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Flashcards in Education Theorys Deck (15):

Neoliberalism: what they believe in

Extreme functionalist views
Believe everyone is not equally talented, Meritocracy; eduction lead to work, socialise people into shared values

Believe education is not achieving this


Neoliberalism: what they are

Economic philosophy; influence education policy
Based idea state should not dictate individuals. Should encourage competition
Believe value of education lies in how well it enables the country to compete in the global marketplace

More business like schools, empowering parents and individuals. Using competition between schools o drive up standards


The new right: marketisation if education j

More business like schools
Schools market themselves
Goal oversubscribed = wait list = chose more talented

Schools and collages compete for students


The new right: what they are

In operate neoliberal ideas
Belief that the state cannot meet people's needs, best left to meet their own needs through free market
Emphasise importance of market forces in education: 2 important roles for the state …


The new right: 2 important roles for the state

State imposes a framework of schools (league tables) make sure parents make informed choices between schools

State ensure a share culture is transmitted by imposing standardised curriculum ensures to socialise pupils into a sinful cultural heritage


The new right: why they believe

Believe education system not achieving these goals . Because it is run by the state. Believe private schools better quality - answerable to consumer (parents)

Marketisation of education- state not reach. People should carry own needs forces schools to become more responsive to wish': schools compete to attract
Education market brings greater diversity choice and efficacy to schools increasing ability to meet needs of all


The new right: evaluation weaknesses

Some don't have much choice regardless league table i.e. Travel costs

Should schools run like a business. Just cos on league table doesn't = good school - more selective choosing more able

Disadvantage less likely to go to school of choice


Marxist : Aulthusser

Education and society based on class devision and capitalist exploitation . Status quo maintained cos bourgeoise control state maintain dominant position.
Education functions prevent revolution maintains capitalism. Ira and isa help bourgeois in power

Isa education reproduces class inequality passing through generation to generation failing successive working class

Education lifetime she's class inequality produces ideology function persuade workers accept inequality inevitable - deserve subordinate position likely to develop false class conscience less likely to challenge capitalism


Marxist: the repressive state apparatus

Maintain rule of bourgeois by forces or threat of it. Including police courts and army. When necessary us physical force to repress working class


Marxist: the ideological state apparatus

Maintain the rule of bourgeois by controlling people ideas Values and beliefs. Includes religion mass media and the education system


Marxist: hidden curriculum

Things that are taught at school without being directly taught not- learned through everyday experience


Marxist: Bowles and gintis

Capitalism requires worker attitude and behaviour suited to their roles accept hard work low pay and orders from above.

Education system operates this way not through official curriculum but hidden curriculum. Reproduces obedient workforce accepts Inequality inevitable .

Structure that are found in school mirror those of work … (the correspondence principle)

Education system helps prevent poor for rebelling. Legitimises class inequality produces ideologies why inequality fair. Claim education system 'gigantic myth making machine' promotes myth of meritocracy - justify privilege for the higher class.

Education justifies dumb are poor myth blames poverty that capitalism. Contributes to reconciling workers to exploited position - less lily to rebel


Marxist: Corespondent principles

Relationships of authority and control

Relationships of domination and subordination

Fragmentation of knowledge

Motivation by extrinsic rewards


Marxism: evaluation (weaknesses)

Fail to provide an alternative

Not everyone conform s to authority

Compulsory education introduced after industrialisation. Workforce managed without education shaping values and attitudes

Many recognise family background and socioeconomic factors deterring educational qualifications


Postmodernist critique of the Marxist perspective

Argue view outdated