Disorders of Bone Marrow Week 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Disorders of Bone Marrow Week 3 Deck (58)
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1

Blood

supplied body tissues with oxygen, nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, glucose and amino acids, and various chemicals such as hormones.

2

hem/o hemat/o

combining forms for blood

3

hemotology

the study of blood

4

hematopoiesis

the medical terminology for the formation of blood

5

poiesis

suffix that means formation

6

drawing blood

a common term for collecting a blood sample

7

anticoagulant

prevents clotting of the blood

8

EDTA and Heparin

types of anticoagulants used in blood tubes

9

Coagulation

the process of clottings.

10

buffy coat

the layer that appears t the interface of the erythorocytes and plasma

11

Serum

the liquid portion of bblood with clotting protiens removed

12

plasma

the straw colored fluid portion of blood that transports nutrients, hormons and waste products.

13

colloid

a liquid that contains suspended particles (in the case of plasma, most of the suspended particles are clotting proteins)

14

fibrinogen and prothrombin

clotting protiens found in plasma

15

fibrin/o

the combining form that means fibrin or threads of a clot

16

pro

the prefix that means before

17

thromb/o

the combining form that means clot

18

albumin

another exampple of a plasma protien

19

cholesterol and triglyceride

types of lipids that circulate in the blood

20

erythorocyte

a matures red blood cell and is abbreviated RBC

21

erythr/o

the combining form that means red

22

cyte

suffix that means cell

23

hemoglobin

the blood protein that transports oxygen

24

heme

the nonprotein iron containing portion of hemoglobin

25

central pallor

the central pale area of the RBC that represents the thinnest part of the biconcave disc

26

myel/o

the combining form for bone marrow

27

reticulocyte

an immature, non-nucleated erythrocyte characterized by polychromasia or a meshlike pattern of threads.

28

reticulocytosis

the increase of reticulocytes as the bone marrow responds to blood loss.

29

Macrophage

a large cell that destroys by eating

30

macr/o

the combining form that means large