or toward the tail or lower part of a structure

3
Q

Anterior/Ventral/Bellyside

A

Near the front of the body

4
Q

Posterior/Dorsal/Backwards/Behind

A

Near the back of the body

5
Q

Medial

A

Midline of the body

6
Q

Lateral

A

To the side

7
Q

Proximal

A

Near the center or to the point of attachment to the body

8
Q

Distal

A

Further away from the center or from the point of attachment to the body

9
Q

Superficial

A

Toward the surface of the body

10
Q

Deep

A

Away from the surface of the body, internal

11
Q

Parietal

A

Pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity

12
Q

Visceral

A

Pertaining to the viscera or internal organs, especially the abdominal organs

13
Q

Supine

A

Lying on the back, face upwards

14
Q

Prone

A

Lying on the stomach, face downwards

15
Q

Adduction

A

Movement towards the midline of the body

16
Q

Abduction

A

Movement away from the midline of the body

17
Q

Inversion

A

Turning inward or inside out

18
Q

Eversion

A

Turning outward

19
Q

Palmar

A

Pertaining to the palm of the hand

20
Q

Planter

A

Pertaining in the sole of the hand

21
Q

Supination

A

Turning the palm upwards toward the sky

22
Q

Pronation

A

Turning the palm downward toward the floor

23
Q

Dorsiflexion

A

Upwards or backwards bending of a part of the body

24
Q

Flexion

A

Bending a body part

25
Q

Rotation

A

Turning of a joint

26
Q

Extension

A

Straightening of a joint

27
Q

Thoracic

A

Heart, lungs and abdominopelvic

28
Q

Abdominopelvic

A

Digestive and reproductive organs

29
Q

Cranial

A

Brain and spinal

30
Q

Spinal

A

Spinal cord