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Flashcards in Elements Of Nonfiction Deck (35):
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Nonfiction

Prose writing that is about real people places and events
Conveys real nonfictional information
Presented as fact and claims can be proven using outside sources sometimes included in the works cited or bibliography

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Biography

A story of a persons life written by another writer

2

Autobiography

A story of a persons life that is written by that person

3

Memoir

Autobiographical writing that explores a specific area in a persons life
It doesn't tell the whole story but is more episodic

4

Sketch

Description that focuses briefly on a particular person place experience or event

5

Eulogy

Tribute typically given at a funeral that celebrates/praises the deceased persons virtue or achievements

6

Essay

Writing that offers an opinion on a single subject

7

Documentary

Movie television radio or web program that provides a factual record it report

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Journal

Account of what a person thinks feels or notices

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Objectivity

Presenting unbiased facts (hard news)

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Subjectivity

Presents a particular perspective that is biased not impartial

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Denotation

A words meaning; it's dictionary definition

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Connotation

Awards implied meaning – it's meaning beyond the dictionary definition

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Facts

A statement that can be proven true

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Opinions

Statements expressing a writers personal feelings or biases

15

Inferences

Statements based on factual evidence that offers a prediction/educated guess

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Speech

A formal address/oration delivered to an audience

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Interview

A conversation/dialog in which a writer or reporter asks a interviewee questions for a news story, tv broadcast, etc.

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Review

Critical appraisal of a book, movie, play, cd, etc. intended to inform potential readers/viewers/listeners, etc.

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Tone

The attitude the writer takes toward a subject or audience

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Fallacy

Faulty reasoning or mistaken logic

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When considering a credibility of a nonfiction writing examine what 6 things

Audience
Purpose
Authority (internal and external)
Logic
Bias
Evidence

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Credibility: audience

Who is the intended audience

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Credibility: purpose

Is authors purpose to persuade, entertain, inform, etc.

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Credibility: authority: internal(writers authority)

Is author qualified
Are reliable sources cited

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Credibility: authority: external (trustworthiness of publication)

I.e. Magazine website tv

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Credibility: Logic

Is reasoning sound?
What pov are left out
Any fallacies

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Credibility:bias

Is author biased
Does s/he have something to gain/loss Is language loaded

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Credibility: evidence

Are facts, expert opinions, examples, and statistics convincing?

29

New story

A factual account or event written for immediate publication
Timely and straightforward objective writing the starts with the most important info in the first para (five w and h)
Found in magazines or newspapers on news oriented websites tv news etc.

30

Feature story

A story that takes an item from news and goes more in depth. This spin off story is usually more personal and may have a particular slant or opinion attached to it
Typically start with a compelling lead follows an essay style structure uses more colorful language And are less dependent on timelines than news stories
These types of stories can be found in newspapers magazines websites news shows etc.

31

Editorial (opinion essay)

An expression of opinion on s topic of social importance. It is intended to be persuasive

32

Circular reasoning fallacies

An attempt to support a statement by simply repeating the statement in different or stronger terms
"I need a new phone otherwise I'll have to use my old one"

33

False cause and effect fallacy

Identify an improper or unrelated cause for an observed effect
"It is dark now which make it very dangerous (the dark doesn't make it dangerous)"

34

Hasty generalization fallacy

A broad claim based on too limited evidence
"An environmental group illegally blocked loggers and workers at a nuclear plant "