Flashcards in Ecosystems Deck (34):
Order of size in leaves
Chlorophasts contains grana which contains chlorophyll and absorbs light energy to create glucose.
Or scientific equation
6Carbon Dioxide + water = 6glucose(c6h1206) + 6 oxygen + 6water
What light do plants absorb?
Any light on the visible light spectrum but preferably red and blue right and they reflect green light.
Producers / autotroph
At the base of the food chain and doesn't rely on other organisms for food. Plants use photosynthesis to create food.
Chemical equations that occur when an organism uses energy to grow and repair cells
When oxygen is used to move glucose and atp around the organism
The chemical breakdown of food saving oxygen. The reactions need enzymes, occurs in all body cells and releases energy.
Process by which glucose is converted into a simple form, during which energy is released.
The fluid found inside cells.
Part of the aerobic respiration process in which carbon dioxide and ATP are produced.
Electron transport : chain reaction
Part of the aerobic respiration process.
Small rod shaped organelles that supply energy to other parts of the cell. They are usually too small to be seen with light microscopes. Singular form is mitochondrion.
The chemical breakdown of food without oxygen. The reaction needs enzymes, occurs in cells and realises less energy than aerobic respiration.
The product of anaerobic respiration in animals also known as lactate.
An end prodyct of anaerobic respiration in plants, a form of alcohol
Organisms that can respire only anaerobically, when there is oxygen.
A group of living organisms capable of interbreeding with each other but not with members of other species.
A group of individuals of the same species living in the same area at a particular time
More than one populations living in the same area at a particular time
Communities of organisms that interact with each other and their environment
Organism at the base of the food chain that does not need to feed on other organisms; also known as an autotroph.
Organisms that breaks down organic matter into inorganic materials
Animal that eats plants only
The first consumer in a food chain; aka first-order consumer.
Animals that feeds on and breaks down dead plant or animal matter.
The position of a species or population in its ecosystem in relation to each other.
The struggle among organisms for food, territory and other factors.
Where a parasite lives in/on the host and the parasite has the benefits but the host is affected negatively.
Relationship between two different organisms in which both benefit
Relationship between organisms where one benefits and the other is unaffected
Competition between organisms of same species
Same as above but different species
Very close relationship between two organisms of different species. It may benefit or harm one of the partners.
The maximum amount of an organism's population in an ecosystem
Something that kills (x)