DO and IO Pronouns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in DO and IO Pronouns Deck (14):
1

Definition of Indirect Object Pronoun

The IO tells us where the DO is going

The IO tells us "To Whom" or "For Whom" the action of the verb is performed

There is usually a DO, although sometimes implied

2

Indirect object pronouns

Me
Te
Le
Nos
Les

3

One verb

Juan buys me a gift

IO immediately before conjugated verb

Juan me compra un regalo

4

Use prepositional phrase to avoid le / les ambiguity

She writes a letter to Juan
She writes a letter to her parents

Ella le escribe a Juan una carta

Ella les escribe a sus padres una carta

5

Use prepositional phrase for emphasis

Juan gives me the money (emphasize money given to me not someone else)

Juan me da a mí el dinero

6

Indirect objects with two verbs - 2 options

You need to give me a gift

Me necesitas dar un regalo

Necesitas darme un regalo

7

IO and DO in same sentence - Order

They give them to me

She sells it to you

IO comes first

Ellos me los dan

Ella te la vende

8

If both pronouns start with L

I don't have it for you

I never buy them for her

Change Le/Les to Se

No se lo tengo

Nunca se los compro

9

When IO converted to Se, use Prepositional Phrase for clarity

He tells it to him (to Juan)

He tells it to her (to specific her)

Él se lo dice a Juan

Él se lo dice a ella

10

IO an DO in same sentence with two verbs - two options

She should explain it to me

I want to tell it to you

Ella me lo debe explicar
Ella debe explicármelo

Te lo quiero decir
Quiero decírtelo

11

Definition of Direct Object Pronoun

The object that directly receives the action of the verb

12

Where does the direct object pronoun go

I have the pen
DO = pen
I have it

Immediately before the conjugated verb

Yo tengo la pluma
La tengo

13

Direct Object Pronouns

Me
Te
Lo / La
Nos
Los / Las

14

Direct objects with two verbs - 2 options

We should buy it

Lo debemos comprar
Debemos comprarlo