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Flashcards in English Devices Deck (19)
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1

Alliteration

the first letter of a word is repeated in words that follow; the cold, crisp, crust of clean, clear ice.

2

Assonance

the same vowel sound is repeated but the consonants are different; he passed her a sharp, dark glance, shot a cool, foolish look across the room.

3

Colloquial

language that is used in speech with an informal meaning; 'chill', 'out of this world', 'take a rain check'.

4

Dialect

the version of language spoken by particular people in a particular area, such as Scots.

5

Dialogue

conversation between two people

6

Enjambment

a device used in poetry where a sentence continues beyond the end of the line or verse. This technique is often used to maintain a sense of continuation from one stanza to another.

7

Hyperbole

exaggerating something for literary purposes which is not meant to be taken literally; we gorged on the banquet of beans on toast.

8

Imagery

similes, metaphors and personification; they all compare something 'real' with something 'imagined'.

9

Metaphor

a word or phrase used to imply figurative, not literal or 'actual', resemblance; he flew into the room.

10

Monologue

an uninterrupted monologue can show a character's importance or state of mind. Monologue can be in speech form, delivered in front of other characters and having great thematic importance, or as a soliloquy where we see the character laying bare their soul and thinking aloud.

11

Onomatopoeia

a word that sounds like the noise it is describing: 'splash', 'bang', 'pop', 'hiss'.

12

Oxymoron

Where two words normally not associated are brought together: 'cold heat' 'bitter sweet'.

13

Personification

attributing a human quality to a thing or idea: the moon calls me to her darkened world.

14

Repetition

the repetition of a word or phrase to achieve a particular effect.

15

Rhyme

the way that words sound the same at the end of lines in poetry. Poems often have a fixed rhyme-scheme (for example, sonnets have 14 lines with fixed rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG). Try to comment as to what contribution the rhyme-scheme is making to the text as a whole. Why do you think the poet has chosen it? Does it add control or imitate the ideas in the poem?

16

Simile

a phrase which establishes similarity between two things to emphasise the point being made. This usually involves the words 'like' or 'as'; 'he is as quick as an arrow in flight', 'as white as snow', 'like a burning star'.

17

Verb

a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence, such as hear, become, happen.

18

Adverb

a word or phrase that modifies the meaning of an adjective, verb, or other adverb, expressing manner, place, time, or degree (e.g. gently, here, now, very ). Some adverbs, for example sentence adverbs, can also be used to modify whole sentences.

19

Adjective

a word naming an attribute of a noun, such as sweet, red, or technical.