Disability & Lifestyle Flashcards Preview

618 Phys Dys 2 Quiz1 > Disability & Lifestyle > Flashcards

Flashcards in Disability & Lifestyle Deck (33)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the leading cause of death and disability in the U.S.

Chronic Disease

2

Blank/10 Deaths in Americans are from chronic illness annually

7

3

What 3 diseases account for >50% of deaths annually

Heart Diseases, CA, CVA

4

In 2005 almost BLANK out of every 2 adults had at least 1 chronic illness

1

5

BLANK/3 adults is obese

1

6

BLANK amount of people with chronic conditions have 1 or more daily activity restrictions

1/4

7

BLANK is the most common cause of disability impacting activity

Arthritis

8

BLANK is the leading cause of kidney failure, LE amputations, and blindness in adults ages 20-74

Diabetes

9

What are the 4 modifiable health risk behaviors are responsible for illness, suffering, & early death

Lack of physical activity
Poor nutrition
Tobacco use
Excessive alcohol consumption

10

More then BLANK adults do not get recommended aerobic exercise

1/3

11

BLANK % of people report no leisure (physical activity) time at all in preceding months

23%

12

less then BLANK 5 of HS students & BLANK % of adults eat 5 or > fruits & vegetables daily

22%
24%

13

Blank % of high school students use tobacco

20%

14

BLANK cancer is the leading cause of cancer death

Lung

15

BLANK % of HS students report using ETOH in the past 30 days

45%

16

>BLANK % who drink report binge drinking w/in the past 30 days

60%

17

ETOH is a link between what three types of cancer

Liver, breast, and colon

18

Foundation for both clinical and community based practice

Occupational therapy practice framework

19

Body functions domain

Physiological and psychological functions of body systems

20

International Classification of Functioning Disability & Health (WHO)

Model that integrates cognitive and physical functioning

21

Body structures domain

Anatomical parts of the body such as organs, limbs & their components

22

Activities & Participation Domain : Activities

individual functioning (dressing)

23

Activities & Participation Domain : Participation

One's involvement in society

24

Activities & Participation Domain : Overview

Useful model for community integration as it links physical, cognitive elements with activities integral to the success of social role fulfillment.
These should be highly considered with pt's. who have chronic illness' b/c their lifestyle habits can be counter productive.

25

Health Participation

When person takes part in all life areas or situation they wish to participate in (community, social, civil)

26

Environmental Factors Domain

Make up the physical, social, & attiudinal environment in which people live & conduct their lives. (contextual factors, technology)

27

Language & its effect on disability perceptions

Labels can be oppressive and stigmatizing
Use person first language

28

Embodies experience of disability

Differences between insider & outsider knowledge and experience
Human experience is shaped by interacting with one's world

29

Components that impact the perception of disability

Health behaviors (pre disability)
Lifestyle (pre disability)
Social practices (support network)
Strategies (coping)
Resources

30

CHART assessment

Self report determining the extent of social partcipation and community integration

31

Challenges for disabled person

Positive identity
Normal vs abnormal comparisons
Persons are made disabled by social oppersion
Burden of living w/ social reaction into the disability
Public policy

32

Human Diversity

Some propose that disability is a part of human diversity and should be viewed as nothing more

33

Critical areas for OT practice for Physical Rehab

How does OT address the issues of chronic health problems and multiple co-morbidities
If participation is the ultimate goal of OT practice, how might re-defining disability as a value-neutral concept better enable participation?
Adoption of social model vs medical model of disability