Flashcards in Edward and Wales Deck (22):
Which Prince refused to pay homage to Edward ?
Who was Llwelyn destined to marry ?
Simon de Montfort's daughter
Which castle did Edward build to guard Anglesey ?
After the rebellions which law made Welsh law subject to English law ?
the statute of Rhuddlan
Name one of the castles built by Edward to defend against the Welsh ?
Caernarvon, Conwy, Builth, Aberystwyth, Flint, Harlech, Beaumaris
Who was Edwards master castle builder ?
James St George
when did Edward attack the Welsh ?
Which treaty had Henry III had to sign with Llywelyn, making him prince of Wales ?
treaty of Montgommery, 1267
Edward defeated the Welsh in 1277 beause he had more of what in his army ?
When Edward attacked Wales in 1277 he first went to the small island of Anglesey - why ?
It was where the Welsh kept their grain and now they had no food supplies
Who was Llywelyns broher who rose against Edward in 1282 ?
Where was Llywelyns centre of power in Wales ?
What is a bastide ?
a town walled next to a castle where you control who comes in and out
what is a barbican
a gatehouse at the entrance to a castle
what are Castle murder holes ?
holes to drop objects and burning oil on attackers
why were many of Edwards castles built next to water ?
so they could be easily supplied
what was a portcullis ?
a spiked gate to a castle that could be dropped and prevent attackers getting in
what were castles concentric walls ?
walls of different heights so you could fire over your soldiers heads without hurting them
what was the well tower ?
a tower that could pull fresh water into the castle when you were under siege
Caernarvon castle was partly destroyed in a 3rd Welsh rebellion by Maddog - when ?
Which famous royal was born in Caernarvon castle ?
Prince Edward, Edward's son