Disk Four (toddler and preschool) Flashcards Preview

Barkely review > Disk Four (toddler and preschool) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Disk Four (toddler and preschool) Deck (22):
1

fissures at the corner of the lips indicate what?

Vitamin deficiency.
(AKA: Chilosis)

2

What age do we stop measuring head circumference?

2 years old

3

Anterior fontanel close by when?

18 months of age

4

Describe Phimosis

A condition in which the foreskin is tightly stretched around the head of the penis and cannot be pulled back freely.

5

What are probably causes of inward- turned foot/feet?

Femoral anteversion
or
Tibial torsion

6

Which type of lymphadenopathy in children requires aggressive investigation?

Supraclavicular lymphadenopathy.

7

Preconceptional thinking is authored by whom and occurs when?

Piaget
Occurs from age 2 to 4 years old
Egocentric and magical thinkers.
(unable to separate fact/fantasy)

8

Intuitive thinking is authored by whom and occurs when?

Piaget
Occurs from age 4 to 7 years old
Simple cause and effect to others

9

The visual acuity of a 5 year old is about what?

20/30

10

What type of play do toddlers vs preschoolers engage in?

Toddlers engage in "onlooker" and "parallel" play.

Preschoolers engage in associative, cooperative, dramatic and physical play.

11

At what age should the average child be able to walk up and down stairs with alternating feet?

4 years old

12

When should a spoon be introduced for feeding?

About 15 months old. By 18 months old, a child should be able to feed self with spoon.

13

At what age is this considered a warning sign: A child who is not making eye contact

18 months old

14

There are four types of pervasive development disorders?

Autism spectrum
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Aspergers's Syndrome
Rett's disorder

15

Describe a child with suspected Autism disorder.

A marked abnormal or impaired development in social interaction usually noted in the first year. Manifested by restrictive repertoire of activity and interests or language delay.

16

Describe a child with suspected Asperger's syndrome:

Severe and sustained impairment in social interaction.
Restricted repetitive patters of behavior/interests/activities.
May exhibit OCD tendencies or language delay.

17

Obsessive compulsive disorder can be a part of what other syndrome?

Asperger's syndrome.

18

Describe a child with Rett's syndrome:

Only occurs in females. unknown etiology. First 5 months of life is normal development followed by a neuro-degenerative regression, not meeting milestones, seizures, hypertonicity. They also develop repetitive, purposeless hand movements that may differ for each child.

19

One issue with giving a toddler skim milk is?

Skim milk does not contain enough essential fatty acids.

20

What is associative play?

Children are playing the same game, but they are not working together or connecting with one another.

21

What is cooperative play?

Children are working together to play a game. Cooperative play is more advanced than associative play patterns

22

What is parallel play?

Children are playing the same game or activity. They are playing next to each other, but they are not talking or doing the same activity.