Edward and Wales Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Edward and Wales Deck (22):
1

Which Prince refused to pay homage to Edward ?

Llwelyn

2

Who was Llwelyn destined to marry ?

Simon de Montfort's daughter

3

Which castle did Edward build to guard Anglesey ?

Caernarvon

4

After the rebellions which law made Welsh law subject to English law ?

the statute of Rhuddlan

5

Name one of the castles built by Edward to defend against the Welsh ?

Caernarvon, Conwy, Builth, Aberystwyth, Flint, Harlech, Beaumaris

6

Who was Edwards master castle builder ?

James St George

7

when did Edward attack the Welsh ?

1277

8

Which treaty had Henry III had to sign with Llywelyn, making him prince of Wales ?

treaty of Montgommery, 1267

9

Edward defeated the Welsh in 1277 beause he had more of what in his army ?

Cavalry

10

When Edward attacked Wales in 1277 he first went to the small island of Anglesey - why ?

It was where the Welsh kept their grain and now they had no food supplies

11

Who was Llywelyns broher who rose against Edward in 1282 ?

Dafydd

12

Where was Llywelyns centre of power in Wales ?

Gwynedd

13

What is a bastide ?

a town walled next to a castle where you control who comes in and out

14

what is a barbican

a gatehouse at the entrance to a castle

15

what are Castle murder holes ?

holes to drop objects and burning oil on attackers

16

why were many of Edwards castles built next to water ?

so they could be easily supplied

17

what was a portcullis ?

a spiked gate to a castle that could be dropped and prevent attackers getting in

18

what were castles concentric walls ?

walls of different heights so you could fire over your soldiers heads without hurting them

19

what was the well tower ?

a tower that could pull fresh water into the castle when you were under siege

20

Caernarvon castle was partly destroyed in a 3rd Welsh rebellion by Maddog - when ?

1294

21

Which famous royal was born in Caernarvon castle ?

Prince Edward, Edward's son

22

because of its importance, Caernarvon was always defend by at least how many men ?

30