Discovering the new world Flashcards Preview

Zionism > Discovering the new world > Flashcards

Flashcards in Discovering the new world Deck (16):
1

Italian Renaissance

puts man instead of God in the center of the world

2

Since the 15th' century Europeans seek alternative naval routes to the east

after the Turks close them down.

3

major objective

China (the Kingdom of Citahi, inspired by Marco Polo) and India.

4

Technological aspect

the Portuguese naval vessel: The "Caravella". Other important inventions that were brought from China: The compass and the steering wheel.

5

1415

Enriques the Navigator – North Africa.

6

1486

Bartolommeo Dias: The Good Hope Cape – South Africa.

7

1497

Vasco De Gama: Calacta harbor India.

8

Isabel and Ferdinand

End of the Reconquista, January 1492

9

Two major objectives for Spanish expansion

Trade routes for the East, and the conversion of native Indians to Christianity

10

Two Spanish kings that turn Spain into a naval empire in Latin America during the 16th' century

1. Carl (1516 – 1556) and Philip the 2nd' (1556 – 1598). Both of them fought the rise of Protestantism and the Ottoman Empire.

11

Christopher Columbus

Left Barcelona on 2\8\1492 and arrived to the Bahamas on 12\10\1492. He died in 1506 with out knowing that he had discovered a new continent.

12

1500

Caravel finds Brazil.

13

1519 - 1522:

Ferdinand Magellan goes around the world

14

Major Portuguese and Spanish objectives

Securing naval routes and promoting trade, converting locals, and for the Spanish: establishing permanent settlements.

15

The impact of the new world on Europe

Transferring the balance of trade from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic.

16

New trade changes the market and introduces

new products such as sugar, coco, tobacco, potatoes and corn. + New perspectives and cultures