Endocrine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrine Deck (21):
1

hGH

Human Growth Hormone. Anterior Pituitary. Peptide. Growth of nearly all cells.

2

ACTH

Adrenocorticotropic hormone. Anterior Pituitary. Peptide. Stimulates adrenal cortex.

3

FSH

Follicle stimulating hormone. Anterior Pituitary. Peptide. Growth of follicles in female; sperm production in males.

4

LH

Luteinizing Hormone. Anterior pituitary. Peptide. Causes ovulation; stimulates estrogen and testosterone secretion.

5

TSH

Thyroid-stimulating hormone. Anterior Pituitary. Peptide. Stimulates release of T3 and T4 in the thyroid.

6

Prolactin

Anterior Pituitary. Peptide. Promotes milk production.

7

Oxytocin

Posterior Pituitary. Peptide. Milk ejection and uterine contraction.

8

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone. Posterior Pituitary. Peptide. Water absorption by the kidney; increase blood pressure.

9

Aldosterone

Adrenal cortex. Steroid. Reduces Na+ excretion; increases K+ excretion; raises blood pressure

10

Cortisol

Adrenal Cortex. Steroid. Increases blood levels of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

11

Epinephrine

Adrenal medulla. Tyrosine derivative. Stimulates sympathetic actions.

12

Norepinephrine

Adrenal medulla. Tyrosine derivative. Stimulates sympathetic actions.

13

T3, T4

Thyroid. Tyrosine derivative. Increases basal metabolic rate.

14

Calcitonin

Thyroid. Peptide. Lowers blood calcium.

15

PTH

Parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid. Peptide. Raises blood calcium.

16

Insulin

Pancreas. Peptide. Promotes entry of glucose into cells, decreasing glucose blood level.

17

Glucagon

Pancreas. Peptide. Increases gluconeogenesis, increasing glucose blood level.

18

Estrogen

Ovaries. Steroid. Growth of mother sex organs; causes LH surge

19

Progesterone

Ovaries. Steroid. Prepares and maintains uterus for pregnancy.

20

Testosterone

Testes. Steroid. Secondary sex characteristics; closing of epiphyseal plates.

21

HCG

Human chorionic gonadotropin. Placenta. Peptide. Stimulates corpus luteum to grow and release estrogen and progesterone.