Drama Terms Flashcards Preview

Law > Drama Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drama Terms Deck (46):
1

Tetralogy

Tragedy competition format
Trilogy + Satyr play
Only complete trilogy is the Orestaia, only Satyr play Cyclops

2

Archon

Official of Athens
Originally elected, later by lottery
One of them was in charge of organizing festivals
Picks entrants

3

Satyr Play

4th play of a Tetralogy
Only complete one is the Cyclops
Tragicomedy

4

Prologue

Opening scene of a Greek play
Tells you which story will be told

5

Parados

The chorus's entry song
Also apart of the theater that people enter/exit by

6

Exodus

Exit song of the Chorus
Usually imparts the moral

7

City Dionysia

Biggest drama festival held in Athens
Honors Dionysus
3 Tragedy tetralogies, 5 Comedy plays

8

Lenaia

Smaller Athenian drama festival
Originally just Comedy (5) but later 2 Tragedies
Focused on wine, but later included drama

9

Parabasis

All the actors leave the stage and the chorus adresses the audience directly
Only in Old Comedy
Usually includes in-jokes and stuff the poet wanted to say

10

Agon

Debate/Contest between 2 characters
For example the end of the Frogs

11

fabula palliata

Roman drama term
"In Greek Dress" (referring to the pallium, a greek cloak)
Roman dramas based on greek drama

12

fescennine verse

Rude/Vulgar poetry
Would evolve into Roman Comedy

13

Atellan farce

Improvised, masked, farce performances
Leaned heavily on stock characters
Banned by Emperor Tiberius

14

Menander

The biggest name of Late Comedy
Only fragments survive
All of our knowledge of his work comes from the Roman poets that claimed to be imitating him

15

Livius Andronicus

First person to write literature in latin
Greek man that translated Homer and others into latin
Wrote New Comedy plays in latin

16

Naevius

Invented fabula praetexta (National Drama)
Wrote frequently in the New Drama style
Imprisoned/Exiled for including politicians in his dramas

17

Sophistry

Misleading arguments
Taught by the Sophists to help people win arguments

18

Golden Fleece

The treasure Jason was after on Colchis
Gold haired, winged ram skin
Came from the animal used to save Nephele's Children
Helle fell off into the Hellespont

19

Minotaur

Theseus kills this Cretan monster
Head of a bull, body of a man
Eats people
Spawned when the wife of Minos slept with poseidon's favorite bull

20

katabasis

Trips to the underworld
Odysseus, Orpheus

21

Dramatic Irony

When the audience knows something the characters don't. Used for either suspense or comedy

22

Miasma

Religious pollution
For example the curse fo the Atredaie is a result of the miasma on their house for all the child-feeding

23

Katharsis

Most important purpose of Tragedy according to Aristotle
Watching a tragedy purges negativity from the soul

24

anagnorisis

Sudden revelation
Ultimate form is paired with peripeteia
Oediups murdered his father and married his mother

25

peripeteia

Sudden reversal of fortune
Most powerful part of a plat if paired with a revelation

26

Haimon

Son of Creon and Eurydice
Kills himself when Antigone, his fiance, kills herself

27

Polyneices

Son of Oedipus
Fights with his brother over Thebes
Creon refused to let him be buried, Antigone ignored this

28

Eteocles

Brother of Polyneices
Was the brother allowed to be buried
Was the winner of the power struggle but still ended up dead

29

Ismene

Sister of Antigone
Initially refuses to help her
Takes her side and demands equal punishment when Antigone is caught

30

Laius

Father of Oedipus
King of Thebes, retook it after a coup against his father
Killed because of the prophecy

31

Cadmus

First king of Thebes and first Greek hero
One of the 3 great monster slayers before Heracles
Introduced the alphabet to Greece (Phoenician)

32

Agave

Daughter of Cadmus, mother of Pentheus
Falls under the indluence of Dionysus
Tears apart her son in madness

33

Xanthias

Servant of Dionysus
Repeatedly saves Dionysus by pretending to be Heracles

34

Aeacus

Grandfather of Achilles
Story about him building Troy
Was the judge of the European shades in Hades

35

Helios

Sun Titan, drives the Chariot of the Sun
Father of Phaethon that nearly burned the world
Owner of the sacred Red Bulls Odysseus finds

36

Galatea

Object of Polyphemus's desire

37

stichomythia

Rapid fire dialogue between 2 characters
ex. Dionysus/Xanthias in the Frogs prologue

38

Choregos

Rich man appointed with training/Equipping a Chorus
Competed to have the best chorus for pride

39

ekkyklema

Scenes brought out on a Skene
Used to show interior scenes
Shows the result of violence (on-screen was banned)

40

Aidos

Respect, veneration, sense of shame
Virtue for women

41

Sophrosyne

Self control, moderation
Opposite of Hubris

42

aischyne

Shame
Hides hidden and dark/impure desire

43

Actaeon

Theban hero trained by Chiron
Offended Artemis, transformed into a stag, and was mauled by his hunting dogs

44

Aedile

2-4 Public Officials
In charge of public buildings and games
Chooses plays and arranges for productions

45

Tibicen

Someone that plays the Tibia (Aulos in Greek)

46

Iambic Senarii

a L a L | a L a L | a L s L
Standard meter for spoken word