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Human Biology Unit 3 + 4 > Disruptions to Homeostasis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Disruptions to Homeostasis Deck (17)
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1

Onset Diabetes Type One

Born with it

2

Onset Diabetes type two

Develops into Adulthood

3

Causes of Diabetes Type One

Beta Cells are destructed which causes a failure in a persons immune system which causes an inability to produce Insulin

4

Causes of Diabetes Type Two

Unhealthy lifestyle choices, obesity, lack of physical exercise, high cholesterol which causes insulin receptors to wear out and insulin cannot be detected

5

Diagnosis of Diabetes Type One and Two

Abnormally high glucose levels in the blood

6

Symptoms of Diabetes type one and Two

Tiredness and Thirsty

7

Long Terms effects of diabetes type one and two

Heart disease, kidney failure, nerve damage

8

Hyperthyroidism Causes

Autoimmune Disease

Caused by antibodies binding to thyroid which causes an overproduction of Thyroxine

9

Hypothyroidism Causes

1. Iodine Deficiency
2. Damage to thyroid = unable to produce thyroxine
3. Effects on immune system = thyroid is not responsive to TSH

10

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

Weight Loss
Rapid heartbeat
Fatigue
Increases appetite

11

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Weight Gain
Slow Heartbeat
Fatigue
Decreased metabolic rate

12

Diagnosis of Hyperthyroidism

Abnormal high levels of thyroxine

13

Diagnosis of Hypothyroidism

Abnormally Low Levels of thyroxine

14

Treatment of Hyperthyroidism

Radioactive Iodine

Surgery to remove thyroid

Anti-thyroid drugs

15

Treatment of Hypothyroidism

Iodine Supplements

Synthetic thyroxine tablets

16

Treatment of Diabetes Type One

Insulin injections/pump

17

Treatment Diabetes type two

Healthier lifestyle choices