Flashcards in EA01 - Introduction to Culture Deck (34)
a shared set of traditions, belief systems, and behaviors and is shaped by many factors, including history, religion, politics, and resources
the most powerful or the most widely practiced cultures in a particular society, whether the society is a region or an entire country.
also called “subcultures.” They are described as a group of people living within a larger society who share values, beliefs, behaviors, status, or interests that are different from the macro-culture or the rest of society.
all the parts of a culture are interconnected and integrated.
a cognitive “shortcut” that helps us organize and interpret the vast amount of information that exists in our environment.
A culture’s values and beliefs are often manifested as symbols, which can be visible or invisible. Symbols can be words, objects, and stories that are meaningful to our culture.
The sum of beliefs and values that people use to define and interpret the world, and their place within it.
The ability to quickly and accurately comprehend, and then effectively act in a culturally complex environment to achieve the desired effect without necessarily having prior exposure to a particular group, region, or language.
An approach that emphasizes specific aspects of particular cultures, affording individuals much of the knowledge and/or skills necessary to interact more competently with individuals of other cultural backgrounds
The human tendency to negatively judge others (cultures,
behaviors, values) against our own values and beliefs.
Relativism (as an attitude)
The conviction that the beliefs and practices of others are best understood in light of the particular cultures where they are found.
Relativism (as a behavior)
Temporarily suspending one’s own culturally informed opinion and thinking about how others might interpret or value a situation.
3 Cross-Cultural Competence Skills
Cultural perspective taking
a cognitive process by which an individual is able to
identify the thoughts and/or feelings of another culture.
a fixed or distorted generalization about all members of a particular group that share a particular diversity.
the creation of an adverse or unreasonable opinion about a person or group without gathering all the facts and is usually based on deeply held beliefs.
is the visible act or consideration to act in favor of or against a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person/thing belongs, rather than on individual merit.
4 Components of the OODA Loop
The Observation step involves focused attention on your environment and gathering information through all five senses.
We begin this step by first attempting to make sense of what we are observing by categorizing (organizing) the data in a practical way that is useful to us.
In the Decide step, we consider all the courses of action developed and choose one to move forward with based on our options and understanding of the situation.
In this step, you review what you have decided to do, take action, and then reflect on how you executed your decision.
defined as the “Knowledge, motivation, and skills to
interact effectively and appropriately with members of different cultures.”
a speaker’s implicit, internalized knowledge of the rules of their native language.
understanding how to properly communicate in another language or culture.
Deliberate and motivated self-presentation
the image we want others to have of us
how others actually view us
the ability to manage, modify, and use our emotions toward constructive outcomes.