Drugs for CNS Flashcards Preview

Dispensing Lecture > Drugs for CNS > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drugs for CNS Deck (32)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

drug that suppresses pain inducing loss of perception without consciousness

A

Analgesic

2
Q

examples of analgesics

A

(Paracetamol) Biogesic, Panadol

3
Q

drug that eliminates pain perception in limited area by local action on sensory nerves

A

Local Anesthetic

4
Q

examples of local anesthetics

A

Lidocaine, Lignocaine, Prilocaine

5
Q

local anesthetic used by celebrities to numb their feet

A

EMLA

Mixture of Local Anesthetic

6
Q

drug that arrest convulsion by inducing general CNS depression / has a hypnotic effect

bawas ngisay

A

Anticonvulsant

7
Q

examples of anticonvulsants

A

Keppra, Carbamazepine, Levetiracetam, Valproic acid, Tegretol

8
Q

drug that reduces incidence of sensitivity of migraine vascular headache.

often ends with -triptan (Rizatriptan)

A

Anti-migraine

9
Q

examples of anti-migraine

A

Rizatriptan, Imigran, Sumatriptan

10
Q

drugs that suppresses the neurologic disturbances and symptoms of parkinsonism

A

Antiparkinsonism

11
Q

Why is Carbidopa + Levadopa always together?

A

Levadopa causes nausea and vomiting, thus Carbidopa suppresses its side effects

12
Q

drug that restores normal body
temperature in the presences of fever

bawas fever

A

Antipyretic

13
Q

examples of antipyretcs

A

(Paracetamol) Fevertab, (Aspirin) Cortal

14
Q

which is better: analgesics or antipyretics?

A

antipyretics

15
Q

analgesic only

A

Mefenamic acid

16
Q

analgesic and antipyretic

A

paracetamol

17
Q

analgesic, antipyretic, and anti inflammatory

A

aspirin

18
Q

a CNS depressant used to induce sleep (high dose)

pampatulog

A

Hypnotic

19
Q

drug that suppresses symptoms of anxiety (low dose)

A

Anxiolytic

20
Q

examples of hypnotic/anxiolytic

A

Zolpidem (Tartrate), Valium, Cionazepam, Rivotril

21
Q

a centrally acting drug that induces mood elevation, useful in treating mental depression

pataasin serotonin (the happy chemicals)

A

Antidepressant

22
Q

examples of antidepressants

A

Prozac, (Sertraline) Exulten, (Escitalopram) Jovia

23
Q

drug that suppresses symptoms of psychoses of various diagnostic types

aka antischizophreic / neuroleptics

A

Antipsychotic

24
Q

examples of anti-psychotics

A

(Olanzapine) Olandus, Olanzapro

25
Q

cause of psychosis?

A

too much dopamine and serotonin

26
Q

a drug that suppress dizziness

anti hilo

A

Anti-vertigo

27
Q

examples of anti-vertigo

A

(Betahistine) Serc, (Cinnarizine) Stugeron,

28
Q

drug that suppresses motion sickness like nausea, vomiting, and vertigo

for biyahe

A

Anti-motion sickness

29
Q

examples of anti-motion sickness

A

(Meclizine HCl) Dizitab, Bonamine

30
Q

adult dose for anti-motion sickness

A

25 mg

31
Q

child dose for anti-motion sickness

A

12.5 mg

32
Q

when should one take anti-motion sickness medicines?

A

1 hr before the trip