Easy French Ch 6: Expressing Future with Aller, Prepositions, faire Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Easy French Ch 6: Expressing Future with Aller, Prepositions, faire Deck (87)
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1

How do you form le future proche?

Aller + infinitive

2

Alors, quand vas-tu . . .?

So, when are you going to . . . ?

3

l'annee prochaine*

Next year

4

après-demain

the day after tomorrow

5

cet après-midi

this afternoon

6

bientot*

soon

7

demain

tomorrow

8

dans huit jours

in a week/eight days

9

dans quinze jours

in 2 weeks/15 days

10

ce matin

this morning

11

la semaine prochaine

next week

12

ce soir

this evening; tonight

13

tout a l'heure*

in a little while, soon

14

tout de suite

right away, immediately

15

(un peu) plus tard

(a little) later

16

ce week-end

this weekend

17

a*

at; to; in (preposition)

18

avec

with (preposition)

19

de

of; from; about (preposition)

20

en

in; on (preposition)

21

pour

for; to, in order to (preposition)

22

sans

without

23

en retard

late

24

en avance

early

25

Which preposition is used to indicate location or destination (at, in, or to), and with the names of most cities?

a*

26

Which proposition used before an indirect object noun (usually a person or a pet) to mean to or for?

a*

27

demander a*

to ask (for)

28

donner a*

to give to

29

montrer a*

to show to

30

parler a*

to speak to

31

repondre a*

to answer to

32

telephoner a*

to phone, to call

33

Which proposition is used to indicated where someone or something comes from?

de/d'

34

Which preposition is used to express possession and the concept of belonging to or being a part of something?

de/d'

e.g., Tu travailles a la librairie de l'universite? (Do you work at the university bookstore?)

35

Which preposition is used with the verb parker to mean about?

de/d'

e.g., De quoi parlez-vous? (What are you talking about?
On parle de la nouvelle épicerie. (We're talking about the new grocery store.)

36

Which preposition is used as a descriptive phrase before a noun (equivalent to an adjective in English)?

Though English nouns can be used as adjectives (e.g, the history book), French always uses this preposition + a noun in these cases (le livre ___histoire)

de/d'

e.g., le professeur de chimie (the chemistry professor)
la vie d'etudiant (student life)
le livre de chinois (the Chinese book)
le livre d'histoire (the history book)
l'agent de voyages (the travel agent)

37

What are the contractions of a with the definite articles?

a la
a l'
a + le = au (Elle va au cinema)
a + les = aux (Elle telephone aux amis de Nicole.)

38

What are the contractions of de with the definite articles?

de la
de l'
de + le = du (Il rentre du travail. He comes home from work.)
de + les = des (Il rentre des champs. He comes home from the fields.)

39

a cote de*

beside, next to

40

a droite de

a gauche de

to the right of

to the left of

41

entre

between

42

a l'est de

a l'ouest de

to the east of

to the west of

43

loin de

pres de

far from

near

44

en face de

facing, opposite

45

au nord de

au sud de

to the north of

to the south of

46

par

by, through

47

dans

hors de

in, inside of

outside of

48

par terre

on the floor/ground

49

derriere

devant

behind

in front of

50

sous

sur

under

on top of

51

apres + noun*

after

52

Je vais en ville après (le) déjeuner.

I'm going into town after lunch.

53

avant de/d' + infinitive

before (in time)

54

Nous dinons avant de regarder le film.

We have dinner before watching the movie.

55

dans + time period

in (the time that will elapse until something occurs)

56

Chantal arrive dans dix jours.

Chantal arrives in 10 days.

57

depuis + pt in time or length of time

since, for (action is still going on in the present)

58

J'etudie le français depuis deux ans.

I've been studying French for 2 years.

59

J'etudie le français depuis janvier 2007.

I've been studying French since January 2007.

60

en + time period

in (the length of time it takes to accomplish something)

61

Il est possible de preparer un repas en une heure.

It's possible to prepare a meal in an hour.

62

jusqu'a + pt in time

until

63

Laurence reste ici jusqu'a mercredi.

Laurence is staying here until Wednesday.

64

pendant + time period

during; for (duration of an action)

65

Pendant l'année scolaire, Rene travaille dur

During the school year, Rene works hard.

66

En été, je baisa Grenoble pendant deux semaines.

Every summer, I go to Grenoble for 2 weeks.

67

Je travaille quatre heures aujourd'hui.

I'm working for four hours today.

68

Il regarde la tele toute la journée!

He watches TV all day long!

69

pour

for (before a time expression, used only in making future plans)

70

Nous projections d'aller au Bresil pour un mois.

We're planning to go to Brazil for a month.

71

qui

whom (used after a preposition to refer to people)

72

quoi

what (used after a preposition to refer to things, use quoi not que)

73

laquel, laquelle, laques, laquelles

which one(s)?

74

aller

to go

75

faire

to do; to make

76

Il fait beau.

The weather is nice.

77

Il fait chaud.

It's hot (warm).

78

Il fait frais.

It's cool.

79

Il fait froid.

It's cold.

80

Il fait du brouillard.

It's foggy.

81

Il fait jour.

It's daylight (dawn).

82

Il fait du soleil

It's sunny.

83

Il fait mauvais.

It's bad weather.

84

Il fait du vent.

It's windy.

85

Il fait noir (nuit).

It's dark (night).

86

Il pleut.

It's raining

87

Il neige.

It's snowing.