ECare - Chapter 39 (Response to Terrorism) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ECare - Chapter 39 (Response to Terrorism) Deck (39):
1

terrorism

unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political social objectives

2

domestic terrorism

terrorism directed against one's own government or population without foreign direction

3

international terrorism

terrorism that is purely foreign-based or directed

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incidents of terrorism may involve...

CBRNE: chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive

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weapons of mass destruction

aka CBRNE. weapons, devices, or agents intended to cause widespread harm/fear among a population

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multiple devices

destructive devices (ex. bombs) including both those used in initial attack and those placed to be activated after an initial attack and timed to injure emergency responders + others

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secondary devices

destructive devices (ex. bombs) placed to be activated after an initial attack and timed to injure emergency responders + others

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OTTO signs

Occupancy, or location
Type of event
Timing of event
On-scene warning signs

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OTTO Signs: Occupancy

attacks to these locations are suspicious and can be linked to terrorism: symbolic/historical targets, public buildings/assembly areas, controversial businesses, and infrastructure systems

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OTTO Signs: Type of event

explosions, incidents involving firearms, and non-trauma mass-casualty incidents

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OTTO Signs: Timing of Event

anniversaries (ex. April 19), national holidays, specific days of the week (ex. rush hour)

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OTTO Signs: On-Scene Warning Signs

Unexplained patterns of illness, out of place containers, and unusual fire behavior

13

TRACEM-P

types of harms: thermal harm, radiological harm, asphyxiation, chemical harm, etiological harm, mechanical harm, and psychological harm

14

protection of the EMR

time (less time is better), distance (more distance), and shielding (use appropriate shielding)

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Harm from chemical incidents

Thermal (secondary), asphyxiation (secondary), chemical harms (primary), mechanism harms (secondary), and psychological harm (secondary)

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focused emergency (biological)

potential/actual point of origin of a disease is located

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biological agents

bacteria, viruses, and toxins

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exposure

dose/concentration of an agent multiplied by time or duration

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routes of entry

absorption, ingestion, injection, or inhalation

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contamination

contact with or presence of a material that is present where it does not belong; also harmful

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exposure vs contamination

exposure: substance is taken into body

contamination: substance clings to surface areas of body

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permeation

movement of a substance through a surface or through intact materials

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types of harm from biological incidents

chemical harm (secondary), etiological harm (primary), mechanical harm (secondary), and psychological harm (secondary)

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order of protection priorities for a biological incident

self-protection (respiratory protection is priority), buddy system, availability of rapid intervention teams, and civilian protection

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types of harm from radiological/nuclear incidents

thermal harm (primary), radiological harm (primary), chemical harm (secondary), mechanical harm (primary harm), psychological harm (secondary)

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high-order explosives

produce a defining supersonic over-pressurization shock wave

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low-order explosives

create subsonic explosion and lack over-pressurization wave

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types of harm from explosive incidents

thermal harm (primary), asphyxiation (secondary), chemical (primary), mechanism (primary), psychological (secondary),

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dissemination

spreading

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weaponization

packaging a material so it can be used as a weapon

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chemical agents: considerations

physical, volatility, chemical, toxicological

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classification of chemical agents

chocking, vesicating, cyanides, nerve agents, and riot control agents

33

zoonotic

able to move through the animal-human barrier (ex. anthrax)

34

radioactive/nuclear devices: potential scenarios

military nuclear weapon, use of improvised nuclear weapon, use of dirty bomb, or radiological dispersal device, and sabotage of a nuclear facility

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severe effects of radiation on body systems

blood forming system, GI system, and CNS

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rem

roentgen equivalent (in) man; measure of radiation dosage

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blast lung characteristics

apnea, bradycardia, and hypotension

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strategies

broad general plans designed to achieve desired outcomes

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tactics

specific operational actions to accomplish assigned tasks

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