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Ecology

The study of interactions of organisms in their enviroment

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Ecosystem

Community of living things that interact with each other in their enviroment

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Biotic factors

Living things in a enviroment

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Abiotic factors

Non-living things in a enviroment

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Habitat

A place were particular organisms live

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Organism

Living thing

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Species

A group of animals with many features in common

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Population

The amount of the individual organisms species at a certain time

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Community

Both living organisms both plant and animal at a certain time

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Producers

Organisms that make their own food

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Consumers

Organisms that relies on another organism for food

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Food webs

Multiple food chains put together

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Photosynthesis

A organism using the Suns energy to produce things like water and carbon dioxcide

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Chlorophyll

The green chemical parts of a plant used for photosynthesising

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Cellular respiration

A chemical reaction using oxygen that moves energy from the glucose to the compound ATP

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Autotrophs

Organisms that produce their own nutrients

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Heterotrophs

Organisms that rely on other organisms to supply their molecules and energy

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Carnivors

Animals that eat other animals

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Herbivores

Animals that eats plants

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Omnivores

Animals that eat other animals and plants

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Detrivores

Animals that eat other animals faeces

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Decomposers

Small organisms that eat decaying animals

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Ecological niche

Specific conditions to which an organism is able to live within

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Niche

The conditions in which an organism lives

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Habitat

A place in which a organism lives

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Intraspecific competition

Members of one species compete for the same resources

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Intraspecific competition

Members of one species compete for the same resources

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Host

The organism in which a parasite lives in

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Parasite

A organism that lives in or on another organism. The parasite benefits while usually harming the host organism

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Parasitism

A relationship were one organism benefits and one dosn't

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Mutualism

A relationship were two organisms benefit

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Commensalism

We're on organism benefits without affecting the other

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Preditore

The animal who hunts

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Prey

The animal that is hunted

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Realationship

A companionship between to biotic factors

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Symbiosis

A long term interaction between two or more biological species

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Symbiotic

Two diverse organisms that have sort of relationship were not always both benefit

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Food chain

A diagram that show producer/producers and what they eat

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Food chains

A diagram that shows the producer/s, what they/it eat and who eats it/they

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Food webs

Multiple food chains put together

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First topic level

The Lowest part of a food web which contains the most energy

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Second topic level

The second lowest part of a food web which contains the most yet not full amount of energy

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Third topic level

The second highest part of a food web which contains nearly the smallest amount of energy

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Fourth topic level

The highest part of a food web which contains the smallest amount of energy

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Tophic levels

Feeding levels in a food chain

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Tertiary

The third in order level

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Agriculture

The use of land to grow crops or raise farm animals

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Monocultures

Crops grown on land used for one kind of crop only

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Fertilisers

Chemicals added to soil to provide the nutrients needed for plant growth

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Eutrophication

A form of water pollution involving an excess of nutrients such as nitrates and phosphorus leaching from soils, typically resulting in excessive growth of algae

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Eutrophication

A form of water pollution involving an excess of nutrients such as nitrates and phosphorus leaching from soils, typically resulting in excessive growth of algae

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Biological control:

a method of controlling pests by introducing one of their natural enemies

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Chemical control

the control of plant or animal pests by the use of chemicals

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Pesticides:

a substance or preparation for destroying pests, usually by being poisonous to them